{!— ALTMETRIC INDEX TAGS - MJF --}
Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 31 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 31, No. 2
Pages 206 - 217

ROGER REVELLE COMMEMORATIVE LECTURE • Distress Signals: Historical Waypoints in Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Since 1850

W. Jeffrey Bolster
First Paragraph

By inviting a historian to deliver the 2018 Roger Revelle Lecture, the Ocean Studies Board signals the value of fruitful engagement between the sciences and the humanities. Their decision honors Roger Revelle’s legacy. A brilliant geophysicist and oceanographer, Revelle embraced interdisciplinary approaches during the final years of his career, turning his attention to malnutrition, global poverty, and education. Roger Revelle recognized that thorny problems require multiple forms of knowledge.

Citation

Bolster, W.J. 2018. Distress signals: Historical waypoints in Northwest Atlantic fisheries since 1850. Oceanography 31(2):206–217, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.208.

References

Al-Abdulrazzak, A., D. Zeller, and D. Pauly. 2015. Understanding fisheries through historical reconstructions. Chapter 6 in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation. J.N. Kittinger, L. McClenachan, K. Gedan, and L.K. Blight, eds, University of California Press.

Alexander, K.E., W.B. Leavenworth, S. Claesson, and W.J. Bolster. 2011. Catch density: A new approach to shifting baselines, stock assessment, and ecosystem-​based management. Bulletin of Marine Science 87(2):213–234, https://doi.org/10.5343/bms.2010.1063.

Alexander, K.E., W.B. Leavenworth, J. Cournane, A.B. Cooper, S. Claesson, S. Brennan, G. Smith, L. Rains, K. Magness, R. Dunn, and others. 2009. Gulf of Maine cod in 1861: Historical analysis of fishery logbooks, with ecosystem implications. Fish and Fisheries 10:428-449, https://doi.org/​10.1111/j.1467-2979.2009.00334.x.

Alexander, K.E., W.B. Leavenworth, T.V. Willis, C. Hall, S. Mattocks, S. Bittner, and E. Klein. 2017. Tambora and the mackerel year: Phenology and fisheries during an extreme climate event. Science Advances 3(1):e1601635, https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601635.

Appleby, J., L. Hunt, and M. Jacob. 1994. Telling the Truth about History. W.W. Norton & Company, 336 pp.

Benedict, R. 1943. Obituary: Franz Boas. Science 97:60–62, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.97.2507.60.

Bolster, W.J. 2006. Opportunities in marine environmental history. Environmental History 11:567–597, https://doi.org/10.1093/envhis/11.3.567.

Bolster, W.J. 2012. The Mortal Sea: Fishing the Atlantic in the Age of Sail. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 416 pp.

Bolster, W.J., K.E. Alexander, and W.B. Leavenworth. 2011. The historic abundance of cod on the Nova Scotian Shelf. Pp. 79–113 in Shifting Baselines: The Past and Future of Ocean Resources. J.B.C. Jackson, K.E. Alexander, and E. Sala, eds, Island Press.

Chadbourne, B. 1797. “A Description of the Town and Village.” Mss., Old Berwick Historical Society, South Berwick, Maine.

DFO (Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada). 2002. Science Stock Status Report for Cod Areas 4X and 4VsW.

DFO. 2017. 2016 4X5Yb Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) Stock Status Update. DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Science Response 2017/024, http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40625230.pdf.

Dyson, J. 1977. Business in Great Waters: The Story of British Fishermen. Angus & Robertson London, 335 pp.

Engelhard, G., R.H. Thurstan, B.R. MacKenzie, H.K. Alleway, R. Colin, A. Bannister, M. Cardinale, M.W. Clarke, J.C. Currie, T. Fortibuoni, and others. 2016. ICES meets historical marine ecology: Placing the history of fish and fisheries in current policy context. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73:1,386–1,403, https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsv219.

Franklin, H.B., 2007. The Most Important Fish in the Sea. Island Press, 280 pp.

Henderschedt, J. 2015. Viewpoint from a practitioner: Real-world constraints to applying historical baselines in U.S. fisheries. P. 101 in Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation. J.N. Kittinger, L. McClenachan, K.B. Gedan, and L.K. Blight, eds, University of California Press.

Jackson, J.B.C. Reefs since Columbus. 1997. Coral Reefs 16(Supplement 1):S23–S32, https://doi.org/​10.1007/s003380050238.

Jackson, J.B.C., M.X. Kirby, W.H. Berger, K.A. Bjorndal, L.W. Botsford, B.J. Bourque, R.H. Bradbury, R. Cooke, J. Erlandson, J.A. Estes, and others. 2001. Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science 293:629–638, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059199.

Kittinger, J.N., L. McClenachan, K.B. Gedan, and L.K. Blight. 2014. Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation: Applying the Past to Manage for the Future. University of California Press, Oakland, CA, 312 pp.

Leavenworth, W.B., 2006. Opening Pandora’s box: Tradition, competition, and technology on the Scotian Shelf, 1852–1860. Pp. 29–49 in The North Atlantic Fisheries: Supply, Marketing, and Consumption, 1560–1990. D.J. Starkey and J.E. Candow, eds, Studia Atlantica, vol. 8.

Link, J.S., T.F. Ihde, C.J. Harvey, S.K. Gaichas, J.C. Field, J.K.T. Brodziak, H.M. Townsend, and R.M. Perman. 2012. Dealing with uncertainty in ecosystem models: The paradox of use for living resource management. Progress in Oceanography 102:102–114, https://doi.org/​10.1016/j.pocean.2012.03.008.

Liu, J., T. Dietz, S.R. Carpenter, M. Alberti, C. Folke, E. Moran, A.N. Pell, P. Deadman, T. Kratz, J. Lubchenco, and others. 2007. Complexity of coupled human and natural systems. Science 317:1,513–1,516, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1144004.

Lotze, H.K., H.S. Lenihan, B.J. Bourque, R.H. Bradbury, R.G. Cooke, M.C. Kay, S.M. Kidwell, M.X. Kirby, C.H. Peterson, and J.B.C. Jackson. 2006. Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas. Science 312:1,806–1,809, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1128035.

Lotze, H.K., and I. Milewski. 2004. Two centuries of multiple human impacts and successive changes in a North Atlantic food web. Ecological Applications 14:1,428–1,447, https://doi.org/​10.1890/03-5027.

Lowenthal, D. 1985. The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge University Press, 489 pp.

McClenachan, L. 2009. Documenting loss of large trophy fish from the Florida Keys with historical photographs. Conservation Biology 23:636–643, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01152.x.

McClenachan, L., and A.B. Cooper. 2008. Extinction rates, historical population structure and ecological role of the Caribbean monk seal. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 275:1,351–1,358, https://doi.org/​10.1098/rspb.2007.1757.

McClenachan, L., S. Lovell, and C. Keaveney. 2015. Social benefits of restoring historical ecosystems and fisheries: Alewives in Maine. Ecology and Society 20(2):31, https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07585-200231.

MeSA, Maine State Archive, Legislative Graveyard, 1857. Petition of inhabitants of Gouldsboro, October 10, 1857, box 256, folder 37.

MeSA, Maine State Archive, Legislative Laws, 1852. Petition of inhabitants of Southport, Boothbay, and vicinity, January 1852, box 265, folder 125.

Myers, R.A., and B. Worm. 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature 423:280–283, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01610.

National Research Council (NRC), 2004. Improving the Use of the “Best Scientific Information Available” Standard in Fisheries Management. National Academies Press, Washington, DC, https://doi.org/​10.17226/11045.

Neilson, J., R. Arocha, S. Cass-Calay, J. Mejuto, M. Ortiz, G. Scott, C. Smith, P. Travassos, G. Tserpes, and I. Andrushchenko. 2013. The recovery of Atlantic swordfish: The comparative roles of the Regional Fisheries Management Organization and species biology. Reviews in Fisheries Science 21(2):59–97, https://doi.org/​10.1080/​10641262.​2012.​754842.

NOAA. 2015. Gulf of Maine Haddock: 2015 Assessment Update Report. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 8 pp., https://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/groundfish/operational-assessments-2015/Reports/2015_HAD_GM_Assessment_Report_20150913.pdf.

Pandolfi, J.M., R.H. Bradbury, E. Sala, T.P. Hughes, K.A. Bjorndal, R.G. Cooke, D. McArdle, L. McClenachan, M.J.H. Newman, G. Paredes, and others. 2003. Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems. Science 301:955–958, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1085706.

Pauly, D. 1995. Anecdotes and the shifting baseline syndrome of fisheries. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10:430, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)89171-5.

Pauly, D., and J. Maclean. 2003. In a Perfect Ocean: The State of Fisheries and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean. Island Press, 208 pp.

Pauly, P.J. 2000. Biologists and the Promise of American Life: From Meriwether Lewis to Alfred Kinsey. Princeton University Press, 336 pp.

Pershing, A.J., M.A. Alexander, C.M. Hernandez, L.A. Kerr, A. LeBris, K.E. Mills, J.A. Nye, N.R. Record, H.A. Scannell, J.D. Scott, and others. 2015. Slow adaptation in the face of rapid warming leads to collapse of Gulf of Maine cod industry. Science 350(6262):809–812, https://doi.org/​10.1126/science.aac9819.

Pikitch, E.A., C. Santora, E.A. Babcock, A. Bakun, R. Bonfil, D.O. Conover, P. Dayton, P. Doukakis, D. Fluharty, B. Heneman, and others. 2004. Ecosystem-based fishery management. Science 305:346–347, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1098222.

Reisner, M. 1986. Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. Penguin Books, 608 pp.

Rose, G.A. 2007. Cod: The Ecological History of the North Atlantic Fisheries. Breakwater Books Ltd., 380 pp.

Rosenberg, A.A., W.J. Bolster, K.E. Alexander, W.B. Leavenworth, A.B. Cooper, and M.G. McKenzie. 2005. The history of ocean resources: Modeling cod biomass using historical records. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3:84–90, https://doi.org/​10.1890/​1540-9295(2005)​003​[0078:THOORM]​2.0.CO;2.

State of Maine, Department of Marine Resources. 2018. Historical Maine Fisheries Landings Data, http://www.maine.gov/dmr/commercial-fishing/​landings/historical-data.html.

USCFF (US Commission of Fish and Fisheries). 1874. Report of the Commissioner for 1872 and 1873, xiv.

Vaughan, D.S., and J.S. Smith. 2009. Reconstructing Historical Commercial Landings of Atlantic Menhaden. Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review, NOAA Fisheries, Beaufort, NC, SEDAR 20-DW02.

Warner, W. 1977. Distant Water: The Fate of the North Atlantic Fisherman. Little Brown & Co., 338 pp.

Widenmann, R.A. 1914. Extermination threatens American sea fishes. The New York Times, July 26, 1914.