Volume 29 | Number 3 | September 2016
Special Issue on GoMRI: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Ecosystem Science
On the Cover: [CENTER] Deepwater Horizon oil rig prior to the April 2010 accident. Source: National Commission of the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling [CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT] (1) Photo showing oil (brown blobs) inside a copepod nauplius of Parvocalanus crassirostris. Photo credit: Rodrigo Almeda (2) Jonathan Delgardio and Will Overholt (Georgia Institute of Technology) collect samples from a Pensacola Beach sand trench with oil layers. Photo credit: Markus Huettel (3) A chromatogram of oil that leaked from the Macondo well during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Each peak represents one of thousands of individual chemical compounds in the oil. Image courtesy of Bob Nelson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (4) Splash resulting from impact of a raindrop on a 400 µm oil slick. Image credit: David W. Murphy, Johns Hopkins University (5) Fishers offload yellowedge grouper from a fishing vessel near Tampa, Florida. Photo credit: Steve Saul (6) Ocean color satellite imagery and high-resolution circulation models were used to delineate possible phytoplankton blooms. Fieldwork is needed to confirm these phenomena. Image credit: Ocean Weather Laboratory (7) Researchers found sea pansies and lined sea stars when trawling offshore of the Chandeleur Islands. This spring 2015 survey is helping to document mid- and higher-level consumer diversity and abundance across the northern Gulf of Mexico. Photo courtesy of the Alabama Center for Ecological Resilience (8) Consortium for Advanced Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon in the Environment drifter trajectories in the Gulf of Mexico superimposed on Aviso surface currents. Image credit: Edward Ryan and Tamay Özgökmen, University of Miami (9) Coastal Waters Consortium (CWC) researchers mark study sites in a marsh. Photo credit: CWC Consortium
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES
Foreword to the GoMRI Special Issue
By Rita R. Colwell
Introduction to the Special Issue: An Overview of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative
Shepherd, J., D.S. Benoit, K.M. Halanych, M. Carron, R. Shaw, and C. Wilson. 2016. Introduction to the special issue: An overview of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative. Oceanography 29(3):26–32, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.58.
An Opportunity to Inform and Educate Through the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Outreach Efforts Surrounding the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
By Debra S. Benoit, Leigh A. Zimmermann, Katie H. Fillingham, Stephen H. Sempier , Nilde M. Dannreuther, Jarryl B. Ritchie, and Kenneth M. Halanych
Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: Engagement with Public Health, Risk Perception, and Risk Mitigation
By Burton Singer and Stephen H. Sempier
Chemical Composition of Macondo and Other Crude Oils and Compositional Alterations During Oil Spills
By Edward B. Overton, Terry L. Wade, Jagoš R. Radović, Buffy M. Meyer, M. Scott Miles, and Stephen R. Larter
How Do Oil, Gas, and Water Interact Near a Subsea Blowout?
By Scott A. Socolofsky, E. Eric Adams, Claire B. Paris, and Di Yang
Methods of Oil Detection in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
By Helen K. White, Robyn N. Conmy, Ian R. MacDonald , and Christopher M. Reddy
What Happened to All of the Oil?
By Uta Passow and Robert D. Hetland
Over What Area Did the Oil and Gas Spread During the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill?
By Tamay M. Özgökmen, Eric P. Chassignet, Clint N. Dawson , Dmitry Dukhovskoy, Gregg Jacobs, James Ledwell , Oscar Garcia-Pineda, Ian R. MacDonald, Steven L. Morey, Maria Josefina Olascoaga, Andrew C. Poje, Mark Reed, and Jørgen Skancke
The Role of Dispersants in Oil Spill Remediation: Fundamental Concepts, Rationale for Use, Fate, and Transport Issues
By Vijay John, Carol Arnosti, Jennifer Field, Elizabeth Kujawinski , and Alon McCormick
Marine Snow Sedimented Oil Released During the Deepwater Horizon Spill
By Uta Passow and Kai Ziervogel
Weathering of Oil Spilled in the Marine Environment
By Matthew A. Tarr , Phoebe Zito, Edward B. Overton, Gregory M. Olson, Puspa L. Adhikari, and Christopher M. Reddy
Responses of Microbial Communities to Hydrocarbon Exposures
By Samantha B. Joye, Sara Kleindienst, Jack A. Gilbert , Kim M. Handley, Pamela Weisenhorn, Will A. Overholt, and Joel E. Kostka
Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Coastal Marshes and Associated Organisms
By Nancy N. Rabalais and R. Eugene Turner
How Did the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Affect Coastal and Continental Shelf Ecosystems of the Gulf of Mexico?
By Steven A. Murawski , John W. Fleeger , William F. Patterson III , Chuanmin Hu, Kendra Daly, Isabel Romero, and Gerardo A. Toro-Farmer
Impact of Oil Spills on Marine Life in the Gulf of Mexico: Effects on Plankton, Nekton, and Deep-Sea Benthos
By Edward J. Buskey , Helen K. White , and Andrew J. Esbaugh
How Did the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Impact Deep-Sea Ecosystems?
By Charles R. Fisher, Paul A. Montagna, and Tracey T. Sutton
Seafood and Beach Safety in the Aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
By Robert Dickey and Markus Huettel
Synthesis and Crosscutting Topics of the GoMRI Special Issue
By John W. Farrington , Kathryn A. Burns , and Margaret S. Leinen
ROGER REVELLE COMMEMORATIVE LECTURE
QUARTERDECK • Silver Linings: Disasters Can Produce Good Science
By Ellen Kappel
COMMENTARY • True Colors of Oceanography: Guidelines for Effective and Accurate Colormap Selection
By Kristen M. Thyng, Chad A. Greene , Robert D. Hetland , Heather M. Zimmerle , and Steven F. DiMarco
COMMENTARY • Assessing Student Learning of Oceanography Concepts
By Leilani Arthurs
CAREER PROFILES • Options and Insights
Career profiles—Options and insights. 2016. Oceanography 29(3):229–232.
Special Issue Guest Editors
Debra S. Benoit, Nicholls State University
Kenneth M. Halanych, Auburn University
John Shepherd, University of Southampton
Richard Shaw, Louisiana State University
Chuck Wilson, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative