Agarwal, N., R. Sharma, A. Parekh, S. Basu, A. Sarkar, and V.K. Agarwal. 2012. Argo observations of barrier layer in the tropical Indian Ocean. Advances in Space Research 50(5):642–654, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2012.05.021.
Bhat, G.S., S. Gadgil, P.V. Hareesh Kumar, S.R. Kalsi, P. Madhusoodanan, V.S.N. Murty, C.V.K. Prasada Rao, V. Ramesh Babu, L.V.G. Rao, R.R. Rao, and others. 2001. BOBMEX: The Bay of Bengal Monsoon experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82(10):2,217–2,243, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<2217:BTBOBM>2.3.CO;2.
D’Asaro, E.A., T.B. Sanford, P.P. Niiler, and E. Terrill. 2007. Cold wake of Hurricane Frances. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L15609, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL030160.
de Boyer Montégut, C., J. Vialard, S.S.C. Shenoi, D. Shankar, F. Durand, C. Ethé, and G. Madec. 2007. Simulated seasonal and interannual variability of the mixed layer heat budget in the northern Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate 20:3,249–3,268, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI4148.1.
Emanuel, K. 2003. Tropical cyclones. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 31(1):75–104, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.31.100901.141259.
Emanuel, K. 2005. Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 436:686–688, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03906.
Fritz, A. 2014. Deadly Tropical Cyclone Hudhud lashes India with winds over 100 mph. Washington Post, October 12, 2014, http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2014/10/13/deadly-tropical-cyclone-hudhud-lashes-india-with-winds-over-100-mph.
Gadgil, S. 2003. The Indian monsoon and its variability. Annuual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 31(1):429–467, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.31.100901.141251.
Gaulter, S. 2014. The powerful Cyclone Hudhud. Gulf Times, Doha, Qatar, October 19, 2014, http://www.gulf-times.com/story/412801/The-powerful-Cyclone-Hudhud.
Girishkumar, M.S., M. Ravichandran, and M.J. McPhaden. 2013. Temperature inversions and their influence on the mixed layer heat budget during the winters of 2006–2007 and 2007–2008 in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Geophysical Research 118(5):2,426–2,437, https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20192.
Girishkumar, M.S., M. Ravichandran, M.J. McPhaden, and R.R. Rao. 2011. Intraseasonal variability in barrier layer thickness in the south central Bay of Bengal. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, C03009, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006657.
Goswami, B.N. 2011. South Asian monsoon. Pp. 21–72 in Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System. W.K.-M. Lau and D.E. Waliser, eds, Springer Science & Business Media.
Goswami, B.N., S.A. Rao, D. Sengupta, and S. Chakravorty. 2016. Monsoons to mixing in the Bay of Bengal: Multiscale air-sea interactions and monsoon predictability. Oceanography 29(2):18–27, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.35.
Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, and others. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2.
Loschnigg, J., and P.J. Webster. 2000. A coupled ocean-atmosphere system of SST modulation for the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate 13(19):3,342–3,360, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3342:ACOASO>2.0.CO;2.
McPhaden, M.J., G.R. Foltz, T. Lee, V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, G.A. Vecchi, J. Vialard, J.D. Wiggert, and L. Yu. 2009a. Ocean-atmosphere interactions during Cyclone Nargis. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 90(7):53–54, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009EO070001.
McPhaden, M.J., G. Meyers, K. Ando, Y. Masumoto, V.S.N. Murty, M. Ravichandran, F. Syamsudin, J. Vialard, L. Yu, and W. Yu. 2009b. RAMA: The research moored array for African-Asian-Australian monsoon analysis and prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(4):459–480, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2608.1.
Moum, J.N., and J.D. Nash. 2009. Mixing measurements on an equatorial ocean mooring. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 26(2):317–336, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JTECHO617.1.
Moum, J.N., A. Perlin, J.D. Nash, and M.J. McPhaden. 2013. Seasonal sea surface cooling in the equatorial Pacific cold tongue controlled by ocean mixing. Nature 500:64–67, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12363.
Neetu, S., M. Lengaigne, E.M. Vincent, J. Vialard, G. Madec, G. Samson, M.R. Ramesh Kumar, and F. Durand. 2012. Influence of upper-ocean stratification on tropical cyclone-induced surface cooling in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Geophysical Research 117, C12020, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008433.
Perlin, A., and J.N. Moum. 2012. Comparison of thermal variance dissipation rates from moored and profiling instruments at the equator. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 29(9):1,347–1,362, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00019.1.
Praveen Kumar, B., J. Vialard, M. Lengaigne, V.S.N. Murty, and M.J. McPhaden. 2012. TropFlux: Air-sea fluxes for the global tropical oceans: Description and evaluation. Climate Dynamics 38:1,521–1,543, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1115-0.
Reynolds, R.W., T.M. Smith, C. Liu, D.B. Chelton, K.S. Casey, and M.G. Schlax. 2007. Daily high- resolution-blended analyses for sea surface temperature. Journal of Climate 20(22):5,473–5,496, https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1824.1.
Sanford, T.B., J.F. Price, J.B. Girton, and D.C. Webb. 2007. Highly resolved observations and simulations of the ocean response to a hurricane. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L13604, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL029679.
Schott, F.A., and J.P. McCreary. 2001. The monsoon circulation of the Indian Ocean. Progress in Oceanography 51(1):1–123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00083-0.
Schott, F.A., S.-P. Xie, and J.P. McCreary Jr. 2009. Indian Ocean circulation and climate variability. Reviews of Geophysics 47:1–46, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007RG000245.
Sengupta, D., B.R. Goddalehundi, and D.S. Anitha. 2008. Cyclone-induced mixing does not cool SST in the post-monsoon north Bay of Bengal. Atmospheric Science Letters 9(1):1–6, https://doi.org/10.1002/asl.162.
Sengupta, D., B.N. Goswami, and R. Senan. 2001. Coherent intraseasonal oscillations of ocean and atmosphere during the Asian summer monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters 28(21):4,127–4,130, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001GL013587.
Sengupta, D., and M. Ravichandran. 2001. Oscillations of Bay of Bengal sea surface temperature during the 1998 summer monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters 28(10):2,033–2,036, https://doi.org/10.1029/2000GL012548.
Sengupta, D., P.K. Ray, and G.S. Bhat. 2002. Spring warming of the eastern Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal from buoy data. Geophysical Research Letters 29(15), https://doi.org/10.1029/2002GL015340.
Shenoi, S.S.C., D. Shankar, and S.R. Shetye. 2002. Differences in heat budgets of the near-surface Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal: Implications for the summer monsoon. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(C6), https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JC000679.
Syed, F.S., W. Iqbal, A.A.B. Syed, and G. Rasul. 2014. Uncertainties in the regional climate models simulations of South-Asian summer monsoon and climate change. Climate Dynamics 42:2,079–2,097, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1963-x.
Thadathil, P., V. Gopalakrishna, P. Muraleedharan, G. Reddy, N. Araligidad, and S. Shenoy. 2002. Surface layer temperature inversion in the Bay of Bengal. Deep Sea Research Part I 49(10):1,801–1,818, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00044-4.
Thadathil, P., P.M. Muraleedharan, R.R. Rao, Y.K. Somayajulu, G.V. Reddy, and C. Revichandran. 2007. Observed seasonal variability of barrier layer in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, C02009, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JC003651.
Thangaprakash, V.P., M.S. Girishkumar, K. Suprit, N. Suresh Kumar, D. Chaudhuri, K. Dinesh, A. Kumar, S. Shivaprasad, M. Ravichandran, J.T. Farrar, and others. 2016. What controls seasonal evolution of sea surface temperature in the Bay of Bengal? Mixed layer heat budget analysis using moored buoy observations along 90°E. Oceanography 29(2):202–213, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.52.
The Economic Times. 2015. Cyclone Hudhud causes $11 billion worth of losses: UN. February 26, 2015, http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-02-26/news/59541541_1_natural-disasters-asia-pacific-region-cyclone-hudhud.
The Times of India. 2014. Hudhud killed 46 in Andhra Pradesh, 21 lakh families hit. October 25, 2014, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Hudhud-killed-46-in-Andhra-Pradesh-21-lakh-families-hit/articleshow/44932425.cms.
Toole, J.M., K.L. Polzin, and R.W. Schmitt. 1994. Estimates of diapycnal mixing in the abyssal ocean. Science 264:1,120–1,123, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5162.1120.
Wang, S.-Y., R.R. Gillies, B. Fosu, and P.M. Singh. 2015. The deadly Himalayan snowstorm of October 2014: Synoptic conditions and associated trends [in “Explaining Extreme Events of 2014 from a Climate Perspective”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96(12):89–94, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00113.1.
Weller, R.A., J.T. Farrar, J. Buckley, S. Mathew, R. Venkatesan, J. Sree Lekha, D. Chaudhuri, N. Suresh Kumar, and B. Praveen Kumar. 2016. Air-sea interaction in the Bay of Bengal. Oceanography 29(2):28–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.36.
Yu, L., X. Jin, and R.A. Weller. 2007. Annual, seasonal, and interannual variability of air–sea heat fluxes in the Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate 20(13):3,190–3,209, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI4163.1.
Yu, L., and M.J. McPhaden. 2011. Ocean preconditioning of Cyclone Nargis in the Bay of Bengal: Interaction between Rossby waves, surface fresh waters, and sea surface temperatures. Journal of Physical Oceanography 41(9):1,741–1,755, https://doi.org/10.1175/2011JPO4437.1.
Yu, L., and R.A. Weller. 2007. Objectively analyzed air-sea heat fluxes for the global ice-free oceans (1981–2005). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88(4):527–539, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-88-4-527.