Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 07 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 07, No. 1
Pages 21 - 26

OpenAccess

The 1976-77 Climate Shift of the Pacific Ocean

Arthur J. MillerDaniel R. Cayan Tim P. BarnettNicholas E. GrahamJosef M. Oberhuber
First Paragraph

Understanding how climate varies in time is a central issue of climate research. Of particular interest are climate variations which occur within the human lifespan, say over 5- to 100-y time scales. Climate changes might occur as a gradual drift to a new state, a series of long-term swings, or a sequence of abrupt steps. The climate record over the last 100 years or so exhibits ample evidence for all these types of variations (Jones et al., 1986), but we have little understanding of what causes and controls these regime changes (Karl, 1988; Wunsch, 1992). Though many of these variations in climate are certainly natural, some components could be associated with increased concentrations of greenhouse gases or other anthropogenic effects. To advance our understanding of mankind’s potential influence on climate, the study of various natural climate variations is of paramount importance.

Citation

Miller, A.J., D.R. Cayan, T.P. Barnett, N.E. Graham, and J.M. Oberhuber. 1994. The 1976-77 climate shift of the Pacific Ocean. Oceanography 7(1):21–26, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1994.11.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.