Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 25 | Number 3 | September 2012

Special Issue: Antarctic Oceanography in a Changing World

On the Cover: FRONT COVER: The photo of Antarctic Research and Supply Vessel Laurence M. Gould (left) and Research Vessel Icebreaker Nathaniel B. Palmer (right) was taken during the 2002 austral winter cruise of the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) program, near Adelaide Island in the western Antarctic Peninsula. The Southern Ocean winter field program required both ships. The Palmer would put the Gould into a situation such that the vessel would be stuck in the ice for about a week so that the shipboard scientists could carry out process studies, while scientists on the Palmer went on to carry out large-scale synoptic surveys. The ships were together as in this photo for only a few hours. The photographer, Dan Costa, had to walk onto the sea ice to get this vantage point. BACK COVER: Extent of US Antarctic oceanography based on the historical cruise tracks of RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer (red) and ARSV Laurence M. Gould (blue).
Cover PDF
Volume 25 Issue 03

SIDEBAR • CO2 Transport in Deep Waters Off Wilkes Land
By Taro Takahashi and David W. Chipman

The Changing Carbon Cycle in the Southern Ocean
By Taro Takahashi , Colm Sweeney , Burke Hales, David W. Chipman, Timothy Newberger, John G. Goddard, Richard A. Iannuzzi , and Stewart C. Sutherland

SIDEBAR • Islands of Ice: Influence of Free-Drifting Antarctic Icebergs on Pelagic Marine Ecosystems
By Maria Vernet , Kenneth L. Smith Jr. , Adrián O. Cefarelli , John J. Helly, Ronald S. Kaufmann, Hai Lin, David G. Long , Alison E. Murray , Bruce H. Robison, Henry A. Ruhl, Timothy J. Shaw , Alana D. Sherman, Janet Sprintall , Gordon R. Stephenson Jr. , Keith M. Stuart, and Benjamin S. Twining

ASPIRE: The Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition
By Patricia L. Yager, Robert M. Sherrell , Sharon E. Stammerjohn , Anne-Carlijn Alderkamp, Oscar Schofield , E. Povl Abrahamsen, Kevin R. Arrigo, Stefan Bertilsson, D. Lollie Garay , Raul Guerrero, Kate E. Lowry, Per-Olav Moksnes, Kuria Ndungu , Anton F. Post , Evan Randall-Goodwin, Lasse Riemann , Silke Severmann, Sven Thatje, Gert L. van Dijken, and Stephanie Wilson

Two Decades of Pelagic Ecology of the Western Antarctic Peninsula
By Deborah K. Steinberg , Douglas G. Martinson , and Daniel P. Costa

SIDEBAR • The Southern Ocean Observing System
By Stephen R. Rintoul , Michael P. Meredith , Oscar Schofield, and Louise Newman

What Lies Beneath? Interdisciplinary Outcomes of the ANDRILL Coulman High Project Site Surveys on the Ross Ice Shelf
By Frank R. Rack, Robert (Bob) Zook , Richard H. Levy, Richard Limeburner, Craig Stewart , Michael J.M. Williams , Bruce Luyendyk , and The ANDRILL Coulman High Project Site Survey Team

The Ross Sea in a Sea of Change
By Walker O. Smith Jr., Peter N. Sedwick, Kevin R. Arrigo , David G. Ainley , and Alejandro H. Orsi

SIDEBAR • Diving for the Sedimentary Record of Multiyear Sea Ice
By Molly Fritz Miller , Samuel S. Bowser, and Sally E. Walker

SIDEBAR • Letting Penguins Lead: Dynamic Modeling of Penguin Locations Guides Autonomous Robotic Sampling
By Matthew J. Oliver , Mark A. Moline, Ian Robbins , William Fraser , Donna Patterson, and Oscar Schofield

Bioactive Trace Metal Distributions and Biogeochemical Controls in the Southern Ocean
By Christopher I. Measures , Mariko Hatta , and Maxime M. Grand

SIDEBAR • cDrake: Dynamics and Transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage
By Teresa K. Chereskin, Kathleen A. Donohue, and D. Randolph Watts

Seeing the Seafloor: Discoveries of the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer Multibeam Systems
By Frank O. Nitsche , Julia S. Wellner , Philip Bart , Suzanne O’Hara , and Kathleen Gavahan

Antarctic Sea Ice—A Polar Opposite?
By Ted Maksym, Sharon E. Stammerjohn, Stephen Ackley, and Rob Massom

The Amundsen Sea and the Antarctic Ice Sheet
By Stan Jacobs , Adrian Jenkins, Hartmut Hellmer , Claudia Giulivi , Frank Nitsche, Bruce Huber , and Raul Guerrero

SIDEBAR • Sub-Antarctic and High Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes: Ecology and Adaptational Biology Revealed by the ICEFISH 2004 Cruise of RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
By H. William Detrich III , Bradley A. Buckley, Daniel F. Doolittle, Christopher D. Jones, and Susanne J. Lockhart

Pelagic-Benthic Coupling, Food Banks, and Climate Change on the West Antarctic Peninsula Shelf
By Craig R. Smith , David J. DeMaster, Carrie J. Thomas , Pavica Sršen , Laura Grange , Victor Evrard , and Fabio DeLeo

SIDEBAR • Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Exploration of the Ocean Cavity Beneath an Antarctic Ice Shelf
By Adrian Jenkins , Pierre Dutrieux, Stan Jacobs, Steve McPhail, James Perrett, Andy Webb, and Dave White

A New US Polar Research Vessel for the Twenty-First Century
By Robert B. Dunbar, Jon Alberts , Carin Ashjian, Vernon Asper , Dale Chayes, Eugene Domack, Hugh Ducklow , Bruce Huber, Lawrence Lawver, Daniel Oliver , Doug Russell , Craig R. Smith, and Maria Vernet


Recent Arctic Climate Change and Its Remote Forcing of Northwest Atlantic Shelf Ecosystems
By Charles H. Greene, Bruce C. Monger , Louise P. McGarry, Matthew D. Connelly , Neesha R. Schnepf , Andrew J. Pershing, Igor M. Belkin , Paula S. Fratantoni , David G. Mountain, Robert S. Pickart , Rubao Ji , James J. Bisagni , Changsheng Chen , Sirpa M.A. Hakkinen , Dale B. Haidvogel , Jia Wang , Erica Head , Peter Smith , and Alessandra Conversi

Exploration of the Deep-Sea Fauna of Papua New Guinea
By Eric Pante, Laure Corbari , Justine Thubaut , Tin-Yam Chan , Ralph Mana , Marie-Catherine Boisselier , Philippe Bouchet , and Sarah Samadi

Special Issue Guest Editors

Hugh Ducklow, Marine Biological Laboratory
Alejandro H. Orsi, Texas A&M University
Julia S. Wellner, University of Houston


Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the US National Science Foundation.