Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 09 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 09, No. 1
Pages 21 - 22


National Perspectives on Marine Biotechnology

By D.H. Attaway 
Jump to
Citation Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

Biotechnology depends on exploiting information stored in genes and their component DNA. Genes of terrestrial organisms have been the primary source of information for the biochemical products and bioprocessing schemes that form the foundation of biotechnology—antibiotic production and water purification, for example. While terrestrial organisms exhibit great species diversity, marine organisms represent greater phylogenetic diversity. That is, most of the major classes of the Earth’s plants, animals, and microorganisms are primarily or exclusively marine. Thus marine organisms represent sources of unique genetic information. Yet few have been used in biotechnology by either traditional methods of fermentation or modern biomolecular means because the research base is meager. However, results from programs of research in marine biotechnology, including those in Japan, are exposing rich fields of opportunity.


Attaway, D.H. 1996. National perspectives on marine biotechnology. Oceanography 9(1):21–22, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1996.22.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.