Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 31 | Number 2 | June 2018

Special Issue on Ocean Warming

On the Cover: The cover photo was taken in August 2015 north of Svalbard in the Arctic. Sailing through sea ice is the now retired Norwegian Polar Institute research vessel Lance. The expedition was part of a 2015 polar bear survey during which polar bear numbers were estimated in the Svalbard et Barents Sea regions. Taken from a helicopter, the photo shows late summer sea ice that is thin, fractured into small floes, and covered with melt ponds. An iceberg is in the foreground. Photo credit: © Nick Cobbing
Cover PDF
Volume 31 Issue 02

FROM THE GUEST EDITORS • Introduction to the Special Issue on Ocean Warming
Durack, P.J., A. Sen Gupta, and L.H. Smedsrud. 2018. Introduction to the special issue on ocean warming. Oceanography 31(2):28–31, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.226.

The Ocean’s Role in Climate
Schmitt, R.W. 2018. The ocean’s role in climate. Oceanography 31(2):32–40, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.225.

Ocean Warming: From the Surface to the Deep in Observations and Models
Durack, P.J., P.J. Gleckler, S.G. Purkey, G.C. Johnson, J.M. Lyman, and T.P. Boyer. 2018. Ocean warming: From the surface to the deep in observations and models. Oceanography 31(2):41–51, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.227.

Southern Ocean Warming
Sallée, J.-B. 2018. Southern Ocean warming. Oceanography 31(2):52–62, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.215.

Chaotic Variability of Ocean Heat Content: Climate-Relevant Features and Observational Implications
Penduff, T., G. Sérazin, S. Leroux, S. Close, J.-M. Molines, B. Barnier, L. Bessières, L. Terray, and G. Maze. 2018. Chaotic variability of ocean heat content: Climate-relevant features and observational implications. Oceanography 31(2):63–71, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.210.

An Ocean View of the Global Surface Warming Hiatus
Liu, W., and S.-P. Xie. 2018. An ocean view of the global surface warming hiatus. Oceanography 31(2):72–79, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.217.

Variability in Makassar Strait Heat Flux and Its Effect on the Eastern Tropical Indian Ocean
Gruenburg, L.K., and A.L. Gordon. 2018. Variability in Makassar Strait heat flux and its effect on the eastern tropical Indian Ocean. Oceanography 31(2):80–87, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.220.

Simulation and Analysis of Hurricane-Driven Extreme Wave Climate Under Two Ocean Warming Scenarios
Timmermans, B., C. Patricola, and M. Wehner. 2018. Simulation and analysis of hurricane-driven extreme wave climate under two ocean warming scenarios. Oceanography 31(2):88–99, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.218.

Ocean-Ice Interactions in Inglefield Gulf: Early Results from NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland Mission
Willis, J.K., D. Carroll, I. Fenty, G. Kohli, A. Khazendar, M. Rutherford, N. Trenholm, and M. Morlighem. 2018. Ocean-ice interactions in Inglefield Gulf: Early results from NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland mission. Oceanography 31(2):100–108, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.211.

Projections of Future Sea Level Contributions from the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets: Challenges Beyond Dynamical Ice Sheet Modeling
Nowicki, S., and H. Seroussi. 2018. Projections of future sea level contributions from the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets: Challenges beyond dynamical ice sheet modeling. Oceanography 31(2):109–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.216.

Increased Arctic Precipitation Slows Down Sea Ice Melt and Surface Warming
Bintanja, R., C.A. Katsman, and F.M. Selten. 2018. Increased Arctic precipitation slows down sea ice melt and surface warming. Oceanography 31(2):118–125, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.204.

Ocean Warming and the Reefs of Palau
Colin, P.L. 2018. Ocean warming and the reefs of Palau. Oceanography 31(2):126–135, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.214.

Trends in Benthic Macrofaunal Populations, Seasonal Sea Ice Persistence, and Bottom Water Temperatures in the Bering Strait Region
Grebmeier, J.M., K.E. Frey, L.W. Cooper, and M. Kędra. 2018. Trends in benthic macrofaunal populations, seasonal sea ice persistence, and bottom water temperatures in the Bering Strait region. Oceanography 31(2):136–151, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.224.

Evidence for Adaptation from the 2016 Marine Heatwave in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean
Pershing, A.J., K.E. Mills, A.M. Dayton, B.S. Franklin, and B.T. Kennedy. 2018. Evidence for adaptation from the 2016 marine heatwave in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Oceanography 31(2):152–161, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.213.

Categorizing and Naming Marine Heatwaves
Hobday, A.J., E.C.J. Oliver, A. Sen Gupta, J.A. Benthuysen, M.T. Burrows, M.G. Donat, N.J. Holbrook, P.J. Moore, M.S. Thomsen, T. Wernberg, and D.A. Smale. 2018. Categorizing and naming marine heatwaves. Oceanography 31(2):162–173, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.205.

Impacts of Ocean Warming on Acoustic Propagation Over Continental Shelf and Slope Regions
Lynch, J.F., G.G. Gawarkiewicz, Y.-T. Lin, T.F. Duda, and A.E. Newhall. 2018. Impacts of ocean warming on acoustic propagation over continental shelf and slope regions. Oceanography 31(2):174–181, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.219.


Marine Host-Pathogen Dynamics: Influences of Global Climate Change
Cohen, R.E., C.C. James, A. Lee, M.M. Martinelli, W.T. Muraoka, M. Ortega, R. Sadowski, L. Starkey, A.R. Szesciorka, S.E. Timko, E.L. Weiss, and P.J.S. Franks. 2018. Marine host-pathogen dynamics: Influences of global climate change. Oceanography 31(2):182–193, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.201.

Slow Volcanoes: The Intriguing Similarities Between Marine Asphalt and Basalt Lavas
Marcon, Y., H. Sahling, I.R. MacDonald, P. Wintersteller, C. dos Santos Ferreira, and G. Bohrmann. 2018. Slow volcanoes: The intriguing similarities between marine asphalt and basalt lavas. Oceanography 31(2):194–205, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.202.


Distress Signals: Historical Waypoints in Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Since 1850
Bolster, W.J. 2018. Distress signals: Historical waypoints in Northwest Atlantic fisheries since 1850. Oceanography 31(2):206–217, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.208.


QUARTERDECK • A Really Tough Problem for Scientists to Solve
Kappel, E.S. 2018. A really tough problem for scientists to solve. Oceanography 31(2):5, https://doi.org/​​10.5670/oceanog.2018.222.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • 30 Years of TOS and the Wisdom of Our Founders
Mix, A.C. 2018. 30 years of TOS and the wisdom of our founders. Oceanography 31(2):7, https://doi.org/​​10.5670/oceanog.2018.223.

PERSPECTIVES • Advice for Young Scientists on Fruitful Membership in the Scientific Community
Boss, E. 2018. Advice for young scientists on fruitful membership in the scientific community. Oceanography 31(2):8–9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.203.

PERSPECTIVES • Unanticipated Benefit of an Outreach Program
Yoder, J.A. 2018. Unanticipated benefit of an outreach program. Oceanography 31(2):10, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.221.

PERSPECTIVES • Science Outreach Using Social Media: Oceanography from the Lab to the Public
Meyer, A., A.K. Pavlov, A. Rösel, J. Negrel, P. Itkin, L. Cohen, J. King, S. Gerland, S.R. Hudson, L. de Steur, P.A. Dodd, L. Crews, M. Bratrein, Mats A. Granskog, and N. Cobbing. 2018. Science outreach using social media: Oceanography from the lab to the public. Oceanography 31(2):11–15, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.212.

RIP CURRENT – NEWS IN OCEANOGRAPHY • Effect on Ocean Noise: Nyepi, a Balinese Day of Silence
Williams, R., C. Erbe, I.M.I. Dewantama, and I.G. Hendrawan. 2018. Effect on ocean noise: Nyepi, a Balinese day of silence. Oceanography 31(2):16–18, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.207.

OCEAN POLICY • Marine Species Range Shifts Necessitate Advanced Policy Planning: The Case of the North Atlantic Right Whale
Meyer-Gutbrod, E.L., C.H. Greene, and K.T.A. Davies. 2018. Marine species range shifts necessitate advanced policy planning: The case of the North Atlantic right whale. Oceanography 31(2):19–23, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.209.

RIPPLE MARKS • Stirrings in the Muck: Fiddler Crabs Emerge from Burrows Earlier in Spring—Crab-Specialist Herons Migrate in Sync
Dybas, C.L. 2018. Stirrings in the muck: Fiddler crabs emerge from burrows earlier in spring—crab-specialist herons migrate in sync. Oceanography 31(2):24–27, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.206.

CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and Insights. 2018. Oceanography 31(2):218–220.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Paul Durack, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Alex Sen Gupta, UNSW Sydney
Lars H. Smedsrud, University of Bergen