Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 34 | Number 2 | June 2021

Special Issue on the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network: An Observing System for Life in the Sea

On the Cover: Ray Troll’s rendition of life in the sea colorized by Grace Freeman. Originally featured in the 1994 book, Planet Ocean: A Story of Life, the Sea and Dancing to the Fossil Record, by Bradford Matson and Ray Troll, Ten Speed Press, 133 pp.
Cover PDF
Volume 34 Issue 02

INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL ISSUE • MBON—Marine Biodiversity Observation Network: An Observing System for Life in the Sea
Chavez, F.P., R.J. Miller, F.E. Muller-Karger, K. Iken, G. Canonico, K. Egan, J. Price, and W. Turner. 2021. MBON—Marine Biodiversity Observation Network: An observing system for life in the sea. Oceanography 34(2):12–15, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.211.

Pelagic Biodiversity, Ecosystem Function, and Services: An Integrated Observing and Modeling Approach
Santora, J.A., I.D. Schroeder, S.J. Bograd, F.P. Chavez, M.A. Cimino, J. Fiechter, E.L. Hazen, M.T. Kavanaugh, M. Messié, R.R. Miller, K.M. Sakuma, W.J. Sydeman, B.K. Wells, and J.C. Field. 2021. Pelagic biodiversity, ecosystem function, and services: An integrated observing and modeling approach. Oceanography 34(2):16–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.212.

Changes in Diversity and Species Composition Across Multiple Assemblages in the eastern Chukchi Sea During Two Contrasting Years are Consistent with Borealization
Mueter, F.J., K. Iken, L.W. Cooper, J.M. Grebmeier, K.J. Kuletz, R.R. Hopcroft, S.L. Danielson, R.E. Collins, and D.A. Cushing. 2021. Changes in diversity and species composition across multiple assemblages in the eastern Chukchi Sea during two contrasting years are consistent with borealization. Oceanography 34(2):38–51, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.213.

Reef-Fish Abundance, Biomass, and Biodiversity Inside and Outside No-Take Marine Zones in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: 1999–2018
Medina, M., C. Estes, B. Best, C.D. Stallings, E. Montes, L.G. McEachron, and F.E. Muller-Karger. 2021. Reef-fish abundance, biomass, and biodiversity inside and outside no-take marine zones in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: 1999–2018. Oceanography 34(2):52–61, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.214.

Satellite Remote Sensing and the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network: Current Science and Future Steps
Kavanaugh, M.T., T. Bell, D. Catlett, M.A. Cimino, S.C. Doney, W. Klajbor, M. Messié, E. Montes, F.E. Muller-Karger, D. Otis, J.A. Santora, I.D. Schroeder, J. Triñanes, and D.A. Siegel. 2021. Satellite remote sensing and the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network: Current science and future steps. Oceanography 34(2):62–79, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.215.

Optimizing Large-Scale Biodiversity Sampling Effort: Toward an Unbalanced Survey Design
Montes, E., J.S. Lefcheck, E. Guerra-Castro, E. Klein, M.T. Kavanaugh, A.C.A. Mazzuco, G. Bigatti, C.A.M.M. Cordeiro, N. Simoes, E.C. Macaya, N. Moity, E. Londoño-Cruz, B. Helmuth, F. Choi, E.H. Soto, P. Miloslavich, and F.E. Muller-Karger. 2021. Optimizing large-scale biodiversity sampling effort: Toward an unbalanced survey design. Oceanography 34(2):80–91, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.216.

Species Archetype Models of Kelp Forest Communities Reveal Diverse Responses to Environmental Gradients
Rognstad, R.L., A. Rassweiler, D.C. Reed, L. Kui, and R.J. Miller. 2021. Species archetype models of kelp forest communities reveal diverse responses to environmental gradients. Oceanography 34(2):92–101, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.217.

Observing Life in the Sea Using Environmental DNA
Chavez, F.P., M. Min, K. Pitz, N. Truelove, J. Baker, D. LaScala-Grunewald, M. Blum, K. Walz, C. Nye, A. Djurhuus, R.J. Miller, K.D. Goodwin, F.E. Muller-Karger, H.A. Ruhl, and C.A. Scholin. 2021. Observing life in the sea using environmental DNA. Oceanography 34(2):102–119, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.218.

A Global Ecological Classification of Coastal Segment Units to Complement Marine Biodiversity Observation Network Assessments
Sayre, R., K. Butler, K. Van Graafeiland, S. Breyer, D. Wright, C. Frye, D. Karagulle, M. Martin, J. Cress, T. Allen, R.J. Allee, R. Parsons, B. Nyberg, M.J. Costello, P. Harris, and F.E. Muller-Karger. 2021. A global ecological classification of coastal segment units to complement Marine Biodiversity Observation Network assessments. Oceanography 34(2):120–129, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.219.

Data Management and Interactive Visualizations for the Evolving Marine Biodiversity Observation Network
Benson, A., T. Murray, G. Canonico, E. Montes, F. Muller-Karger, M.T. Kavanaugh, J. Trinanes, and L.M. deWitt. 2021. Data management and interactive visualizations for the evolving Marine Biodiversity Observation Network (MBON). Oceanography 34(2):130–141, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.220.

Integrating Biodiversity and Environmental Observations in Support of National Marine Sanctuary and Large Marine Ecosystem Assessments
Ruhl, H.A., J.A. Brown, A.R. Harper, E.L. Hazen, L. deWitt, P. Daniel, A. DeVogelaere, R.M. Kudela, J.P. Ryan, A.D. Fischer, F.E. Muller-Karger, and F.P. Chavez. 2021. Integrating biodiversity and environmental observations in support of national marine sanctuary and large marine ecosystem assessments. Oceanography 34(2):142–155, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.221.


Implosion in the Challenger Deep: Echo Sounding with the Shock Wave
Loranger, S., D. Barclay, and M. Buckingham. 2021. Implosion in the Challenger Deep: Echo sounding with the shock wave. Oceanography 34(2):156–165, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.201.

Surface Wave Breaking Caused by Internal Solitary Waves: Effects on Radar Backscattering Measured by SAR and Radar Altimeter
Magalhães, J.M., W. Alpers, A.M. Santos-Ferreira, and J.C.B. da Silva. 2021. Surface wave breaking caused by internal solitary waves: Effects on radar backscattering measured by SAR and radar altimeter. Oceanography 34(2):166–176, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.203.


QUARTERDECK • Changing Workplace Concepts
Kappel, E. 2021. Changing workplace concepts. Oceanography 34(2):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.206.

FROM THE TOS JEDI COMMITTEE • A Short Glossary of Inclusive Language
Craig, S.E., and E. Bhatt. 2021. A short glossary of inclusive language. Oceanography 34(2):6–9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.207.

RIPPLE MARKS • Coralporosis: Ocean Acidification Leaves Deep-Sea Coral Reefs at Risk of Collapse
Dybas, C. 2021. Coralporosis: Ocean acidification leaves deep-sea coral reefs at risk of collapse. Oceanography 34(2):10–11, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.205.

DIY OCEANOGRAPHY • A Simple and Inexpensive Method for Manipulating Dissolved Oxygen in the Lab
Gadeken, K.J., and K.M. Dorgan. 2021. A simple and inexpensive method for manipulating dissolved oxygen in the lab. Oceanography 34(2):177–183, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.202.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Diversifying the Ocean Sciences: Thoughts on the Challenge Ahead
Garza, C. 2021. Diversifying the ocean sciences: Thoughts on the challenge ahead. Oceanography 34(2):184–185, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.204.

White, M. 2021. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 34(2):186–187, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.208.

Segarra, K. 2021. Career profiles—Options and insights. Oceanography 34(2):187–188, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2021.209.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Francisco P. Chavez, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute 
Robert J. Miller, University of California Santa Barbara
Katrin Iken, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Frank E. Muller-Karger, University of South Florida