Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 25 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 25, No. 2
Pages 227 - 231


OCEAN POLICY • US-Cuba Scientific Collaboration: Emerging Issues and Opportunities in Marine and Related Environmental Sciences

By Gary Machlis , Thomas A. Frankovich, Pedro M. Alcolado, Erik García-Machado, Aida Caridad Hernández-Zanuy , Robert E. Hueter, Nancy Knowlton, Erick Perera , and John W. Tunnell Jr.  
Jump to
Citation References Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

Despite diplomatic nonrecognition, vast political differences, a long-standing trade embargo, and strict limitations on travel, US-Cuban scientific collaboration is on the rise. In December 2011, independent US scientists traveled to Havana, Cuba, for a series of scientific discussions with members of the Cuban scientific community. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the Cuban Academy of Sciences facilitated the trip. One topic for discussion concerned emerging issues and opportunities in marine and related environmental sciences. Shared resources (e.g., Gulf of Mexico fisheries) and high connectivity between US and Cuban ecosystems via regional oceanic and atmospheric circulations underscore the importance of increased US-Cuban cooperation in this field.


Machlis, G., T.A. Frankovich, P.M. Alcolado, E. García-Machado, A. Caridad Hernández-Zanuy, R.E. Hueter, N. Knowlton, E. Perera, and J.W. Tunnell Jr. 2012. Ocean policy—US-Cuba scientific collaboration: Emerging issues and opportunities in marine and related environmental sciences. Oceanography 25(2):227–231, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.63.


Álvarez-Alemán, A., J.A. Powell, and C. Beck. 2010. First report of a Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) in Cuba. Aquatic Mammals 36(2):148–153, https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.36.2.2010.148.

Álvarez-Alemán, A. 2011. El Manatí. Pp. 178–185 in Mamíferos en Cuba. R. Borroto-Paez and C.A. Mancina, eds, UPC Print, Finland.

Armenteros, M., B. Creagh, and G. González-Sansón. 2009. Distribution patterns of the meiofauna in coral reefs from NW shelf of Cuba (Gulf of Mexico). Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 30(1):37–43.

Armenteros, M., J.P. Williams, G. Hidalgo, and G. González-Sansón. 2007. Community structure of meio- and macrofauna in seagrass meadows and mangroves from NW Shelf of Cuba (Gulf of Mexico). Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 28(2):139–150.

Azanza-Ricardo, J., M.E. Ibarra-Martín, G. Espinosa, R. Díaz, and G. González-Sansón. 2003. Conducta se anidación se la tortuga verde (Chelonia Mydas) en las Playas Antonio y Caleta de Los Piojos de la Península de Guanahacabibes, Pinar Del Río, Cuba. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 24(3):231–240.

Azanza-Ricardo, J., M.E. Ibarra-Martín, A. Ruiz-Urquiola, J. Hernández, R. Díaz, and N. Hernández. 2006. Análisis de nidos de tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas) durante la temporada de anidación 2006 en la Península de Guanahacabibes, Cuba. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 29(1):61–69.

Elizalde-Rendón, E.M., G. Horta-Puga, P. González-Diaz, and J.P. Carricart-Ganivet. 2010. Growth characteristics of the reef-building coral Porites astreoides under different environmental conditions in the Western Atlantic. Coral Reefs 29(3):607–614, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-010-0604-7.

González-Díaz, P., G. González-Sansón, Y. Piloto, Y. Cabrales, and S. Alvarez. 2008. Estructura de las poblaciones de Acropora palmata, Porites astreoides y Agaricia agaricites forma masiva (Cnidaria; Scleractinea) en el arrecife de Playa Baracoa, Cuba. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 29(3):213–223.

González-Díaz, S.P., G. González-Sansón, S. Álvarez Fernández, and O. Perera Pérez. 2010. High spatial variability of coral, sponges and gorgonian assemblages in a well preserved reef. Revista de Biología Tropical 58(2):197–209.

González-Sansón, G., C. Aguilar, I. Hernández, and Y. Cabrera. 2009a. Effects of depth and bottom communities on the distribution of highly territorial reef fish in the northwestern region of Cuba. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25(6):652–660, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01332.x.

González-Sansón, G., C. Aguilar, I. Hernández, Y. Cabrera, N. Suarez-Montes, F. Bretos, and D. Guggenheim. 2009b. Natural and human-induced variability in the composition of fish assemblages in the northwestern Cuban shelf. Revista de Biología Tropical 57(3):721–740.

Hernández, I., C. Aguilar, and G. González-Sansón. 2008. Tramas tróficas de peces de arrecifes en la región noroccidental de Cuba: I. Contenido estomacal. Revista de Biología Tropical 56(2):541–555.

Hueter, R., P. Baker, and F. Alcock. 2011. Developing a trinational system of coordinated management for shark fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico. American Fisheries Society 141st Annual Meeting abstracts. Available online at: https://afs.confex.com/afs/2011/webprogram/Paper7864.html (accessed May 15, 2012).

Ortíz, M., A. Alvarez-Alemán, and J. Angulo-Valdés. 2010. Dos nuevos registros de crustáceos asociados a la piel del manatí Trichechus manatus (Chordata, Mammalia, Sirenia) de la región noroccidental de Cuba. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 31(2):10.

Perez, R., F.E. Muller-Karger, M. Merino, I. Victoria, N. Melo, and S. Cerdeira. 1999. Cuban, Mexican, US researchers probing mysteries of Yucatan Current. Earth In Space 12(1):10–14.

Ruiz-Urquiola, A., F.B. Riverón, E. Pérez, F.A. Abreu-Grobois, M. González-Pumariega, B. James-Petric, R. Díaz, J.M. Álvarez Castro, M. Jager, J. Azanza-Ricardo, and G.

Espinosa-López. 2010. Population genetic structure of Greater Caribbean green turtles (Chelonia mydas) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences, with an emphasis on rookeries from southwestern Cuba. Revista Investigaciones Marinas 31(1):33–52.

Ruiz-Urquiola, A., M. Vega, F.B. Riverón, F.A. Abreu-Grobois, J. Solano, T. Pérez, E. Pérez, J. Azanza-Ricardo, R. Frías, R. Díaz, M.E. Ibarra-Martín, and G. Espinosa. 2008. Estructura genética de poblaciones de Caretta caretta en el Gran Caribe y la costa atlántica de Estados Unidos, con énfasis en colonias de anidación del suroeste cubano. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 29(2):151–160.

WWF (World Wildlife Fund). 2006. Living Planet Report 2006. Available online at: http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/all_publications/living_planet_report/living_planet_report_timeline/lp_2006 (accessed May 15, 2012).

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.