TOS Ocean Observing Team Award

Recognizing Teams for Innovation and Excellence in Sustained Ocean Observing for Scientific and Practical Applications

2021 TOS OCEAN OBSERVING TEAM AWARD RECIPIENT:
RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS 26°N Team

For transforming our understanding of Atlantic circulation with a breakthrough in observing system design providing continuous, cost-effective measurements

The Oceanography Society (TOS) congratulates the members of the RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS 26°N team on their selection as the inaugural recipients of the TOS Ocean Observing Team Award. This award recognizes innovation and excellence in sustained ocean observing for scientific and practical applications and the citation on the team’s certificate recognizes them for transforming our understanding of Atlantic circulation with a breakthrough in observing system design providing continuous, cost-effective measurements.

The Selection Committee noted that this international team has sustained a core array of moorings across the Atlantic at 26 deg. N for more than 16 years, monitoring changes in the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). This involved collaborative work between scientists and engineers to calibrate, deploy, and maintain a large suite of in-situ instrumentation and to innovate and trial near real-time telemetry technologies for deep ocean observing. The group included a large number of students and postdocs, and collaborations with other disciplines, for example including biogeochemical sensors to couple water transports with estimates of carbon and nutrient fluxes. Their key findings are proving transformative, e.g., that: 1) AMOC varies on timescales of days to a decade, rather than decades to centuries as previously assumed, 2) Wind-forcing (rather than buoyancy forcing) plays a dominant role in AMOC variability. The team showed that previous attempts to define secular trends in AMOC from occasional ship-based cruises were biased by aliasing of this highly variable system. This program and its results have thus transformed approaches to ocean data acquisition toward targeted continuous high-resolution in-situ measurements and have motivated (and advised on) the development of other coordinated mooring-based observatories. The RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS 26°N team has contributed to open data access and helped to establish community best practices, for example through the Ocean Best Practices System (OBPS) https://www.oceanbestpractices.org hosted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

The current members of the RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS 26°N team are

  • Eleanor Frajka-Williams, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • William E. Johns, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, USA
  • Molly O. Baringer, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, USA
  • David Smeed, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Ben Moat, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Denis Volkov, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, USA
  • Darren Rayner, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Adam Houk, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, USA
  • Alejandra Sanchez-Franks, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Elaine McDonagh, National Oceanography Centre, UK & Norwegian Research Centre, Bergen, Norway
  • Harry Bryden, University of Southampton, UK
  • Paul Provost, National Marine Facilities, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Julie Collins, British Oceanographic Data Centre, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Ulises Rivera, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, USA
  • Rob MacLachlan, National Marine Facilities, National Oceanography Centre, UK
  • Pedro Pena, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, USA
  • Emma Worthington, University of Southampton & National Oceanography Centre, UK

In addition to the above, the numerous past members of team who have contributed to the observing system since its initial deployment in 2004 are acknowledged.

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