Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 27 | Number 2 | June 2014

Special Issue: Undersea Natural Hazards

On the Cover: Image snippets from articles in the special issue section depicting the four types of undersea natural hazards covered: earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, and volcanic eruptions. Further information about these images, including credits, can be found on the following pages: pp. 25 and 29 in Embley et al.; pp. 32 and 35 in Talling et al.; p. 49 in Watt et al.; p. 73 in Yalciner et al.; p. 83 in Necmioğlu and Özel.; p. 86 in Geist and Lynett.; p. 99 in Hori et al.; p. 112 in Wallace et al.; and p. 142 in Toomey et al.
Cover PDF
Volume 27 Issue 02

Eruption of South Sarigan Seamount, Northern Mariana Islands: Insights into Hazards from Submarine Volcanic Eruptions
Embley, R.W., Y. Tamura, S.G. Merle, T. Sato, O. Ishizuka, W.W. Chadwick Jr., D.A. Wiens, P. Shore, and R.J. Stern. 2014. Eruption of South Sarigan Seamount, Northern Mariana Islands: Insights into hazards from submarine volcanic eruptions. Oceanography 27(2):24–31, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.37.

Large Submarine Landslides on Continental Slopes: Geohazards, Methane Release, and Climate Change
Talling, P.J., M. Clare, M. Urlaub, E. Pope, J.E. Hunt, and S.F.L. Watt. 2014. Large submarine landslides on continental slopes: Geohazards, methane release, and climate change. Oceanography 27(2):32–45, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.38.

New Insights into the Emplacement Dynamics of Volcanic Island Landslides
Watt, S.F.L., P.J. Talling, and J.E. Hunt. 2014. New insights into the emplacement dynamics of volcanic island landslides. Oceanography 27(2):46–57, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.39.

Insights into Submarine Geohazards from Breaks in Subsea Telecommunication Cables
Carter, L., R. Gavey, P.J. Talling, and J.T. Liu. 2014. Insights into submarine geohazards from breaks in subsea telecommunication cables. Oceanography 27(2):58–67, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.40.

A Possible Submarine Landslide and Associated Tsunami at the Northwest Nile Delta, Mediterranean Sea
Yalciner, A.C., A. Zaytsev, B. Aytore, I. Insel, M. Heidarzadeh, R. Kian, and F. Imamura. 2014. A possible submarine landslide and associated tsunami at the Northwest Nile Delta, Mediterranean Sea. Oceanography 27(2):68–75, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.41.

An Earthquake Source Sensitivity Analysis for Tsunami Propagation in the Eastern Mediterranean
Necmioğlu, Ö., and N.M. Özel. 2014. An earthquake source sensitivity analysis for tsunami propagation in the Eastern Mediterranean. Oceanography 27(2):76–85, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.42.

Source Processes for the Probabilistic Assessment of Tsunami Hazards
Geist, E.L., and P.J. Lynett. 2014. Source processes for the probabilistic assessment of tsunami hazards. Oceanography 27(2):86–93, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.43.

A Forecasting Procedure for Plate Boundary Earthquakes Based on Sequential Data Assimilation
Hori, T., M. Hyodo, R. Nakata, S. Miyazaki, and Y. Kaneda. 2014. A forecasting procedure for plate boundary earthquakes based on sequential data assimilation. Oceanography 27(2):94–102, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.44.

SIDEBAR • DONET: A Real-Time Monitoring System for Megathrust Earthquakes and Tsunamis Around Southwestern Japan
Kaneda, Y. 2014. DONET: A real-time monitoring system for megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis around southwestern Japan. Oceanography 27(2):103, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.45.

Earthquake and Tsunami Potential of the Hikurangi Subduction Thrust, New Zealand: Insights from Paleoseismology, GPS, and Tsunami Modeling
Wallace, L.M., U.A. Cochran, W.L. Power, and K.J. Clark. 2014. Earthquake and tsunami potential of the Hikurangi subduction thrust, New Zealand: Insights from paleoseismology, GPS, and tsunami modeling. Oceanography 27(2):104–117, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.46.

Submarine Paleoseismology Along Populated Transform Boundaries: The Enriquillo-Plantain-Garden Fault, Canal du Sud, Haiti, and the North Anatolian Fault, Marmara Sea, Turkey
McHugh, C.M.G., L. Seeber, M.-H. Cormier, and M. Hornbach. 2014. Submarine paleoseismology along populated transform boundaries: The Enriquillo-Plantain-Garden Fault, Canal du Sud, Haiti, and the North Anatolian Fault, Marmara Sea, Turkey. Oceanography 27(2):118–131, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.47.

Investigation of the Huge Tsunami from the 2011 Tōhoku-Oki, Japan, Earthquake Using Ocean Floor Boreholes to the Fault Zone
Mori, J., F. Chester, E.E. Brodsky, and S. Kodaira. 2014. Investigation of the huge tsunami from the 2011 Tōhoku-Oki, Japan, earthquake using ocean floor boreholes to the fault zone. Oceanography 27(2):132–137, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.48.

The Cascadia Initiative: A Sea Change In Seismological Studies of Subduction Zones
Toomey, D.R., R.M. Allen, A.H. Barclay, S.W. Bell, P.D. Bromirski, R.L. Carlson, X. Chen, J.A. Collins, R.P. Dziak, B. Evers, D.W. Forsyth, P. Gerstoft, E.E.E. Hooft, D. Livelybrooks, J.A. Lodewyk, D.S. Luther, J.J. McGuire, S.Y. Schwartz, M. Tolstoy, A.M. Tréhu, M. Weirathmueller, and W.S.D. Wilcock. 2014. The Cascadia Initiative: A sea change in seismological studies of subduction zones. Oceanography 27(2):138–150, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.49.

SIDEBAR • Ocean Networks Canada: From Geohazards Research Laboratories to Smart Ocean Systems
Heesemann, M., T.L. Insua, M. Scherwath, S.K. Juniper, and K. Moran. 2014. Ocean Networks Canada: From geohazards research laboratories to Smart Ocean Systems. Oceanography 27(2):151–153, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.50.

Geohazards in the Western Ionian Sea: Insights from Non-Earthquake Signals Recorded by the NEMO-SN1 Seafloor Observatory
Sgroi, T., S. Monna, D. Embriaco, G. Giovanetti, G. Marinaro, and P. Favali. 2014. Geohazards in the Western Ionian Sea: Insights from non-earthquake signals recorded by the NEMO-SN1 seafloor observatory. Oceanography 27(2):154–166, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.51.

SIDEBAR • EMSO: A Distributed Infrastructure for Addressing Geohazards and Global Ocean Change
Best, M., P. Favali, L. Beranzoli, M. Cannat, N. Cagatay, J.J. Dañobeitia, E. Delory, H. de Stigter, B. Ferré, M. Gillooly, F. Grant, P.O.J. Hall, V. Lykousis, J. Mienert, J.M.A. de Miranda, G. Oaie, V. Radulescu, J.-F. Rolin, H. Ruhl, and C. Waldmann. 2014. EMSO: A distributed infrastructure for addressing geohazards and global ocean change. Oceanography 27(2):167–169, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.52.


Hovercraft as a Mobile Science Platform Over Sea Ice in the Arctic Ocean
Kristoffersen, Y., and J.K. Hall. 2014. Hovercraft as a mobile science platform over sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 27(2):170–179, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.33.

Multiplatform, Multidisciplinary Investigations of the Impacts of Modified Circumpolar Deep Water in the Ross Sea, Antarctica
Smith, W.O. Jr., K.T. Goetz, D.E. Kaufman, B.Y. Queste, V. Asper, D.P. Costa, M.S. Dinniman, M.A.M. Friedrichs, E.E. Hofmann, K.J. Heywood, J.M. Klinck, J.T. Kohut, and C.M. Lee. 2014. Multiplatform, multidisciplinary investigations of the impacts of Modified Circumpolar Deep Water in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Oceanography 27(2):180–185, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.36.

Real-Time Observations of the February 2010 Chile and March 2011 Japan Tsunamis Recorded in Honolulu by the Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System
Fiedler, J.W., M.A. McManus, M.S. Tomlinson, E.H. De Carlo, G.R. Pawlak, G.F. Steward, O.D. Nigro, R.E. Timmerman, P.S. Drupp, and C.E. Ostrander. 2014. Real-time observations of the February 2010 Chile and March 2011 Japan tsunamis recorded in Honolulu by the Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System. Oceanography 27(2):186–200, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.34.

Career Choices in Marine and Environmental Sciences: Navigating a Sea of Options
Böttjer, D., S.P. Jungbluth, R. Boiteau, B. Burkhardt, F. de Leo, and B.C. Bruno. 2014. Career choices in marine and environmental sciences: Navigating a sea of options. Oceanography 27(2):201–207, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.35.


The Contemporary Challenge of the Sea: Science, Society, and Sustainability
Karl, D.M. 2014. The contemporary challenge of the sea: Science, society, and sustainability. Oceanography 27(2):208–225, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.57.


QUARTERDECK • Undersea Natural Hazards
Kappel, E.S. 2014. Quarterdeck: Undersea natural hazards. Oceanography 27(2):5, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.53.

Tomczak, M. 2014. Letter to the editor. Oceanography 27(2):7, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.61.

FROM THE PRESIDENT • Seeking New Partners to Sustain and Enrich Our Future
Abbott, M.R. 2014. From the President: Seeking new partners to sustain and enrich our future. Oceanography 27(2):8, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.54.

RIPPLE MARKS • Here Be Oarfish—Sea Serpents Are Among Us
Dybas, C.L. 2014. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 27(2):10–13, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.55.

RIP CURRENT – NEWS IN OCEANOGRAPHY • Rapid Subsurface Ocean Warming in the Bay of Fundy as Measured by Free-Swimming Basking Sharks
Koopman, H.N., A.J. Westgate, Z.A. Siders, and L.B. Cahoon. 2014. Rapid subsurface ocean warming in the Bay of Fundy as measured by free-swimming basking sharks. Oceanography 27(2):14–16, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.32.

COMMENTARY • A Framework for a Marine Biodiversity Observing Network Within Changing Continental Shelf Seascapes
Muller-Karger, F.E., M.T. Kavanaugh, E. Montes, W.M. Balch, M. Breitbart, F.P. Chavez, S.C. Doney, E.M. Johns, R.M. Letelier, M.W. Lomas, H.M. Sosik, and A.E. White. 2014. A framework for a marine biodiversity observing network within changing continental shelf seascapes. Oceanography 27(2):18–23, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.56.

BOOK REVIEW • Marine Conservation: Science, Policy, and Management
Grassle, J.P. 2014. Review of Marine Conservation: Science, Policy, and Management, by G.C. Ray and J. McCormick-Ray. Oceanography 27(2):226–227, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.58.

BOOK REVIEW • The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms
Mydlarz, L.D. 2014. Review of The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms, by W.M. Goldberg. Oceanography 27(2):228–229, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.59.

CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2014. Oceanography 27(2):230–235.

THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM • A Public Perception of Our Ocean
Boxall, S. 2014. The oceanography classroom: A public perception of our ocean. Oceanography 27(2):236–238, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.60.

TOS NEWS • TOS Activities at the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting
TOS News: TOS activities at the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting. 2014. Oceanography 27(2):239.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Yoshihisa Shirayama, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Jason Chaytor, US Geological Survey
Yoshiyuki Kaneda, Nagoya University
Shuichi Kodaira, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology


Production of this issue of Oceanography was supported by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC).