Agarwal, N., R. Sharma, A. Parekh, S. Basu, A. Sarkar, and V.K. Agarwal. 2012. Argo observations of barrier layer in the tropical Indian Ocean. Advances in Space Research 50:642–654, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2012.05.021.
Bernie, D.J., S.J. Woolnough, J.M. Slingo, and E. Guilyardi. 2005. Modeling diurnal and intraseasonal variability of the ocean mixed layer. Journal of Climate 18:1,190–1,202, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3319.1.
Fairall, C.W., E.F. Bradley, J.S. Godfrey, G.A. Wick, J.B. Edson, and G.S. Young. 1996. Cool-skin and warm-layer effects on sea surface temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research 101:1,295–1,308, https://doi.org/10.1029/95JC03190.
Fu, X., B. Wang, T. Li, and J.P. McCreary. 2003. Coupling between northward-propagating, intraseasonal oscillations and sea surface temperature in the Indian Ocean. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60:1,733–1,753, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<1733:CBNIOA>2.0.CO;2.
Gadgil, S., P. Joseph, and N.V. Joshi. 1984. Ocean-atmosphere coupling over monsoon regions. Nature 312:141–143, https://doi.org/10.1038/312141a0.
Goswami, B., M. Wheeler, J. Gottschalck, and D. Waliser. 2011. Intraseasonal variability and forecasting: A review of recent research. Pp. 389–407 in The Global Monsoon System: Research and Forecast, 2nd ed. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814343411_0023.
Goswami, B.N., G. Wu, and T. Yasunari. 2006. The annual cycle, intraseasonal oscillations, and roadblock to seasonal predictability of the Asian summer monsoon. Journal of Climate 19:5,078–5,099, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3901.1.
Goswami, B.N., S.A. Rao, D. Sengupta, and S. Chakravorty. 2016. Monsoons to mixing in the Bay of Bengal: Multiscale air-sea interactions and monsoon predictability. Oceanography 29(2):18–27, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.35.
Guemas, V., D. Salas-Mélia, M. Kageyama, H. Giordani, and A. Voldoire. 2011. Impact of the ocean mixed layer diurnal variations on the intraseasonal variability of sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Climate 24:2,889–2,914, https://doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3660.1.
Inness, P.M., and J.M. Slingo. 2003. Simulation of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in a coupled general circulation model: Part I. Comparison with observations and an atmosphere-only GCM. Journal of Climate 16:345–364, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<0345:SOTMJO>2.0.CO;2.
Johnson, N.C., and S.-P. Xie. 2010. Changes in the sea surface temperature threshold for tropical convection. Nature Geoscience 3:842–845, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1008.
Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, and J. Woollen. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 77:437–471, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2.
Lukas, R., and E. Lindstrom. 1991. The mixed layer of the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 96(S01):3,343–3,357, https://doi.org/10.1029/90JC01951.
McPhaden, M.J., and G.R. Foltz. 2013. Intraseasonal variations in the surface layer heat balance of the central equatorial Indian Ocean: The importance of zonal advection and vertical mixing. Geophysical Research Letters 40:2,737–2,741, https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50536.
Mignot, J., C. De Boyer Montégut, and M. Tomczak. 2009. On the porosity of barrier layers. Ocean Science 5:379–387, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-5-379-2009.
Moum, J.N. 2015. Ocean speed and turbulence measurements using pitot-static tubes on moorings. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32:1,400–1,413, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00158.1.
Moum, J.N., and J.D. Nash. 2009. Mixing measurements on an equatorial ocean mooring. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 26:317–336, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JTECHO617.1.
Mujumdar, M., K. Salunke, S.A. Rao, M. Ravichandran, and B.N. Goswami. 2011. Diurnal cycle induced amplification of sea surface temperature intraseasonal oscillations over the Bay of Bengal in summer monsoon season. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 8:206–210, https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2010.2060183.
Perlin, A., and J.N. Moum. 2012. Comparison of thermal variance dissipation rates from moored and profiling instruments at the equator. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 29:1,347–1,362, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00019.1.
Rao, R.R., and R. Sivakumar. 2003. Seasonal variability of sea surface salinity and salt budget of the mixed layer of the north Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(C1), 3009, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JC000907.
Roemmich, D., S. Riser, R. Davis, and Y. Desaubies. 2004. Autonomous profiling floats: Workhorse for broad-scale ocean observations. Marine Technology Society Journal 38:21–29, https://doi.org/10.4031/002533204787522802.
Schott, F.A., and J.P. McCreary. 2001. The monsoon circulation of the Indian Ocean. Progress in Oceanography 51:1–123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00083-0.
Sengupta, D., G.N. Bharath Raj, and S.S.C. Shenoi. 2006. Surface freshwater from Bay of Bengal runoff and Indonesian Throughflow in the tropical Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L22609, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL027573.
Sengupta, D., B.N. Goswami, and R. Senan. 2001. Coherent intraseasonal oscillations of ocean and atmosphere during the Asian summer monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters 28:4,127–4,130, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001GL013587.
Smyth, W.D., and J.N. Moum. 2001. Three-dimensional (3D) turbulence. Pp. 2,947–2,955 in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. J.H. Steele, ed., Academic Press, Oxford, UK, https://doi.org/10.1006/rwos.2001.0134.
Sobel, A.H., E.D. Maloney, G. Bellon, and D.M. Frierson. 2008. The role of surface heat fluxes in tropical intraseasonal oscillations. Nature Geoscience 1:653–657, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo312.
Vinayachandran, P.N., and R.S. Nanjundiah. 2009. Indian Ocean sea surface salinity variations in a coupled model. Climate Dynamics 33:245–263, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-008-0511-6.
Warner, S.J., J. Becherer, K. Pujiana, E.L. Shroyer, M. Ravichandran, V.P. Thangaprakash, and J.N. Moum. 2016. Monsoon mixing cycles in the Bay of Bengal: A year-long subsurface mixing record. Oceanography 29(2):158–169, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.48.
Weller, R.A., J.T. Farrar, J. Buckley, S. Mathew, R. Venkatesan, J. Sree Lekha, D. Chaudhuri, N. Suresh Kumar, and B. Praveen Kumar. 2016. Air-sea interaction in the Bay of Bengal. Oceanography 29(2):28–37, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.36.
Woolnough, S.J., F. Vitart, and M.A. Balmaseda. 2007. The role of the ocean in the Madden-Julian Oscillation: Implications for MJO prediction. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133:117–128, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.4.