Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 19 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 19, No. 2
Pages 81 - 83


BOX • Cholera

By Edward Laws  
Jump to
Citation Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

Cholera is a classic case study of the interface between the oceans and human health, both in terms of the causes (i.e., a bacterium, copepods, and nutrient pollution of coastal marine waters) and its possible prevention (i.e., the possibility of using in situ moorings and satellites to predict its occurrence). Cholera is a serious intestinal disease that has impacted human health for centuries. There are accounts written in Sanskrit of a disease with symptoms resembling cholera on the Indian subcontinent roughly 2,500 years ago (Colwell, 1996). Cholera appears to have been confined to that region of the world until the early 19th century. However, beginning in 1817, a series of seven pandemics evidenced the spread of cholera to regions of Europe, Africa, and the Americas. The first six pandemics all seem to have originated in Bangladesh. Of these, the most noteworthy were probably the second and third, which lasted from 1829 to 1851 and 1852 to 1859, respectively.


Laws, E. 2006. Cholera. Oceanography 19(2):81–83, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2006.69.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.