Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 32 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 32, No. 1
Pages 28 - 30

Reading All the Pages in the Book on Climate History

Ted Moore Jan Backman
Article Abstract

In recent decades, the scientific ocean drilling community has prided itself in being able to achieve the full recovery of hundreds of meters of the sedimentary section through coring, allowing scientists to decipher the history of Earth’s climate in its fullest resolution. The Deep Sea Drilling Project, the Ocean Drilling Program, the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, and the International Ocean Discovery Program provided the impetus for the rapid growth of paleoceanography as a new field of study and contributed significantly to modern-day paleoclimate studies. These new fields are based upon a long progression of technical developments over decades and hundreds of drilling expeditions. Here, we briefly review the technical and coring strategy advances that today allow us to read all the pages in the book on climate history.


Moore, T., and J. Backman. 2019. Reading all the pages in the book on climate history. Oceanography 32(1):28–30, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2019.115.


Hays, J.D., J. Imbrie, and N.J. Shackleton. 1976. Variations in Earth’s orbit: Pacemaker of the ice ages. Science 194:1,121–1,132, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.194.4270.1121.

Lowery, C.M., J.V. Morgan, S.P.S. Gulick, T.J. Bralower, G.L. Christeson, and the Expedition 364 Scientists. 2019. Ocean drilling perspectives on meteorite impacts. Oceanography 32(1):120–134, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2019.133.

Moore, T.C. Jr. 1972. DSDP: Successes, failures, proposals. Geotimes 17:27–31.

Shackleton, N.J., S. Crowhurst, T. Hagelberg, N.G. Pisias, and D.A. Schneider. 1995. A new late Neogene time scale: Application to Leg 138 sites. Pp. 73–101 in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, vol. 138. N.G. Pisias, L.A. Mayer, T.R. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, and T.H. van Andel, eds, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX.

Zachos, J.C., M. Pagani, L. Sloan, E. Thomas, and K. Billups. 2001. Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science 292:686–693, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059412.