Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 28 Issue 02

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Volume 28, No. 2
Pages 226 - 228


Data Management Strategy to Improve Global Use of Ocean Acidification Data and Information

By Hernan E. Garcia , Cathy Cosca , Alex Kozyr, Emilio Mayorga , Cynthia Chandler, Robert W. Thomas , Kevin O’Brien, Ward Appeltans, Steve Hankin , Jan A. Newton, Angelica Gutierrez , Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Lina Hansson, Melissa Zweng, and Benjamin Pfeil  
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Ocean acidification (OA) refers to the general decrease in pH of the global ocean as a result of absorbing anthropogenic CO2 emitted in the atmosphere since preindustrial times (Sabine et al., 2004). There is, however, considerable variability in ocean acidification, and many careful measurements need to be made and compared in order to obtain scientifically valid information for the assessment of patterns, trends, and impacts over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and to understand the processes involved. A single country or institution cannot undertake measurements of worldwide coastal and open ocean OA changes; therefore, international cooperation is needed to achieve that goal. The OA data that have been, and are being, collected represent a significant public investment. To this end, it is critically important that researchers (and others) around the world are easily able to find and use reliable OA information that range from observing data (from time-series moorings, process studies, and research cruises), to biological response experiments (e.g., mesocosm), data products, and model output.


Garcia, H.E., C. Cosca, A. Kozyr, E. Mayorga, C. Chandler, R.W. Thomas, K. O’Brien, W. Appeltans, S. Hankin, J.A. Newton, A. Gutierrez, J.-P. Gattuso, L. Hansson, M. Zweng, and B. Pfeil. 2015. Data management strategy to improve global use of ocean acidification data and information. Oceanography 28(2):226–228, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.45.


Dickson, A.G., C.L. Sabine, and J.R. Christian. 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3:1–191, http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Handbook_2007/Guide_all_in_one.pdf.

Newton, J.A., R.A. Feely, E.B. Jewett, P. Williamson, and J. Mathis. 2014. Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network: Requirements and Governance Plan. First Edition, 60 pp. http://goa-on.org/docs/GOA-ON_plan_print.pdf

Riebesell, U., V.J. Fabry, L. Hansson, and J.-P. Gattuso, eds. 2010. Guide to Best Practices for Ocean Acidification Research and Data Reporting. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 260 pp., http://www.epoca-project.eu/index.php/guide-to-best-practices-for-ocean-acidification-research-and-data-reporting.html.

Sabine, C.L., R.A. Feely, N. Gruber, R.M. Key, K. Lee, J.L. Bullister, R. Wanninkhof, C.S. Wong, D.W.R. Wallace, B. Tilbrook, and others. 2004. The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2. Science 305:367–371, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1097403.

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