Volume 25 | Number 3 | September 2012
Special Issue: Antarctic Oceanography in a Changing World
On the Cover: FRONT COVER: The photo of Antarctic Research and Supply Vessel Laurence M. Gould (left) and Research Vessel Icebreaker Nathaniel B. Palmer (right) was taken during the 2002 austral winter cruise of the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) program, near Adelaide Island in the western Antarctic Peninsula. The Southern Ocean winter field program required both ships. The Palmer would put the Gould into a situation such that the vessel would be stuck in the ice for about a week so that the shipboard scientists could carry out process studies, while scientists on the Palmer went on to carry out large-scale synoptic surveys. The ships were together as in this photo for only a few hours. The photographer, Dan Costa, had to walk onto the sea ice to get this vantage point. BACK COVER: Extent of US Antarctic oceanography based on the historical cruise tracks of RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer (red) and ARSV Laurence M. Gould (blue).
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES
FROM THE GUEST EDITORS • Introduction to the Special Issue on Antarctic Oceanography in a Changing World
Ducklow, H., A. Orsi, and J.S. Wellner. 2012. Introduction to the special issue on Antarctic oceanography in a changing world. Oceanography 25(3):14–17, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.68.
Circumpolar View of the Southern Ocean from 1962 to 1992
Gordon, A.L. 2012. Circumpolar view of the Southern Ocean from 1962 to 1992. Oceanography 25(3):18–23, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.69.
SIDEBAR • CO2 Transport in Deep Waters Off Wilkes Land
Takahashi, T., and D.W. Chipman. 2012. CO2 transport in deep waters off Wilkes Land. Oceanography 25(3):24–25, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.70.
The Changing Carbon Cycle in the Southern Ocean
Takahashi, T., C. Sweeney, B. Hales, D.W. Chipman, T. Newberger, J.G. Goddard, R.A. Iannuzzi, and S.C. Sutherland. 2012. The changing carbon cycle in the Southern Ocean. Oceanography 25(3):26–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.71.
SIDEBAR • Islands of Ice: Influence of Free-Drifting Antarctic Icebergs on Pelagic Marine Ecosystems
Vernet, M., K.L. Smith Jr., A.O. Cefarelli, J.J. Helly, R.S. Kaufmann, H. Lin, D.G. Long, A.E. Murray, B.H. Robison, H.A. Ruhl, T.J. Shaw, A.D. Sherman, J. Sprintall, G.R. Stephenson Jr., K.M. Stuart, and B.S. Twining. 2012. Islands of ice: Influence of free-drifting Antarctic icebergs on pelagic marine ecosystems. Oceanography 25(3):38–39, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.72.
ASPIRE: The Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition
Yager, P.L., R.M. Sherrell, S.E. Stammerjohn, A.-C. Alderkamp, O. Schofield, E.P. Abrahamsen, K.R. Arrigo, S. Bertilsson, D.L. Garay, R. Guerrero, K.E. Lowry, P.-O. Moksnes, K. Ndungu, A.F. Post, E. Randall-Goodwin, L. Riemann, S. Severmann, S. Thatje, G.L. van Dijken, and S. Wilson. 2012. ASPIRE: The Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition. Oceanography 25(3):40–53, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.73.
SIDEBAR • Sixty-Four Days of Hydrography and Storms: RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer's 2011 S04P Cruise
Swift, J.H., and A.H. Orsi. 2012. Sixty-four days of hydrography and storms: RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer’s 2011 S04P Cruise. Oceanography 25(3):54–55, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.74.
Two Decades of Pelagic Ecology of the Western Antarctic Peninsula
Steinberg, D.K., D.G. Martinson, and D.P. Costa. 2012. Two decades of pelagic ecology of the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Oceanography 25(3):56–67, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.75.
SIDEBAR • The Southern Ocean Observing System
Rintoul, S.R., M.P. Meredith, O. Schofield, and L. Newman. 2012. The Southern Ocean Observing System. Oceanography 25(3):68–69, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.76.
High-Resolution Underway Upper Ocean and Surface Atmospheric Observations in Drake Passage: Synergistic Measurements for Climate Science
Sprintall, J., T.K. Chereskin, and C. Sweeney. 2012. High-resolution underway upper ocean and surface atmospheric observations in Drake Passage: Synergistic measurements for climate science. Oceanography 25(3):70–81, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.77.
SIDEBAR • SHALDRIL I and II: Drilling from the Research Vessel Icebreaker Nathaniel B. Palmer
Anderson, J.B., and J.S. Wellner. 2012. SHALDRIL I and II: Drilling from the Research Vessel Icebreaker Nathaniel B. Palmer. Oceanography 25(3):82–83, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.78.
What Lies Beneath? Interdisciplinary Outcomes of the ANDRILL Coulman High Project Site Surveys on the Ross Ice Shelf
Rack, F.R., R. Zook, R.H. Levy, R. Limeburner, C. Stewart, M.J.M. Williams, B. Luyendyk, and the ANDRILL Coulman High Project Site Survey Team. 2012. What lies beneath? Interdisciplinary outcomes of the ANDRILL Coulman High Project site surveys on the Ross Ice Shelf. Oceanography 25(3):84–89, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.79.
The Ross Sea in a Sea of Change
Smith, W.O. Jr., P.N. Sedwick, K.R. Arrigo, D.G. Ainley, and A.H. Orsi. 2012. The Ross Sea in a sea of change. Oceanography 25(3):90–103, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.80.
SIDEBAR • Listening to Glaciers: Passive Hydroacoustics Near Marine-Terminating Glaciers
Pettit, E.C., J.A. Nystuen, and S. O’Neel. 2012. Listening to glaciers: Passive hydroacoustics near marine-terminating glaciers. Oceanography 25(3):104–105, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.81.
Southern Exposure: New Paleoclimate Insights From Southern Ocean and Antarctic Margin Sediments
Shevenell, A.E., and S.M. Bohaty. 2012. Southern exposure: New paleoclimate insights from Southern Ocean and Antarctic margin sediments. Oceanography 25(3):106–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.82.
SIDEBAR • Diving for the Sedimentary Record of Multiyear Sea Ice
Miller, M.F., S.S. Bowser, and S.E. Walker. 2012. Diving for the sedimentary record of multiyear sea ice. Oceanography 25(3):118–119, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.83.
SIDEBAR • Letting Penguins Lead: Dynamic Modeling of Penguin Locations Guides Autonomous Robotic Sampling
Oliver, M.J., M.A. Moline, I. Robbins, W. Fraser, D. Patterson, and O. Schofield. 2012. Letting penguins lead: Dynamic modeling of penguin locations guides autonomous robotic sampling. Oceanography 25(3):120–121, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.84.
Bioactive Trace Metal Distributions and Biogeochemical Controls in the Southern Ocean
Measures, C.I., M. Hatta, and M.M. Grand. 2012. Bioactive trace metal distributions and biogeochemical controls in the Southern Ocean. Oceanography 25(3):122–133, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.85.
SIDEBAR • cDrake: Dynamics and Transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage
Chereskin, T.K., K.A. Donohue, and D.R. Watts. 2012. cDrake: Dynamics and transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage. Oceanography 25(3):134–135, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.86.
Seeing the Seafloor: Discoveries of the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer Multibeam Systems
Nitsche, F.O., J.S. Wellner, P. Bart, S. O’Hara, and K. Gavahan. 2012. Seeing the seafloor: Discoveries of the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer multibeam systems. Oceanography 25(3):136–139, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.87.
Antarctic Sea Ice—A Polar Opposite?
Maksym, T., S.E. Stammerjohn, S. Ackley, and R. Massom. 2012. Antarctic sea ice—A polar opposite? Oceanography 25(3):140–151, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.88.
SIDEBAR • Radiocarbon Measurements in the Indian Ocean Aboard RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Key, R.M., and A. McNichol. 2012. Radiocarbon measurements in the Indian Ocean aboard RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer. Oceanography 25(3):152–153, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.89.
The Amundsen Sea and the Antarctic Ice Sheet
Jacobs, S., A. Jenkins, H. Hellmer, C. Giulivi, F. Nitsche, B. Huber, and R. Guerrero. 2012. The Amundsen Sea and the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Oceanography 25(3):154–163, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.90.
SIDEBAR • Improving the Quality and Accessibility of Current Profile Measurements in the Southern Ocean
Firing, E., J.M. Hummon, and T.K. Chereskin. 2012. Improving the quality and accessibility of current profile measurements in the Southern Ocean. Oceanography 25(3):164–165, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.91.
Glacial Intensification During the Neogene: A Review of Seismic Stratigraphic Evidence from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, Continental Shelf
Bart, P.J., and L. De Santis. 2012. Glacial intensification during the Neogene: A review of seismic stratigraphic evidence from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, continental shelf. Oceanography 25(3):166–183, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.92.
SIDEBAR • Sub-Antarctic and High Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes: Ecology and Adaptational Biology Revealed by the ICEFISH 2004 Cruise of RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer
Detrich, H.W. III, B.A. Buckley, D.F. Doolittle, C.D. Jones, and S.J. Lockhart. 2012. Sub-Antarctic and high Antarctic notothenioid fishes: Ecology and adaptational biology revealed by the ICEFISH 2004 cruise of RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer. Oceanography 25(3):184–187, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.93.
Pelagic-Benthic Coupling, Food Banks, and Climate Change on the West Antarctic Peninsula Shelf
Smith, C.R., D.J. DeMaster, C. Thomas, P. Sršen, L. Grange, V. Evrard, and F. DeLeo. 2012. Pelagic-benthic coupling, food banks, and climate change on the West Antarctic Peninsula Shelf. Oceanography 25(3):188–201, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.94.
SIDEBAR • Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Exploration of the Ocean Cavity Beneath an Antarctic Ice Shelf
Jenkins, A., P. Dutrieux, S. Jacobs, S. McPhail, J. Perrett, A. Webb, and D. White. 2012. Autonomous underwater vehicle exploration of the ocean cavity beneath an Antarctic ice shelf. Oceanography 25(3):202–203, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.95.
A New US Polar Research Vessel for the Twenty-First Century
Dunbar, R.B., J. Alberts, C. Ashjian, V. Asper, D. Chayes, E. Domack, H. Ducklow, B. Huber, L. Lawver, D. Oliver, D. Russell, C.R. Smith, and M. Vernet. 2012. A new US polar research vessel for the twenty-first century. Oceanography 25(3):204–207, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.96.
REGULAR ISSUE FEATURES
Recent Arctic Climate Change and Its Remote Forcing of Northwest Atlantic Shelf Ecosystems
MERCINA Working Group. 2012. Recent Arctic climate change and its remote forcing of Northwest Atlantic shelf ecosystems. Oceanography 25(3):208–213, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.64.
Exploration of the Deep-Sea Fauna of Papua New Guinea
Pante, E., L. Corbari, J. Thubaut, T.-Y. Chan, R. Mana, M.-C. Boisselier, P. Bouchet, and S. Samadi. 2012. Exploration of the deep-sea fauna of Papua New Guinea. Oceanography 25(3):214–225, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.65.
QUARTERDECK • The Admiral: James D. Watkins, USN Ret.
Spinrad, R.W. 2012. Quarterdeck—The Admiral: James D. Watkins, USN Ret. Oceanography 25(3):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.97.
FROM THE PRESIDENT • Improving The Oceanography Society
Roman, M. 2012. From the President: Improving The Oceanography Society. Oceanography 25(3):9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.98.
RIPPLE MARKS • Moonstruck: A Celebration of Earth's Moon…From Under the Sea | At First- and Third-Quarter Moon, Grab Your Umbrella | Moon Phases: Visible In the Deep Sea…? | Sunset Sonata: Corals, The Moon, and "The Blue Pulse"
Dybas, C.L. 2012. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 25(3):10–13, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.99.
THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • Starting Thoughts…
Garrison, T. 2012. The oceangraphy classroom: Starting thoughts… Oceanography 25(3):226–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.100.
OCEAN POLICY • Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation to Sea Level Rise: Taking an Ecosystem-Based Approach
Alverson, K. 2012. Vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation to sea level rise: Taking an ecosystem-based approach. Oceanography 25(3):231–235, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.101.
CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2012. Oceanography 25(3):228–230.
Special Issue Guest Editors
Hugh Ducklow, Marine Biological Laboratory
Alejandro H. Orsi, Texas A&M University
Julia S. Wellner, University of Houston