Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society

Volume 09 | Number 1 | 1996

Marine Biological Diversity: A Special Issue Commemorating 25 Years of Science and Service by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

On the Cover: The whitemouth moray (Gymnothorax meleagris) exhibits classic posture as the Hawaiian cleaner wrasse (Labroides phthirophagus) removes its parasites on the reef at Hanauma Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. These behaviors are coevolved and exemplify the complexity of species' interdependencies in marine environments. The cleaner wrasse has a restricted range and is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. The moray, by contrast, is among the most widespread of Indo-Pacific reef fishes, occurring from South and eastern Africa to Japan, Australia, Hawaii, French Polynesia. and east to the Galapagos Islands. It has been hypothesized that Indo-Pacific fishes with ranges spanning the island free "eastern Pacific biogeographic barrier" are those with exceptionally long lived pelagic stages or alternate forms of transport such as rafting. (Photo by Bruce C. Mundy, NMFS Southwest Fisheries Science Center Honolulu Laboratory.)
Cover PDF
Volume 09 Issue 01
SPECIAL ISSUE FEATURES

A River That Flows to the Sea: The Marine Biological Diversity Movement
Norse, E.A. 1996. A river that flows to the sea: The marine biological diversity movement. Oceanography 9(1):5–9, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.20.

Chemical Ecology and Marine Biodiversity: Insights and Products from the Sea
Hay, M.E., and W. Fenical. 1996. Chemical ecology and marine biodiversity: Insights and products from the sea. Oceanography 9(1):10–20, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.21.

National Perspectives on Marine Biotechnology
Attaway, D.H. 1996. National perspectives on marine biotechnology. Oceanography 9(1):21–22, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.22.

Marine Biodiversity and the Medicine Cabinet: The Status of New Drugs from Marine Organisms
Fenical, W. 1996. Marine biodiversity and the medicine cabinet: The status of new drugs from marine organisms. Oceanography 9(1):23–27, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.23.

Biodiversity and the Sustainability of Marine Fisheries
Boehlert, G.W. 1996. Biodiversity and the sustainability of marine fisheries. Oceanography 9(1):28–35, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.24.

Marine Bioinvasions: The Alteration of Marine Ecosystems by Nonindigenous Species
Carlton, J.T. 1996. Marine bioinvasions: The alteration of marine ecosystems by nonindigenous species. Oceanography 9(1):36–43, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.25.

The Central Role of Systematics in Marine Biodiversity Problems
Vecchione, M., and B.B. Collette. 1996. The central role of systematics in marine biodiversity problems. Oceanography 9(1):44–45, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.26.

The Importance of Systematics to Fisheries: Short Examples of the Important Role of Systematics to Fisheries Management
The Importance of Systematics to Fisheries: Short Examples of the Important Role of Systematics to Fisheries Management. 1996. Oceanography 9(1):46–49.

Biodiversity is Biogeography: Implications for Conservation
Ray, G.C. 1996. Biodiversity is biogeography: Implications for conservation. Oceanography 9(1):50–59, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.27.

The Role of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity
Eichbaum, W.M., M.P. Crosby, M.T. Agardy, and S.A. Laskin. 1996. The role of marine and coastal protected areas in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Oceanography 9(1):60–70, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.28.

Working to Protect Biodiversity: Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Smrcina, A. 1996. Working to protect biodiversity: Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Oceanography 9(1):71–72, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.29.

Management Strategies to Conserve Marine Biodiversity
Bohnsack, J.A., and J.S. Ault. 1996. Management strategies to conserve marine biodiversity. Oceanography 9(1):73–82, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.30.

Coral Reefs and Biodiversity: A Critical and Threatened Relationship
Maragos, J.E., M.P. Crosby, and J.W. McManus. 1996. Coral reefs and biodiversity: A critical and threatened relationship. Oceanography 9(1):83–99, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.31.

International Law: Implications for Exploitation of Deep-Sea Benthic Biodiversity
Kraniotis, P., and R.B. Griffis. 1996. International law: Implications for exploitation of deep-sea benthic biodiversity. Oceanography 9(1):100–101, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.32.

DEPARTMENTS

BOOK REVIEW • Understanding Marine Biodiversity
Review of Understanding Marine Biodiversity. 1996. Oceanography 9(1):102–103.

FROM THE GUEST EDITOR •   Message from the Special Editor
Sullivan, K.D. 1996. Message from the Special Editor. Oceanography 9(1):3–4, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.33.

Special Issue Guest Editors

Kathryn D. Sullivan, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration