Andres, M. 2016. On the recent destabilization of the Gulf Stream path downstream of Cape Hatteras. Geophysical Research Letters 43:9,836–9,842, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069966.
Beardsley, R.C., and W.C. Boicourt. 1981. On estuarine and continental-shelf circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Pp. 198–235 in Evolution of Physical Oceanography. B.A. Warren and C. Wunsch, eds, The MIT Press.
Beardsley, R.C., D.C. Chapman, K.H. Brink, S.R. Ramp, and R. Schlitz. 1985. The Nantucket Shoals Flux Experiment (NSFE79): Part 1. A basic description of the current and temperature variability. Journal of Physical Oceanography 15:713–748, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1985)015<0713:TNSFEP>2.0.CO;2.
Brink, K.H., R.C. Beardsley, R. Limeburner, J.D. Irish, and M. Caruso. 2009. Long-term moored array measurements of currents and hydrography over Georges Bank: 1994–1999. Progress in Oceanography 82:191–223, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.004.
Cenedese, C., R.E. Todd, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, W.B. Owens, and A.Y. Shcherbina. 2013. Offshore transport of shelf waters through interaction of vortices with a shelfbreak current. Journal of Physical Oceanography 43:905–919, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0150.1.
Chapman, D.C., J.A. Barth, R.C. Beardsley, and R.G. Fairbanks. 1986. On the continuity of mean flow between the Scotian shelf and the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Physical Oceanography 16:758–772, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1986)016<0758:OTCOMF>2.0.CO;2.
Chapman, D.C., and R.C. Beardsley. 1989. On the origin of shelf water in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Physical Oceanography 19:384–391, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1989)019<0384:OTOOSW>2.0.CO;2.
Chen, K., G. Gawarkiewicz, Y.-O. Kwon, and W.G. Zhang. 2015. The role of atmospheric forcing versus ocean advection during the extreme warming of the northeast US continental shelf in 2012. Journal of Geophysical Research 120:4,324–4,339, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010547.
Chen, K., G.G. Gawarkiewicz, S.J. Lentz, and J.M. Bane. 2014a. Diagnosing the warming of the northeastern US coastal ocean in 2012: A linkage between the atmospheric jet stream variability and ocean response. Journal of Geophysical Research 119:218–227, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009393.
Chen, K., and R. He. 2010. Numerical investigation of the Middle Atlantic Bight shelfbreak frontal circulation using a high-resolution ocean hindcast model. Journal of Physical Oceanography 40:949–964, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JPO4262.1.
Chen, K., R. He, B.S. Powell, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, A.M. Moore, and H.G. Arango. 2014b. Data assimilative modeling investigation of Gulf Stream warm core ring interaction with continental shelf and slope circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research 119:5,968–5,991, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009898.
Chen, K., Y.-O. Kwon, and G. Gawarkiewicz. 2016. Interannual variability of winter-spring temperature in the Middle Atlantic Bight: Relative contributions of atmospheric and oceanic processes. Journal of Geophysical Research 121:4,209–4,227, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011646.
Connolly, T.P., and S.J. Lentz. 2014. Interannual variability of wintertime temperature on the inner continental shelf of the Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research 119:6,269–6,285, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010153.
Curry, J.A., A. Bentamy, M.A. Bourassa, D. Bourras, E.F. Bradley, M. Brunke, S. Castro, S.H. Chou, C.A. Clayson, W.J. Emery, and others. 2004. SEAFLUX. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 85:409–424, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-85-3-409.
Fewings, M.R., and S.J. Lentz. 2011. Summertime cooling of the shallow continental shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, C07015, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006744.
Fogarty, M.J., and S.A. Murawski. 1998. Large-scale disturbance and the structure of marine systems: Fishery impacts on Georges Bank. Ecological Applications 8:S6–S22, https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1998)8[S6:LDATSO]2.0.CO;2.
Forsyth, J.S.T., M. Andres, and G.G. Gawarkiewicz. 2015. Recent accelerated warming of the continental shelf off New Jersey: Observations from the CMV Oleander expendable bathythermograph line. Journal of Geophysical Research 120:2,370–2,384, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010516.
Friedland, K. 2012. Ecosystem Advisory for the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem. Advisory 2012 - No. 2. National Marine Fishery Service, Northeast Fishery Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.
Garvine, R.W., K.C. Wong, G. Gawarkiewicz, R.K. McCarthy, R.W. Houghton, and F. Aikman. 1988. The morphology of shelfbreak eddies. Journal of Geophysical Research 93(C12):15,593–15,607, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC093iC12p15593.
Gawarkiewicz, G.G., K. Brink, F. Bahr, R. Beardsley, and M. Caruso. 2004. A large-amplitude meander of the shelfbreak front during summer south of New England: Observations from the Shelfbreak PRIMER experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C03006, https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001468.
Gawarkiewicz, G.G., G. Lawson, M. Petruny-Parker, P. Fratantoni, and J. Hare. 2013. The Shelf Break Ecosystem off the Northeastern United States: Current Issues and Recommended Research Directions. Report of a workshop sponsored by the Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region (CINAR), January 7–8, 2013, Warwick, RI, 29 pp.
Gawarkiewicz, G.G., R.E. Todd, A.J. Plueddemann, M. Andres, and J.P. Manning. 2012. Direct interaction between the Gulf Stream and the shelfbreak south of New England. Scientific Reports 2:553, https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00553.
Gawarkiewicz, G., R.E. Todd, W. Zhang, J. Partida, A. Gangopadhyay, M.-U.-H. Monim, P. Fratantoni, A. Malek Mercer, and M. Dent. 2018. The changing nature of shelf-break exchange revealed by the OOI Pioneer Array. Oceanography 31(1):60–70, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.110.
Greene, C.H., and A.J. Pershing. 2007. Climate drives sea change. Science 315:1,084–1,085, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1136495.
He, R., K. Chen, K. Fennel, G.G. Gawarkiewicz, and D.J. McGillicuddy Jr. 2011. Seasonal and interannual variability of physical and biological dynamics at the shelfbreak front of the Middle Atlantic Bight: Nutrient supply mechanisms. Biogeosciences 8:2,935–2,946, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-2935-2011.
Ji, R., C. Davis, C. Chen, and R. Beardsley. 2008. Influence of local and external processes on the annual nitrogen cycle and primary productivity on Georges Bank: A 3-D biological-physical modeling study. Journal of Marine Systems 73:31–47, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.08.002.
Lentz, S.J. 2010. The mean along-isobath heat and salt balances over the Middle Atlantic Bight continental shelf. Journal of Physical Oceanography 40:934–948, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JPO4214.1.
Lentz, S.J., R.C. Beardsley, J.D. Irish, J. Manning, P.C. Smith, and R.A. Weller. 2003a. Temperature and salt balances on Georges Bank February–August 1995. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 8006, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JC001220.
Lentz, S., K. Shearman, S. Anderson, A. Plueddemann, and J. Edson. 2003b. Evolution of stratification over the New England shelf during the Coastal Mixing and Optics study, August 1996–June 1997. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(C1), 3008, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JC001121.
Lentz, S.J., R.K. Shearman, and A.J. Plueddemann. 2010. Heat and salt balances over the New England continental shelf, August 1996 to June 1997. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, C07017, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JC006073.
Link, J.S., and M.D. Ford. 2006. Widespread and persistent increase of Ctenophora in the continental shelf ecosystem off NE USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 320:153–159, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps320153.
Loder, J.W., B. Petrie, and G. Gawarkiewicz. 1998. The coastal ocean off northeastern North America: A large-scale view. Pp. 105–133 in The Sea, Volume 11: The Global Coastal Ocean–Regional Studies and Syntheses. A.R. Robinson and K.H. Brink, eds, John Wiley & Sons.
Lucey, S.M., and J.A. Nye. 2010. Shifting species assemblages in the Northeast US Continental Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series 415:23–33, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08743.
Mills, K., A.J. Pershing, C.J. Brown, Y. Chen, F.-S. Chiang, D.S. Holland, S. Lehuta, J.A. Nye, J.C. Sun, A.C. Thomas, and R.A. Wahle. 2013. Fisheries management in a changing climate: Lessons from the 2012 ocean heat wave in the Northwest Atlantic. Oceanography 26(2):191–195, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.27.
Monim, M. 2017. Seasonal and Inter-annual Variability of Gulf Stream Warm Core Rings from 2000 to 2016. Master’s thesis, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, 113 pp.
Nye, J.A., J S. Link, J.A. Hare, and W.J. Overholtz. 2009. Changing spatial distribution of fish stocks in relation to climate and population size on the Northeast United States continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series 393:111–129, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08220.
Pershing, A.J., M.A. Alexander, C.M. Hernandez, L.A. Kerr, A. Le Bris, K.E. Mills, J.A. Nye, N.R. Record, H.A. Scannell, J.D. Scott, and others. 2015. Slow adaptation in the face of rapid warming leads to collapse of the Gulf of Maine cod fishery. Science 350:809–812, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac9819.
Shearman, R.K., and S.J. Lentz. 2010. Long-term sea surface temperature variability along the US east coast. Journal of Physical Oceanography 40:1,004–1,016, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JPO4300.1.
Smith, L.M., J.A. Barth, D.S. Kelley, A. Plueddemann, I. Rodero, G.A. Ulses, M.F. Vardaro, and R. Weller. 2018. The Ocean Observatories Initiative. Oceanography 31(1):16–35, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.105.
Ullman, D.S., D.L. Codiga, A. Pfeiffer-Herbert, and C.R. Kincaid. 2014. An anomalous near-bottom cross-shelf intrusion of slope water on the southern New England continental shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research 119:1,739–1,753, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009259.
Walsh, H.J., D.E. Richardson, K.E. Marancik, and J.A. Hare. 2015. Long-term changes in the distributions of larval and adult fish in the northeast US shelf ecosystem. PLoS ONE 10(9):e0137382, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137382.
Yu, L., and R.A. Weller. 2007. Objectively analyzed air–sea heat fluxes for the global ice-free oceans (1981–2005). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88:527–539, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-88-4-527.