Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 09 | Number 1 | 1996

Marine Biological Diversity: A Special Issue Commemorating 25 Years of Science and Service by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

On the Cover: The whitemouth moray (Gymnothorax meleagris) exhibits classic posture as the Hawaiian cleaner wrasse (Labroides phthirophagus) removes its parasites on the reef at Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. These behaviors are coevolved and exemplify the complexity of species' interdependencies in marine environments. The cleaner wrasse has a restricted range and is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. The moray, by contrast, is among the most widespread of Indo-Pacific reef fishes, occurring from South and eastern Africa to Japan, Australia, Hawaii, French Polynesia. and east to the Galapagos Islands. It has been hypothesized that Indo-Pacific fishes with ranges spanning the island free "eastern Pacific biogeographic barrier" are those with exceptionally long lived pelagic stages or alternate forms of transport such as rafting. (Photo by Bruce C. Mundy, NMFS Southwest Fisheries Science Center Honolulu Laboratory.)
Cover PDF
Volume 09 Issue 01

The Central Role of Systematics in Marine Biodiversity Problems
By Michael Vecchione and Bruce B. Collette

The Importance of Systematics to Fisheries: Short Examples of the Important Role of Systematics to Fisheries Management
The Importance of Systematics to Fisheries: Short Examples of the Important Role of Systematics to Fisheries Management. 1996. Oceanography 9(1):46–49.

Management Strategies to Conserve Marine Biodiversity
By James A. Bohnsack and Jerald S. Ault

Coral Reefs and Biodiversity: A Critical and Threatened Relationship
By J.E. Maragos, M.P. Crosby , and J.W. McManus


BOOK REVIEW • Understanding Marine Biodiversity
Review of Understanding Marine Biodiversity. 1996. Oceanography 9(1):102–103.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Kathryn D. Sullivan, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration