Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 18 Issue 03

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Volume 18, No. 3
Pages 46 - 61

First Paragraph

The marine Arctic has played an essential role in the history of our planet over the past 130 million years and contributes considerably to the present functioning of Earth and its life. The global cycles of a variety of materials fundamental to atmospheric conditions and thus to life depend to a significant extent on Arctic marine processes (Aargaard et al., 1999).


Soltwedel, T., E. Bauerfeind, M. Bergmann, N. Budaeva, E. Hoste, N. Jaeckisch, K. von Juterzenka, J. Matthiessen, V. Mokievsky, E.-M. Nöthig, N.-V. Quéric, B. Sablotny, E. Sauter, I. Schewe, B. Urban-Malinga, J. Wegner, M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, and M. Klages. 2005. HAUSGARTEN: Multidisciplinary investigations at a deep-sea, long-term observatory in the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography 18(3):46–61, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2005.24.