Andres, M., M. Siegelman, V. Hormann, R.C. Musgrave, S.T. Merrifield, D.L. Rudnick, M.A. Merrifield, M.H. Alford, G. Voet, H.W. Wijesekera, and others. 2019. Eddies, topography, and the abyssal flow by the Kyushu-Palau Ridge near Velasco Reef. Oceanography 32(4):46–55, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2019.410.
Arístegui, J., P. Tett, A. Hernández-Guerra, G. Basterretxea, M.F. Montero, K. Wild, P. Sangrá, S. Hernández-Leon, M. Canton, J.A. García-Braun, and others. 1997. The influence of island-generated eddies on chlorophyll distribution: A study of mesoscale variation around Gran Canaria. Deep Sea Research Part I 44(1):71–96, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(96)00093-3.
Barrick, D.E., M.W. Evans, and B.L. Weber. 1977. Ocean surface currents mapped by radar. Science 198(4313):138–144, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.198.4313.138.
Chapman, R.D., L.K. Shay, H.C. Graber, J.B. Edson, A. Karachintsev, C.L. Trump, and D.B. Ross. 1997. On the accuracy of HF radar surface current measurements: Intercomparison with ship-based sensors. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(C8):18,737–18,748, https://doi.org/10.1029/97JC00049.
Chung, Y.J., Y.R. Chen, L.Z.H. Chuang, Y.J. Yang, and L.G. Leu. 2017. The correlation analysis of ionospheric clutter and noise using SeaSonde HF radar. In MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Oceans (OTO) 2018 OCEANS, pp. 1–4, https://doi.org/10.1109/OCEANSE.2017.8084968.
Crombie, D.D. 1955. Doppler spectrum of sea echo at 13.56 Mc/s. Nature 175:681–682, https://doi.org/10.1038/175681a0.
Emery, B.M., L. Washburn, and J.A. Harlan. 2004. Evaluating radial current measurements from CODAR high-frequency radars with moored current meters. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 21(8):1,259–1,271, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(2004)021<1259:ERCMFC>2.0.CO;2.
Gove, J.M., M.A. McManus, A.B. Neuheimer, J.J. Polovina, J.C. Drazen, C.R. Smith, M.A. Merrifield, A.M. Friedlander, J.S. Ehses, C.W. Young, and A.K. Dillon. 2016. Near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins. Nature Communications 7:10581, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10581.
Gurgel, K.W. 1994. Shipborne measurement of surface current fields by HF radar. L’Onde Electrique 74:54–59.
Hsin, Y.C., and B. Qiu. 2012. Seasonal fluctuations of the surface North Equatorial Counter-current (NECC) across the Pacific Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research 117(C06), https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007794.
Hsu, P.C., K.H. Cheng, S. Jan, H.J. Lee, and C.R. Ho. 2019. Vertical structure and surface patterns of Green Island wakes induced by the Kuroshio. Deep Sea Research Part I 143:1–16, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2018.11.002.
Johnston, T.M.S., J.A. MacKinnon, P.L. Colin, P.J. Haley Jr., P.F.J. Lermusiaux, A.J. Lucas, M.A. Merrifield, S.T. Merrifield, C. Mirabito, J.D. Nash, and others. 2019. Energy and momentum lost to wake eddies and lee waves generated by the North Equatorial Current and tidal flows at Peleliu, Palau. Oceanography 32(4):110–125, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2019.417.
Kundu, P.K., and I. Cohen. 2002. Fluid Mechanics, Academic Press, New York.
Lipa, B., and D. Barrick. 1983. Least-squares methods for the extraction of surface currents from CODAR crossed-loop data: Application at ARSLOE. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 8(4):226–253, https://doi.org/10.1109/JOE.1983.1145578.
MacKinnon, J.A., M.H. Alford, G. Voet, K. Zeiden, T.S. Johnston, M. Siegelman, S. Merrifield, and M. Merrifield. 2019. Eddy wake generation from broadband currents near Palau. Journal of Geophysical Research 124(7):4,891–4,903, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC014945.
Ohlmann, C., P. White, L. Washburn, E. Terrill, B. Emery, and M. Otero. 2006. Interpretation of coastal HF radar-derived surface currents with high-resolution drifter data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24:666–680, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH1998.1.
Paduan, J.D., and L. Washburn. 2013. High-frequency radar observations of ocean surface currents. Annual Review of Marine Science 5:115–136, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-121211-172315.
Pattiaratchi, C., A. James, and M. Collins. 1987. Island wakes and headland eddies: A comparison between remotely sensed data and laboratory experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research 92(C1):783–794, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC092iC01p00783.
Qiu, B., and R. Lukas. 1996. Seasonal and interannual variability of the North Equatorial Current, the Mindanao Current, and the Kuroshio along the Pacific western boundary. Journal of Geophysical Research 101:12,315–12,330, https://doi.org/10.1029/95JC03204.
Schmidt, R. 1986. Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 34(3):276–280, https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.1986.1143830.
Schramek, T.A. 2018. Ocean-Island Interactions in the Western Pacific. Doctoral dissertation, UC San Diego, 133 pp.
Schönau, M.C., and D.L. Rudnick. 2015. Glider observations of the North Equatorial Current in the western tropical Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research 120(5):3,586–3,605, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010595.
Siegelman, M., M.A. Merrifield, E. Firing, J.A. MacKinnon, M.H. Alford, G. Voet, H.W. Wijesekera, T.A. Schramek, K.L. Zeiden, and E.J. Terrill. 2019. Observations of near-inertial surface currents at Palau. Oceanography 32(4):74–83, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2019.413.
Simmons, H.L., B.S. Powell, S.T. Merrifield, S.E. Zedler, and P.L. Colin. 2019. Dynamical downscaling of equatorial flow response to Palau. Oceanography 32(4):84–91, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2019.414.
Stewart, R.H., and J.W. Joy. 1974. HF radio measurements of surface currents. Deep Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts 21(12):1,039–1,049, https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-7471(74)90066-7.
Smith, W.H.F., and D.T. Sandwell. 1997. Global sea floor topography from satellite altimetry and ship depth soundings. Science 277:1,957-1,962, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5334.1956.
Sugimoto, T., S. Kimura, and K. Tadokoro. 2001. Impact of El Niño events and climate regime shift on living resources in the western North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography 49(1–4):113–127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00018-0.
Weller, R.A. 1982. The relation of near-inertial motions observed in the mixed layer during the JASIN (1978) experiment to the local wind stress and to the quasi-geostrophic flow field. Journal of Physical Oceanography 12(10):1,122–1,136, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1982)012<1122:TRONIM>2.0.CO;2.
Zeiden, K.L., D.L. Rudnick, and J.A. MacKinnon. 2019. Glider observations of a mesoscale oceanic island wake. Journal of Physical Oceanography 49(9):2,217–2,235, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-18-0233.1.
Zhang, Z., H. Xue, F. Chai, and Y. Chao. 2017. Variability of the Pacific North Equatorial Current from 1993 to 2012 based on a 1/8° Pacific model simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 122(3):2,382–2,400, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012143.