Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 23 | Number 1 | March 2010

Special Issue: Mountains in the Sea

On the Cover: The front and back covers depict seven seamounts formed by the Louisville hotspot in the South Pacific that were surveyed during the AMAT02 Expedition in 2006 (Peter Lonsdale, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, chief scientist) using R/V Roger Revelle. As part of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP), this site survey provided key data to prepare for IODP Expedition 330 (December 2010) that aims to drill four seamounts in the Louisville seamount trail. Using paleoomagnetic and geochronological data from the drilled basalts, this project attempts to answer the question of whether the deep Hawaiian and Louisville mantle plumes, the two longest-lived primary hotspot systems in the Pacific, have moved in concert or independently.
Cover PDF
Volume 23 Issue 01
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES

Foreword
McNutt, M. 2010. Foreword. Oceanography 23(1):16–17, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.58.

From the Guest Editors
Staudigel, H., A.A.P. Koppers, J.W. Lavelle, T.J. Pitcher, and T.M. Shank. 2010. From the Guest Editors. Oceanography 23(1):18–19, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.59.

BOX • Defining the Word "Seamount"
Staudigel, H., A.A.P. Koppers, J.W. Lavelle, T.J. Pitcher, and T.M. Shank. 2010. Box 1: Defining the word “seamount”. Oceanography 23(1):20–21, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.85.

BOX • Featured Seamount Locations
Box 2: Featured seamount locations. 2010. Oceanography 23(1):22–23.

The Global Seamount Census
Wessel, P., D.T. Sandwell, and S.-S. Kim. 2010. The global seamount census. Oceanography 23(1):24–33, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.60.

BOX • Seamount Discovery Tool Aids Navigation to Uncharted Seafloor Features
Sandwell, D.T., and P. Wessel. 2010. Box 3: Seamount discovery tool aids navigation to uncharted seafloor features. Oceanography 23(1):34–36, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.87.

BOX • Seamount Catalog: Seamount Morphology, Maps, and Data Files
Koppers, A.A.P., H. Staudigel, and R. Minnett. 2010. Box 4: Seamount catalog—Seamount morphology, maps, and data files. Oceanography 23(1):37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.88.

SPOTLIGHT • Axial Seamount
Chadwick, W.W., D.A. Butterfield, R.W. Embley, V. Tunnicliffe, J.A. Huber, S.L. Nooner, and D.A. Clague. 2010. Spotlight 1: Axial Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):38–39, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.73.

SPOTLIGHT • Jasper Seamount
Konter, J.G., H. Staudigel, and J. Gee. 2010. Spotlight 2: Jasper Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):40–41, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.74.

Intraplate Seamounts as a Window into Deep Earth Processes
Koppers, A.A.P., and A.B. Watts. 2010. Intraplate seamounts as a window into deep earth processes. Oceanography 23(1):42–57, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.61.

The Geological History of Deep-Sea Volcanoes: Biosphere, Hydrosphere, and Lithosphere Interactions
Staudigel, H., and D.A. Clague. 2010. The geological history of deep-sea volcanoes: Biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere interactions. Oceanography 23(1):58–71, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.62.

SPOTLIGHT • Lō`ihi Seamount
Staudigel, H., C.L. Moyer, M.O. Garcia, A. Malahoff, D.A. Clague, and A.A.P. Koppers. 2010. Spotlight 3: Lō`ihi Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):72–73, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.75.

Seamounts as Conduits for Massive Fluid, Heat, and Solute Fluxes on Ridge Flanks
Fisher, A.T., and C.G. Wheat. 2010. Seamounts as conduits for massive fluid, heat, and solute fluxes on ridge flanks. Oceanography 23(1):74–87, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.63.

BOX • The NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer: New Ways For Exploring the Ocean
Hammond, S., J. McDonough, and C. Russell. 2010. Box 5: The NOAA ship Okeanos Explorer—New ways for exploring the ocean. Oceanography 23(1):88–89, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.89.

Motion, Commotion, and Biophysical Connections at Deep Ocean Seamounts
Lavelle, J.W., and C. Mohn. 2010. Motion, commotion, and biophysical connections at deep ocean seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):90–103, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.64.

SPOTLIGHT • New England and Corner Rise Seamounts
Shank, T.M. 2010. Spotlight 4: New England and Corner Rise Seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):104–105, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.76.

SPOTLIGHT • Great Meteor Seamount
Mohn, C. 2010. Spotlight 5: Great Meteor Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):106–107, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.77.

Seamounts: Deep-Ocean Laboratories of Faunal Connectivity, Evolution, and Endemism
Shank, T.M. 2010. Seamounts: Deep-ocean laboratories of faunal connectivity, evolution, and endemism. Oceanography 23(1):108–122, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.65.

BOX • Seamount Ecosystem Evaluation Framework (SEEF): A Tool for Global Seamount Research and Data Synthesis
Pitcher, T.J., T. Morato, K.I. Stocks, and M.R. Clark. 2010. Box 6: Seamount Ecosystem Evaluation Framework (SEEF)—A tool for global seamount research and data synthesis. Oceanography 23(1):123–125, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.90.

SPOTLIGHT • Davidson Seamount
Clague, D., L. Lundsten, J. Hein, J. Paduan, and A. Davis. 2010. Spotlight 6: Davidson Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):126–127, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.78.

BOX • Deep-Sea Corals on Seamounts
Etnoyer, P.J. 2010. Box 7: Deep-sea corals on seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):128–129, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.91.

BOX • Eight Major Target Species in World Seamount Fisheries
Pitcher, T.J. 2010. Box 8: Eight major target species in world seamount fisheries. Oceanography 23(1):130–131, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.92.

BOX • Effects of Trawling on Seamounts
Clark, M.R. 2010. Box 9: Effects of trawling on seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):132–133, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.93.

Seamount Fisheries: Do They Have a Future?
Pitcher, T.J., M.R. Clark, T. Morato, and R. Watson. 2010. Seamount fisheries: Do they have a future? Oceanography 23(1):134–144, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.66.

BOX • SeamountsOnline: A Desktop Window Into the Lives of Seamounts
Stocks, K.I. 2010. Box 10: SeamountsOnline—A desktop window into the lives of seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):145, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.94.

SPOTLIGHT • Graveyard Seamounts
Clark, M.R., A.A. Rowden, I. Wright, and M. Consalvey. 2010. Spotlight 7: Graveyard Seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):146–147, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.79.

Microbiology of Seamounts: Common Patterns Observed in Community Structure
Emerson, D., and C.L. Moyer. 2010. Microbiology of seamounts: Common patterns observed in community structure. Oceanography 23(1):148–163, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.67.

SPOTLIGHT • Vailulu'u Seamount
Koppers, A.A.P., H. Staudigel, S.R. Hart, C. Young, and J.G. Konter. 2010. Spotlight 8: Vailulu’u Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):164–165, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.80.

Seamount Subduction and Earthquakes
Watts, A.B., A.A.P. Koppers, and D.P. Robinson. 2010. Seamount subduction and earthquakes. Oceanography 23(1):166–173, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.68.

SPOTLIGHT • South Chamorro Seamount
Wheat, C.G., P. Fryer, K. Takai, and S. Hulme. 2010. Spotlight 9: South Chamorro Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):174–175, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.81.

Seamounts in the Subduction Factory
Staudigel, H., A.A.P. Koppers, T.A. Plank, and B.B. Hanan. 2010. Seamounts in the subduction factory. Oceanography 23(1):176–181, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.69.

SPOTLIGHT • Northwest Rota-1 Seamount
Chadwick, W.W., R.W. Embley, E.T. Baker, J.A. Resing, J.E. Lupton, K.V. Cashman, R.P. Dziak, V. Tunnicliffe, D.A. Butterfield, and Y. Tamura. 2010. Spotlight 10: Northwest Rota-1 Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):182–183, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.82.

Seamount Mineral Deposits: A Source of Rare Metals for High-Technology Industries
Hein, J.R., T.A. Conrad, and H. Staudigel. 2010. Seamount mineral deposits: A source of rare metals for high-technology industries. Oceanography 23(1):184–189, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.70.

Can We Protect Seamounts for Research? A Call For Conservation
Morato, T., T.J. Pitcher, M.R. Clark, G. Menezes, F. Tempera, F. Porteiro, E. Giacomello, and R.S. Santos. 2010. Can we protect seamounts for research? A call for conservation. Oceanography 23(1):190–199, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.71.

SPOTLIGHT • Dom João de Castro Seamount
Santos, R.S., F. Tempera, A. Colaço, F. Cardigos, and T. Morato. 2010. Spotlight 11: Dom João de Castro Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):200–201, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.83.

SPOTLIGHT • Sedlo Seamount
Santos, R.S., F. Tempera, G. Menezes, F. Porteiro, and T. Morato. 2010. Spotlight 12: Sedlo Seamount. Oceanography 23(1):202–203, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.84.

BOX • Ocean Acoustic Waveguide Remote Sensing: Visualizing Life Around Seamounts
Makris, N.C., S. Jagannathan, and A. Ignisca. 2010. Box 11: Ocean acoustic waveguide remote sensing—Visualizing life around seamounts. Oceanography 23(1):204–205, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.95.

BOX • How Large Is the Seamount Biome?
Etnoyer, P.J., J. Wood, and T.C. Shirley. 2010. Box 12: How large is the seamount biome? Oceanography 23(1):206–209, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.96.

BOX • Databases and Internet Resources on Seamounts
Box 13: Databases and internet resources on seamounts. 2010. Oceanography 23(1):210–211.

Seamount Sciences: Quo Vadis?
Staudigel, H., A.A.P. Koppers, J.W. Lavelle, T.J. Pitcher, and T.M. Shank. 2010. Seamount sciences: Quo vadis? Oceanography 23(1):212–213, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.72.

SCIENCE AND POLICY FEATURE

A Very Inconvenient Truth
Greene, C.H., D.J. Baker, and D.H. Miller. 2010. A very inconvenient truth. Oceanography 23(1):214–218, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.98.

DEPARTMENTS

QUARTERDECK • Of Note
Kappel, E.S. 2010. Quarterdeck: Of note. Oceanography 23(1):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.99.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • Marine Spatial Planning: A Call for Action
Thoroughgood, C. 2010. From the President: Marine spatial planning—A call for action. Oceanography 23(1):9–10, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.100.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Your Course Outline—A Critical Document
Garrison, T. 2010. The oceanography classroom: Your course outline—A critical document. Oceanography 23(1):220–221, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.102.

BOOK REVIEW • Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration
Wadhams, P. 2010. Review of Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration, by W.H. Berger. Oceanography 23(1):222–224, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.103.

BOOK REVIEW • Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans
Fischer, A. 2010. Review of Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans, edited by K. McLeod and H. Leslie. Oceanography 23(1):224–226, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.104.

BOOK REVIEW • Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats
Brooke, S. 2010. Review of Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats, by J.M. Roberts, A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S. Cairns. Oceanography 23(1):226–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.105.

BOOK REVIEW • The Silent Deep: The Discovery, Ecology, and Conservation of the Deep Sea
Shank, T.M. 2010. Review of The Silent Deep: The Discovery, Ecology, and Conservation of the Deep Sea, by T. Koslow. Oceanography 23(1):228–229, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.106.

BOOK REVIEW • World Ocean Census: A Global Survey of Marine Life
Greene, C.H. 2010. Review of World Ocean Census: A Global Survey of Marine Life, by D. Trew Crist, C. Scowcroft, and J. Harding Jr. Oceanography 23(1):229–231, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.107.

AWARDS • The Oceanography Society Fellows Program
Awards: The Oceanography Society Fellows Program. 2010. Oceanography 23(1):219.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Hubert Staudigel, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Anthony A.P. Koppers, Oregon State University
J. William Lavelle, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Tony J. Pitcher, University of British Columbia
Timothy M. Shank, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Sponsors

Production of this issue was funded by US National Science Foundation grant OCE-0939834 to The Oceanography Society, and Research Coordination Network grant BIO-0443337 to H. Staudigel (Scripps Institution of Oceanography), and the New Zealand National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd.