Volume 25 | Number 1 | March 2012
Special Issue: Oceanic Spreading Center Processes: Ridge 2000 Program Research
On the Cover: FRONT COVER: A hallmark of the Ridge 2000 Program is the integrated, interdisciplinary studies focused on links among geological, chemical, and biological processes at oceanic spreading centers. The cover illustrates these relationships at one of the Ridge 2000 Integrated Study Sites—Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. BACK COVER: Collage of high-resolution perspectives of axial terrain and vent ecosystems at Ridge 2000 Integrated Study Sites.
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES
Introduction to the Special Issue: From RIDGE to Ridge 2000
Fornari, D.J., S.E. Beaulieu, J.F. Holden, L.S. Mullineaux, and M. Tolstoy. 2012. Introduction to the special issue: From RIDGE to Ridge 2000. Oceanography 25(1):12–17, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.01.
The East Pacific Rise Between 9°N and 10°N: Twenty-Five Years of Integrated, Multidisciplinary Oceanic Spreading Center Studies
Fornari, D.J., K.L. Von Damm, J.G. Bryce, J.P. Cowen, V. Ferrini, A. Fundis, M.D. Lilley, G.W. Luther III, L.S. Mullineaux, M.R. Perfit, M.F. Meana-Prado, K.H. Rubin, W.E. Seyfried Jr., T.M. Shank, S.A. Soule, M. Tolstoy, and S.M. White. 2012. The East Pacific Rise between 9°N and 10°N: Twenty-five years of integrated, multidisciplinary oceanic spreading center studies. Oceanography 25(1):18–43, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.02.
Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: One of the Most Remarkable Places on Earth
Kelley, D.S., S.M. Carbotte, D.W. Caress, D.A. Clague, J.R. Delaney, J.B. Gill, H. Hadaway, J.F. Holden, E.E.E. Hooft, J.P. Kellogg, M.D. Lilley, M. Stoermer, D. Toomey, R. Weekly, and W.S.D. Wilcock. 2012. Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: One of the most remarkable places on Earth. Oceanography 25(1):44–61, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.03.
Links from Mantle to Microbe at the Lau Integrated Study Site: Insights from a Back-Arc Spreading Center
Tivey, M.K., E. Becker, R. Beinart, C.R. Fisher, P.R. Girguis, C.H. Langmuir, P.J. Michael, and A.-L. Reysenbach. 2012. Links from mantle to microbe at the Lau Integrated Study Site: Insights from a back-arc spreading center. Oceanography 25(1):62–77, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.04.
Geodynamic Models of Melt Generation and Extraction at Mid-Ocean Ridges
Gregg, P.M., L.B. Hebert, L.G.J. Montési, and R.F. Katz. 2012. Geodynamic models of melt generation and extraction at mid-ocean ridges. Oceanography 25(1):78–88, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.05.
Lava Geochemistry as a Probe into Crustal Formation at the East Pacific Rise
Perfit, M.R., V.D. Wanless, W.I. Ridley, E.M. Klein, M.C. Smith, A.R. Goss, J.S. Hinds, S.W. Kutza, and D.J. Fornari. 2012. Lava geochemistry as a probe into crustal formation at the East Pacific Rise. Oceanography 25(1):89–93, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.06.
Active Long-Lived Faults Emerging Along Slow-Spreading Mid-Ocean Ridges
Smith, D.K., J. Escartín, H. Schouten, and J.R. Cann. 2012. Active long-lived faults emerging along slow-spreading mid-ocean ridges. Oceanography 25(1):94–99, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.07.
Recent Seismic Studies at the East Pacific Rise 8°20'–10°10'N and Endeavour Segment: Insights into Mid-Ocean Ridge Hydrothermal and Magmatic Processes
Carbotte, S.M., J.P. Canales, M.R. Nedimović, H. Carton, and J.C. Mutter. 2012. Recent seismic studies at the East Pacific Rise 8°20’–10°10’N and Endeavour Segment: Insights into mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal and magmatic processes. Oceanography 25(1):100–112, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.08.
Recent Advances in Multichannel Seismic Imaging for Academic Research in Deep Oceanic Environments
Canales, J.P., H. Carton, J.C. Mutter, A. Harding, S.M. Carbotte, and M.R. Nedimović. 2012. Recent advances in multichannel seismic imaging for academic research in deep oceanic environments. Oceanography 25(1):113–115, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.09.
Hydroacoustic Monitoring of Oceanic Spreading Centers: Past, Present, and Future
Dziak, R.P., D.R. Bohnenstiehl, and D.K. Smith. 2012. Hydroacoustic monitoring of oceanic spreading centers: Past, present, and future. Oceanography 25(1):116–127, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.10.
Hydrothermal Discharge During Submarine Eruptions: The Importance of Detection, Response, and New Technology
Baker, E.T., W.W. Chadwick Jr., J.P. Cowen, R.P. Dziak, K.H. Rubin, and D.J. Fornari. 2012. Hydrothermal discharge during submarine eruptions: The importance of detection, response, and new technology. Oceanography 25(1):128–141, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.11.
Volcanic Eruptions in the Deep Sea
Rubin, K.H., S.A. Soule, W.W. Chadwick Jr., D.J. Fornari, D.A. Clague, R.W. Embley, E.T. Baker, M.R. Perfit, D.W. Caress, and R.P. Dziak. 2012. Volcanic eruptions in the deep sea. Oceanography 25(1):142–157, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.12.
A Vent-Field-Scale Model of the East Pacific Rise 9°50'N Magma-Hydrothermal System
Lowell, R.P., A. Farough, L.N. Germanovich, L.B. Hebert, and R. Horne. 2012. A vent-field-scale model of the East Pacific Rise 9°50’N magma-hydrothermal system. Oceanography 25(1):158–167, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.13.
Measurements and Models of Heat Flux and Plumes from Hydrothermal Discharges Near the Deep Seafloor
Di Iorio, D., J.W. Lavelle, P.A. Rona, K. Bemis, G. Xu, L.N. Germanovich, R.P. Lowell, and G. Genc. 2012. Measurements and models of heat flux and plumes from hydrothermal discharges near the deep seafloor. Oceanography 25(1):168–179, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.14.
Turbulence Observations in a Buoyant Hydrothermal Plume on the East Pacific Rise
Thurnherr, A.M., and L.C. St. Laurent. 2012. Turbulence observations in a buoyant hydrothermal plume on the East Pacific Rise. Oceanography 25(1):180–181, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.15.
Diffuse Flow On and Around Hydrothermal Vents at Mid-Ocean Ridges
Bemis, K., R.P. Lowell, and A. Farough. 2012. Diffuse flow on and around hydrothermal vents at mid-ocean ridges. Oceanography 25(1):182–191, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.16.
Low-Temperature Hydrothermal Plumes in the Near-Bottom Boundary Layer at Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge
Hautala, S., H.P. Johnson, M. Pruis, I. García-Berdeal, and T. Bjorklund. 2012. Low-temperature hydrothermal plumes in the near-bottom boundary layer at Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Oceanography 25(1):192–195, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.17.
Biogeochemical Processes at Hydrothermal Vents: Microbes and Minerals, Bioenergetics, and Carbon Fluxes
Holden, J.F., J.A. Breier, K.L. Rogers, M.D. Schulte, and B.M. Toner. 2012. Biogeochemical processes at hydrothermal vents: Microbes and minerals, bioenergetics, and carbon fluxes. Oceanography 25(1):196–208, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.18.
Measuring the Form of Iron in Hydrothermal Plume Particles
Toner, B.M., M.A. Marcus, K.J. Edwards, O. Rouxel, and C.R. German. 2012. Measuring the form of iron in hydrothermal plume particles. Oceanography 25(1):209–212, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.19.
On the Potential for Bioenergy and Biofuels from Hydrothermal Vent Microbes
Girguis, P.R., and J.F. Holden. 2012. On the potential for bioenergy and biofuels from hydrothermal vent microbes. Oceanography 25(1):213–217, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.20.
Chemoautotrophy at Deep-Sea Vents: Past, Present, and Future
Sievert, S.M., and C. Vetriani. 2012. Chemoautotrophy at deep-sea vents: Past, present, and future. Oceanography 25(1):218–233, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.21.
Chemistry, Temperature, and Faunal Distributions at Diffuse-Flow Hydrothermal Vents: Comparison of Two Geologically Distinct Ridge Systems
Luther, G.W. III, A. Gartman, M. Yücel, A.S. Madison, T.S. Moore, H.A. Nees, D.B. Nuzzio, A. Sen, R.A. Lutz, T.M. Shank, and C.R. Fisher. 2012. Chemistry, temperature, and faunal distributions at diffuse-flow hydrothermal vents: Comparison of two geologically distinct ridge systems. Oceanography 25(1):234–245, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.22.
Energy Transfer Through Food Webs at Hydrothermal Vents: Linking the Lithosphere to the Biosphere
Govenar, B. 2012. Energy transfer through food webs at hydrothermal vents: Linking the lithosphere to the biosphere. Oceanography 25(1):246–255, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.23.
Larval Dispersal: Vent Life in the Water Column
Adams, D.K., S.M. Arellano, and B. Govenar. 2012. Larval dispersal: Vent life in the water column. Oceanography 25(1):256–268, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.24.
Estimating Zooplankton Biomass Distribution in the Water Column Near the Endeavour Segment of Juan de Fuca Ridge Using Acoustic Backscatter and Concurrently Towed Nets
Burd, B.J., and R.E. Thomson. 2012. Estimating zooplankton biomass distribution in the water column near the Endeavour Segment of Juan de Fuca Ridge using acoustic backscatter and concurrently towed nets. Oceanography 25(1):269–276, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.25.
The Prediction, Verification, and Significance of Flank Jets at Mid-Ocean Ridges
Lavelle, J.W., A.M. Thurnherr, L.S. Mullineaux, D.J. McGillicuddy Jr., and J.R. Ledwell. 2012. The prediction, verification, and significance of flank jets at mid-ocean ridges. Oceanography 25(1):277–283, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.26.
The Lau Basin Float Experiment (LAUB-FLEX)
Speer, K., and A.M. Thurnherr. 2012. The Lau Basin Float Experiment (LAUB-FLEX). Oceanography 25(1):284–285, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.27.
Bringing Mid-Ocean Ridge Discoveries to Audiences Far and Wide: Emerging Trends for the Next Generation
Goehring, L., V. Robigou, and K. Ellins. 2012. Bringing mid-ocean ridge discoveries to audiences far and wide: Emerging trends for the next generation. Oceanography 25(1):286–298, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.28.
QUARTERDECK • Roots
Kappel, E.S. 2012. Quarterdeck: Roots. Oceanography 25(1):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.29.
FROM THE PRESIDENT • Extolling the Benefits of Ocean Science
Roman, M. 2012. From the President: Extolling the benefits of ocean science. Oceanography 25(1):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.30.
RIPPLE MARKS • A River Raged Through It: Through the Lens of Vermont’s In-Sight Photography Project, A Confluence of Art and Science
Dybas, C.L. 2012. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 25(1):8–11, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.31.
THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Doing More With Less
Garrison, T. 2012. The oceanography classroom: Doing more with less. Oceanography 25(1):299–300, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.32.
BOOK REVIEW • Ocean Acidification
Doney, S.C. 2012. Review of Ocean Acidification, edited by J.-P. Gattuso and L. Hansson. Oceanography 25(1):301–303, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.33.
BOOK REVIEW • Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems
Parrish, C.C. 2012. Review of Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems, by T.S. Bianchi and E.A. Canuel. Oceanography 25(1):304–305, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.34.
BOOK REVIEW • Shifting Baselines: The Past and the Future of Ocean Fisheries
Hobday, A.J. 2012. Review of Shifting Baselines: The Past and the Future of Ocean Fisheries, edited by J.B.C. Jackson, K. Alexander, and E. Sala. Oceanography 25(1):306–308, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.35.
CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2012. Oceanography 25(1):309–312.
OCEAN POLICY • Hydrothermal Vent Ecosystems and Conservation
Van Dover, C.L. 2012. Ocean policy: Hydrothermal vent ecosystems and conservation. Oceanography 25(1):313–316, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.36.
Special Issue Guest Editors
Daniel J. Fornari, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Stace E. Beauliu, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
James F. Holden, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Lauren S. Mullineaux, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Maya Tolstoy, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the Ridge 2000 Program Office at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution through a grant from the National Science Foundation, Ocean Sciences Division.