Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 25 Issue 03

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Volume 25, No. 3
Pages 18 - 23

Circumpolar View of the Southern Ocean from 1962 to 1992

Arnold L. Gordon
Article Abstract

The 1962–1992 period spanning the research vessel Eltanin/Islas Orcadas expeditions to Ice Station Weddell, and the following World Ocean Circulation Experiment, may be viewed as the closing phase of an era of broad-based, circumpolar surveys of the Southern Ocean. Today’s investigations of the spatial and temporal dimensions of this complex ocean and its coupling to the climate system integrate observations from ships, aircraft, satellites, tethered instrumentation, and autonomous vehicles with numerical models. However, the adventure of obtaining Southern Ocean observations remains the same, requiring not just the right people and technology, but also special ships capable of working within the harsh Antarctic environment, where unknowns await discovery.

Citation

Gordon, A.L. 2012. Circumpolar view of the Southern Ocean from 1962 to 1992. Oceanography 25(3):18–23, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.69.

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