Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 15 Issue 04

View Issue TOC
Volume 15, No. 4
Pages 35 - 40

OpenAccess

The Search, Discovery, and Survey of a World War II Japanese Type "A" Midget Submarine

John C. WiltshireTerry Kerby Algis N. Kalvaitis
First Paragraph

This paper describes the search, discovery and inspection of a World War II (WW II)-era Japanese midget submarine discovered in waters off Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This discovery was made on August 28, 2002, by the Pisces IV and Pisces V, two deep-diving submersibles operated by personnel from the Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL), one of six research centers comprising the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Undersea Research Program (NURP). This Japanese midget submarine was the first vessel sunk in the attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, and it is evidence of the first shot of the war in the Pacific. The sunken midget sub was located during the last of a series of test and training dives conducted annually in the military debris fields off Pearl Harbor. This midget submarine find has been described as the most significant modern marine archeological find ever in the Pacific, second only to the finding of the Titanic in the Atlantic.

Citation

Wiltshire, J.C., T. Kerby, and A.N. Kalvaitis. 2002. The search, discovery, and survey of a World War II Japanes type “A” midget submarine. Oceanography 15(4):35–40, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2002.04.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.