Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 22 | Number 4 | December 2009

Special Issue: The Future of Ocean Biogeochemistry in a High-CO2 World

On the Cover: Photos: Time sequence of shell dissolution of the Antarctic pteropod Limacina helicina in waters simulating the saturation state of surface seawater with respect to aragonite that is projected for the Southern Ocean (from Orr et al., 2005, doi:10.1038/nature04095) by 2100 under the IS92a business-as-usual CO2 emissions scenario. The photos in this sequence were taken from March 31, 2007–May 15, 2007 in the laboratory of Victoria Fabry. Photo credit: David Liittschwager, National Geographic Stock. Background: Changes in atmospheric CO2, seawater pCO2, and pH near Hawaii. See Feely et al. on page 36 for details.
Cover PDF
Volume 22 Issue 04

Ocean Acidification: A Critical Emerging Problem for the Ocean Sciences
Doney, S.C., W.M. Balch, V.J. Fabry, and R.A. Feely. 2009. Ocean acidification: A critical emerging problem for the ocean sciences. Oceanography 22(4):16–25, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.93.

An Accounting of the Observed Increase in Oceanic and Atmospheric CO2 and an Outlook for the Future
Tans, P. 2009. An accounting of the observed increase in oceanic and atmospheric CO2 and an outlook for the future. Oceanography 22(4):26–35, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.94.

Ocean Acidification: Present Conditions and Future Changes in a High-CO2 World
Feely, R.A., S.C. Doney, and S.R. Cooley. 2009. Ocean acidification: Present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography 22(4):36–47, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.95.

Observing Ocean Acidification from Space
Gledhill, D.K., R. Wanninkhof, and C.M. Eakin. 2009. Observing ocean acidification from space. Oceanography 22(4):48–59, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.96.

Ocean Acidification in the California Current System
Hauri, C., N. Gruber, G.-K. Plattner, S. Alin, R.A. Feely, B. Hales, and P.A. Wheeler. 2009. Ocean acidification in the California Current System. Oceanography 22(4):60–71, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.97.

Effect of Ocean Acidification on the Speciation of Metals in Seawater
Millero, F.J., R. Woosley, B. DiTrolio, and J. Waters. 2009. Effect of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in seawater. Oceanography 22(4):72–85, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.98.

Ocean Acidification and the Increasing Transparency of the Ocean to Low-Frequency Sound
Brewer, P.G., and K. Hester. 2009. Ocean acidification and the increasing transparency of the ocean to low-frequency sound. Oceanography 22(4):86–93, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.99.

Ocean Acidification in Deep Time
Kump, L.R., T.J. Bralower, and A. Ridgwell. 2009. Ocean acidification in deep time. Oceanography 22(4):94–107, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.100.

Coral Reefs and Ocean Acidification
Kleypas, J.A., and K.K. Yates. 2009. Coral reefs and ocean acidification. Oceanography 22(4):108–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.101.

Why Corals Care About Ocean Acidification: Uncovering the Mechanism
Cohen, A.L., and M. Holcomb. 2009. Why corals care about ocean acidification: Uncovering the mechanism. Oceanography 22(4):118–127, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.102.

Nutrient Cycles and Marine Microbes in a CO2-Enriched Ocean
Hutchins, D.A., M.R. Mulholland, and F. Fu. 2009. Nutrient cycles and marine microbes in a CO2-enriched ocean. Oceanography 22(4):128–145, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.103.

Potential Interactions Among Ocean Acidification, Coccolithophores, and the Optical Properties of Seawater
Balch, W.M., and P.E. Utgoff. 2009. Potential interactions among ocean acidification, coccolithophores, and the optical properties of seawater. Oceanography 22(4):146–159, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.104.

Ocean Acidification at High Latitudes: The Bellwether
Fabry, V.J., J.B. McClintock, J.T. Mathis, and J.M. Grebmeier. 2009. Ocean acidification at high latitudes: The bellwether. Oceanography 22(4):160–171, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.105.

Ocean Acidification's Potential to Alter Global Marine Ecosystem Services
Cooley, S.R., H.L. Kite-Powell, and S.C. Doney. 2009 Ocean acidification’s potential to alter global marine ecosystem services. Oceanography 22(4):172–181, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.106.

Research Priorities for Understanding Ocean Acidification: Summary From the Second Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World
Orr, J.C., K. Caldeira, V. Fabry, J.-P. Gattuso, P. Haugan, P. Lehodey, S. Pantoja, H.-O. Pörtner, U. Riebesell, T. Trull, E. Urban, M. Hood, and W. Broadgate. 2009. Research priorities for understanding ocean acidificat ion: Summary from the Second Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. Oceanography 22(4):182–189, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.107.

European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA): Objectives, Products, and Scientific Highlights
Gattuso, J.-P., L. Hansson, and the EPOCA Consortium. 2009. European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA): Objectives, products, and scientific highlights. Oceanography 22(4):190–201, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.108.


Taking Ocean Research Results to Applications: Examples and Lessons from US GLOBEC
Turner, E., and D.B. Haidvogel. 2009. Taking ocean research results to applications: Examples and lessons from US GLOBEC. Oceanography 22(4):232–241, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.111.


Dissolved Organic Matter in the Ocean: A Controversy Stimulates New Insights
Hansell, D.A., C.A. Carlson, D.J. Repeta, and R. Schlitzer. 2009. Dissolved organic matter in the ocean: A controversy stimulates new insights. Oceanography 22(4):202–211, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.109.


Understanding How Disease and Environment Combine to Structure Resistance in Estuarine Bivalve Populations
The Delaware Bay Ecology of Infectious Diseases Group. 2009. Understanding how disease and environment combine to structure resistance in estuarine bivalve populations. Oceanography 22(4):212–231, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.110.


FROM THE GUEST EDITORS • From the Guest Editors
Balch, W.M., S.C. Doney, V.J. Fabry, and R.A. Feely. 2009. From the Guest Editors. Oceanography 22(4):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.112.

QUARTERDECK • Making Could Into Something We Can Sell
Kappel, E.S. 2009. Quarterdeck: Making could Into something we can sell. Oceanography 22(4):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.113.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • A Healthy Ocean Matters
Thoroughgood, C. 2009. From the President: A healthy ocean matters. Oceanography 22(4):9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.114.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Health and Safety in the Learning Environment
Boxall, S. 2009. The oceanography classroom: Health and safety in the learning environment. Oceanography 22(4):242–243, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.116.

HANDS-ON OCEANOGRAPHY • Sorting Out Sediment Grain Size and Plastic Pollution
Spalding, H.L., K.M. Duncan, and Z. Norcross-Nu’u. 2009. Hands-on oceanography: Sorting out sediment grain size and plastic pollution. Oceanography 22(4):244–250, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.117.

AWARDS • The 2009 Walter Munk Award
Awards: The 2009 Walter Munk Award. 2009. Oceanography 22(4):251.

BOOK REVIEW • Estuaries: Dynamics, Mixing, Sedimentation and Morphology
Yankovsky, A. 2009. Review of Estuaries: Dynamics, Mixing, Sedimentation and Morphology, by D. Prandle. Oceanography 22(4):252–253, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.118.

BOOK REVIEW • Oceanology: The True Account of the Voyage of the Nautilus
Yentsch, C.M., and C.S. Yentsch. 2009. Review of Oceanology: The True Account of the Voyage of the Nautilus, by Z. de Lesseps. Oceanography 22(4):253–255, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.119.

BOOK REVIEW • Don't Be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance In An Age of Style
Sharp, J.H. 2009. Review of Don’t Be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance In An Age of Style, by R. Olson. Oceanography 22(4):255–257, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.120.

Special Issue Guest Editors

William M. Balch, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
Scott C. Doney, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Victoria J. Fabry, California State University, San Marcos
Richard A. Feely, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration