Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 30 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 30, No. 2
Pages 33 - 35

ASIP: Profiling the Upper Ocean

Anneke ten DoeschateGraig SutherlandLeonie EstersDanielle WainKieran WalesbyBrian Ward
First Paragraph

To quote pioneering quantum physicist Wolfgang Ernst Pauli: “God made the bulk, surfaces were invented by the Devil” (Schroeder, 1991). Although it is not known whether this Austrian-Swiss professor was referring to the sea surface, many ocean scientists studying the air-sea interface would agree with him.


ten Doeschate, A., G. Sutherland, L. Esters, D. Wain, K. Walesby, and B. Ward. 2017. ASIP: Profiling the upper ocean. Oceanography 30(2):33–35, https://doi.org/​10.5670/oceanog.2017.216.


Callaghan, A.H., B. Ward, and J. Vialard. 2014. Influence of surface forcing on near-surface and mixing layer turbulence in the tropical Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part I 94:107–123, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.009.

Esters, L., S. Landwehr, G. Sutherland, T. Bell, K.H. Christensen, E.S. Saltzman, S.D. Miller, and B. Ward. 2017. Parameterizing air-sea gas transfer velocity with dissipation. Journal of Geophysical Research 122:3,041–3,056, https://doi.org/​10.1002/2016JC012088.

Schroeder, M. 1991. Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws. W.H. Freeman, New York, 448 pp.

Sutherland, G., K. Christensen, and B. Ward. 2013. Wave-turbulence scaling in the ocean mixed layer. Ocean Science 9:597–608, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-9-597-2013.

Sutherland, G., K. Christensen, and B. Ward. 2014. Evaluating Langmuir turbulence parameterizations in the ocean surface boundary layer. Journal of Geophysical Research 119:1,899–1,910, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009537.

Sutherland, G., L. Marié, G. Reverdin, K. Christensen, G. Broström, and B. Ward. 2016. Enhanced turbulence associated with the diurnal jet in the ocean surface boundary layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography 46:3,051–3,067, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0172.1.

Wain, D.J., J. Lilly, A.H. Callaghan, I. Yashayaev, and B. Ward. 2015. A breaking internal wave in the surface ocean boundary layer. Journal of Geophysical Research 120:4,151–4,161, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010416.

Walesby, K., J. Vialard, P. Minnett, A. Callaghan, and B. Ward. 2015. Observations indicative of rain-induced double diffusion in the ocean surface boundary layer. Geophysical Research Letters 42:3,963–3,972, https://doi.org/10.1002/​2015GL063506.

Ward, B., T. Fristedt, A.H. Callaghan, G. Sutherland, X. Sanchez, J. Vialard, and A. ten Doeschate. 2014. The Air-Sea Interaction Profiler (ASIP): An autonomous upwardly rising profiler for microstructure measurements in the upper ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 31:2,246–2,267, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00010.1.