Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 35 | Number 3-4 | December 2022

Special Issue on The New Arctic Ocean

On the Cover: A sunset view of Arctic sea ice freeze-up from R/V Polarstern at 11.8°E, 81.5°N on September 29, 2020. The photo was taken during the transit home after the year-long Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) expedition. Photo credit: Melinda Webster, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Cover PDF
Volume 35 Issue 3-4

FROM THE GUEST EDITORS • Introduction to the Special Issue on the New Arctic Ocean
Weingartner, T., C. Ashjian, L. Brigham, T. Haine, L. Mack, D. Perovich, and B. Rabe. 2022. Introduction to the special issue on the new Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):6–9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.132.

An Updated Assessment of the Changing Arctic Sea Ice Cover
Meier, W.N., and J. Stroeve. 2022. An updated assessment of the changing Arctic sea ice cover. Oceanography 35(3–4):10–19, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.114.

A Review of Arctic Sea Ice Climate Predictability in Large-Scale Earth System Models
Holland, M.M., and E.C. Hunke. 2022. A review of Arctic sea ice climate predictability in large-scale Earth system models. Oceanography 35(3–4):20–27, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.113.

Observing Arctic Sea Ice
Webster, M.A., I. Rigor, and N.C. Wright. 2022. Observing Arctic sea ice. Oceanography 35(3–4):28–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.115.

SIDEBAR • The ICESat-2 Mission and Polar Sea Ice
Kwok, R. 2022. The ICESat-2 mission and polar sea ice. Oceanography 35(3–4):38–39, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.112.

SIDEBAR • Ice Mass Balance Buoys
Perovich, D. 2022. Ice mass balance buoys. Oceanography 35(3–4):40–41, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.107.

Eddies and the Distribution of Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Arctic Ocean
von Appen, W.-J., T.M. Baumann, M. Janout, N. Koldunov, Y.-D. Lenn, R.S. Pickart, R.B. Scott, and Q. Wang. 2022. Eddies and the distribution of eddy kinetic energy in the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):42–51, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.122.

Arctic Ocean Water Mass Structure and Circulation
Rudels, B., and E. Carmack. 2022. Arctic ocean water mass structure and circulation. Oceanography 35(3–4):52–65, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.116.

Turbulent Mixing in a Changing Arctic Ocean
Rippeth, T.P., and E.C. Fine. 2022. Turbulent mixing in a changing Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):66–75, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.103.

Air-Ice-Ocean Interactions and the Delay of Autumn Freeze-Up in the Western Arctic Ocean
Thomson, J., M. Smith, K. Drushka, and C. Lee. 2022. Air-ice-ocean interactions and the delay of autumn freeze-up in the western Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):76–87, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.124.

SIDEBAR • The Arctic Radium Isotope Observing Network (ARION): Tracking Climate-​Driven Changes in Arctic Ocean Chemistry
Kipp, L., and M. Charette. 2022. The Arctic Radium Isotope Observing Network (ARION): Tracking climate-​driven changes in Arctic ocean chemistry. Oceanography 35(3–4):88–89, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.105.

SIDEBAR • Nansen and Amundsen Basins Observational System (NABOS): Contributing to Understanding Changes in the Arctic
Pnyushkov, A.V., and I.V. Polyakov. 2022. Nansen and Amundsen Basins Observational System (NABOS): Contributing to understanding changes in the Arctic. Oceanography 35(3–4):90–93, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.104.

Arctic Ocean Boundary Exchanges: A Review
Bacon, S., A.C. Naveira Garabato, Y. Aksenov, N.J. Brown, and T. Tsubouchi. 2022. Arctic Ocean boundary exchanges: A review. Oceanography 35(3–4):94–102, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.133.

SIDEBAR • Increasing Freshwater Fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet Observed from Space
Wouters, B., and I. Sasgen. 2022. Increasing freshwater fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet observed from space. Oceanography 35(3–4):103–105, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.125.

An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Greenland’s Changing Coastal Margins
Straneo, F., D.A. Slater, C. Bouchard, M.R. Cape, M. Carey, L. Ciannelli, J. Holte, P. Matrai, K. Laidre, C. Little, L. Meire, H. Seroussi, and M. Vernet. 2022. An interdisciplinary perspective on Greenland’s changing coastal margins. Oceanography 35(3–4):106–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.128.

Interactions between the Arctic Mediterranean and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A Review
Weijer, W., T.W.N. Haine, A.H. Siddiqui, W. Cheng, M. Veneziani, and P. Kurtakoti. 2022. Interactions between the Arctic Mediterranean and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A review. Oceanography 35(3–4):118–127, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.130.

SIDEBAR • Greenland Ice Loss Rate: How this Century Compares to the Holocene
Briner, J. 2022. Greenland ice loss rate: How this century compares to the Holocene. Oceanography 35(3–4):128–129, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.108.

Harmful Algal Blooms in the Alaskan Arctic: An Emerging Threat as the Ocean Warms
Anderson, D.M., E. Fachon, K. Hubbard, K.A. Lefebvre, P. Lin, R. Pickart, M. Richlen, G. Sheffield, and C. Van Hemert. 2022. Harmful algal blooms in the Alaskan Arctic: An emerging threat as the ocean warms. Oceanography 35(3–4):130–139, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.121.

SIDEBAR • Observations of Declining Primary Productivity in the Western Bering Strait
Frey, K.E., J. Clement Kinney, L.V. Stock, and R. Osinski. 2022. Observations of declining primary productivity in the western Bering Strait. Oceanography 35(3–4):140–143, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.123.

Changing Biogeochemistry of the Arctic Ocean: Surface Nutrient and CO2 Cycling in a Warming, Melting North
Juranek, L.W. 2022. Changing biogeochemistry of the Arctic Ocean: Surface nutrient and CO2 cycling in a warming, melting north. Oceanography 35(3–4):144–155, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.120.

SIDEBAR • Alaskan Seabird Die-Offs
Kaler, R., and K. Kuletz. 2022. Alaskan seabird die-offs. Oceanography 35(3–4):156–157, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.118.

Northward Range Expansion of Subarctic Upper Trophic Level Animals into the Pacific Arctic Region
Stafford, K.M., E.V. Farley, M. Ferguson, K.J. Kuletz, and R. Levine. 2022. Northward range expansion of subarctic upper trophic level animals into the Pacific Arctic region. Oceanography 35(3–4):158–166, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.101.

Strategy for Protecting the Future Arctic Ocean
Brigham, L.W., and J.T. Gamble. 2022. Strategy for protecting the future Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):167–177, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.131.

PERSPECTIVE • Future Arctic Marine Navigation: Complexity and Uncertainties
Brigham, L.W. 2022. Future Arctic marine navigation: Complexity and uncertainties. Oceanography 35(3–4):178–179, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.136.

Increased Prevalence of Open Water During Winter in the Bering Sea: Cultural Consequences in Unalakleet, Alaska, 2022
Erickson, K.R.S., and T. Mustonen. 2022. Increased prevalence of open water during winter in the Bering Sea: Cultural consequences in Unalakleet, Alaska, 2022. Oceanography 35(3–4):180–188, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.135.

SIDEBAR • Co-Production of Knowledge in Arctic Research: Reconsidering and Reorienting Amidst the Navigating the New Arctic Initiative
Druckenmiller, M.L. 2022. Co-production of knowledge in Arctic research: Reconsidering and reorienting amidst the Navigating the New Arctic initiative. Oceanography 35(3–4):189–191, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.134.

SIDEBAR • The Yup’ik Atlas: Making History in Southwest Alaska
Fienup-Riordan, A. 2022. The Yup’ik Atlas: Making history in southwest Alaska. Oceanography 35(3–4):192–193, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.109.

SIDEBAR • Research Networking Activities Support Sustained Coordinated Observations of Arctic Change
Chythlook, C., M. Rudolf, M. Biermann, H. Eicken, and S. Starkweather. 2022. Research networking activities support sustained coordinated observations of Arctic change. Oceanography 35(3–4):194–195, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.110.

SIDEBAR • Co-Production of Sea Ice Knowledge in Uummannaq Bay, Greenland
Ryan, J., P.E. Dahl, and B. Dale. 2022. Co-production of sea ice knowledge in Uummannaq Bay, Greenland. Oceanography 35(3–4):196–197, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.106.

Monitoring Alaskan Arctic Shelf Ecosystems Through Collaborative Observation Networks
Danielson, S.L., J.M. Grebmeier, K. Iken, C. Berchok, L. Britt, K.H. Dunton, L. Eisner, E.V. Farley, A. Fujiwara, D.D.W. Hauser, M. Itoh, T. Kikuchi, S. Kotwicki, K.J. Kuletz, C.W. Mordy, S. Nishino, C. Peralta-Ferriz, R.S. Pickart, P.S. Stabeno, K.M. Stafford, A.V. Whiting, and R. Woodgate. 2022. Monitoring Alaskan Arctic shelf ecosystems through collaborative observation networks. Oceanography 35(3–4):198–209, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.119.

Emerging Technologies and Approaches for In Situ, Autonomous Observing in the Arctic
Lee, C.M., M. DeGrandpre, J. Guthrie, V. Hill, R. Kwok, J. Morison, C.J. Cox, H. Singh, T.P. Stanton, and J. Wilkinson. 2022. Emerging technologies and approaches for in situ, autonomous observing in the Arctic. Oceanography 35(3–4):210–221, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.127.

SIDEBAR • Changes in Arctic Ocean Circulation from In Situ and Remotely Sensed Observations: Synergies and Sampling Challenges
Morison, J., R. Kwok, and I. Rigor. 2022. Changes in Arctic Ocean circulation from in situ and remotely sensed observations: Synergies and sampling challenges. Oceanography 35(3–4):222–223, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.111.

SIDEBAR • A Year in the Changing Arctic Sea Ice
Shupe, M.D., and M. Rex. 2022. A year in the changing Arctic sea ice. Oceanography 35(3–4):224–225, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.126.

SIDEBAR • Arctic Data Management and Sharing
Pulsifer, P.L., and C.M. Lee. 2022. Arctic data management and sharing. Oceanography 35(3–4):226–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.129.

SIDEBAR • Float Your Boat: Launching Students into the Arctic Ocean
Forcucci, D., I. Rigor, W. Ermold, and H. Stern. 2022. Float your boat: Launching students into the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 35(3–4):228–229, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.102.


QUARTERDECK • The Arctic Ocean: Round Two
Kappel, E.S. 2022. The Arctic Ocean: Round two. Oceanography 35(3–4):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.137.

FROM THE TOS JEDI COMMITTEE • Limited Opportunities and Numerous Barriers to Ocean Science Careers in Under-Resourced Nations
Osborne, T., Ch. Pattiaratchi, and E. Meyer-Gutbrod. 2022. Limited opportunities and numerous barriers to ocean science careers in under-resourced nations. Oceanography 35(3–4):230–231, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.117.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Teaching Oceanography by Engaging Students in Civic Activism
Monger, B.C. 2022. Teaching oceanography by engaging students in civic activism. Oceanography 35(3–4):232–233, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.203.

BOOK REVIEW • Lethal Tides: Mary Sears and the Marine Scientists Who Helped Win World War II
Baker, D.J. 2022. Review of Lethal Tides: Mary Sears and the Marine Scientists Who Helped Win World War II, by C. Musemeche. Oceanography 35(3–4):234–235, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2023.102.

Easley-Vidal, R. 2022. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 35(3–4):236–237, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.202.

Close, S. 2022. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 35(3–4):237–239, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2022.201.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Tom Weingartner, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Carin Ashjian, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Lawson Brigham, Wilson Center
Thomas Haine, The Johns Hopkins University
Liza Mack, Aleut International Association
Don Perovich, Dartmouth College
Benjamin Rabe, Alfred Wegener Institute