Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 31 Issue 04

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Volume 31, No. 4
Pages 10 - 13

RIPPLE MARKS • Over A Cliff: Northern Elephant Seals’ California Comeback Challenged by Sea Level Rise, Inbreeding

Cheryl Lyn Dybas
First Paragraph

“Steep Cliffs!” warns a map of California’s Point Reyes National Seashore, 72 kilometers northwest of San Francisco. “The cliffs of the Point Reyes Headlands are likely to crumble and slide,” the notation continues. “Climbing on them invites catastrophe. Because of falling rocks, walking below cliffs is dangerous. Keep away!”


Dybas, C.L. 2018. Over a cliff: Northern elephant seals’ California comeback challenged by sea level rise, inbreeding. Oceanography 31(4):10–13, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.421.