Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 22 Issue 03

View Issue TOC
Volume 22, No. 3
Pages 198 - 205

Article Abstract

During the Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE), numerical modeling and prediction in coastal and shelf seas benefited from development of state-of-the-art, data-assimilative, and data-validated large-scale models that can supply initial and boundary conditions to nested domains. Rather than attempting an exhaustive synthesis, this article illustrates the progress in coastal ocean modeling and prediction made possible by GODAE, either directly by providing estimates, or more subtly by rendering coastal forecasting more feasible and its applications more obvious.


De Mey, P., P. Craig, F. Davidson, C.A. Edwards, Y. Ishikawa, J.C. Kindle, R. Proctor, K.R. Thompson, J. Zhu, and the GODAE Coastal and Shelf Seas Working Group (CSSWG) Community. 2009. Applications in coastal modeling and forecasting. Oceanography 22(3):198–205, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.79.


Auclair, F., P. Marsaleix, and P. De Mey. 2003. Space-time structure and dynamics of the forecast error in a coastal circulation model of the Gulf of Lions. Dynamics of Atmosphere and Oceans 36:309–346.

Auclair, F., C. Estournel, P. Marsaleix, and I. Pairaud. 2006. On coastal ocean embedded modeling. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L14602, doi:10.1029/2006GL026099.

Broquet, G., C.A. Edwards, A.M. Moore, B.S. Powell, M. Veneziani, and J.D. Doyle. 2009. Application of 4D-variational data assimilation to the California Current System. Dynamics of Atmosphere and Oceans, doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.03.001.

Counillon, F., and L. Bertino. 2009. High-definition ensemble forecasting for the Gulf of Mexico eddies and fronts. Ocean Dynamics 59:83–85, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0167-0.

Cummings, J., L. Bertino, P. Brasseur, I. Fukumori, M. Kamachi, M.J. Martin, K. Mogensen, P. Oke, C.E. Testut, J. Verron, and A. Weaver. 2009. Ocean data assimilation systems for GODAE. Oceanography 22(3):96–109.

De Mey, P., and R. Proctor. 2009. Assessing the value of GODAE products in coastal and shelf seas. Ocean Dynamics 59:1–2, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0175-0.

De Mey, P., P. Craig, J. Kindle, Y. Ishikawa, R. Proctor, K. Thompson, and J. Zhu. 2007. Towards the assessment and demonstration of the value of GODAE results for coastal and shelf seas and forecasting systems, 2nd ed. GODAE White Paper, GODAE Coastal and Shelf Seas Working Group (CSSWG), 79 pp. Available online at: http://www.godae.org/CSSWG.html (accessed June 15, 2009).

Debreu, L., and E. Blayo. 2008. Two-way embedding algorithms: A review. Ocean Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0150-9.

Dombrowsky, E., L. Bertino, G.B. Brassington, E.P. Chassignet, F. Davidson, H.E. Hurlburt, M. Kamachi, T. Lee, M.J. Martin, S. Mei, and M. Tonani. 2009. GODAE systems in operation. Oceanography 22(3):80–95.

Donlon, C.J., K.S. Casey, I.S. Robinson, C.L. Gentemann, R.W. Reynolds, I. Barton, O. Arino, J. Stark, N. Rayner, P. LeBorgne, and others. 2009. The GODAE High-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project. Oceanography 22(3):34–45.

Echevin, V., P. De Mey, and G. Evensen. 2000. Horizontal and vertical structure of the representer functions for sea surface measurements in a coastal circulation model. Journal of Physical Oceanography 30(10):2,627–2,635.

Halliwell, G.R., A. Barth, R.H. Weisberg, P.J. Hogan, O.M. Smedstad, and J. Cummings. 2009. Impact of GODAE products on nested HYCOM simulations of the West Florida Shelf. Ocean Dynamics 59:139–155, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0173-2.

Holt, J.T., and I.D. James. 2001. An s-coordinate density evolving model of the northwest European continental shelf. 1. Model description and density structure. Journal of Geophysical Research 106:14,015–14,034.

Holt, M. 2002. Real-time forecast modelling for the NW European Shelf Seas. Pp. 69–76 in Operational Oceanography: Implementation at the European and Regional Scales. N.C. Flemming, ed., Elsevier Science.

Hurlburt, H.E., G.B. Brassington, Y. Drillet, M. Kamachi, M. Benkiran, R. Bourdallé-Badie, E.P. Chassignet, G.A. Jacobs, O. Le Galloudec, J.-M. Lellouche, and others. 2009. High-resolution global and basin-scale ocean analyses and forecasts. Oceanography 22(3):110–127.

Kourafalou, V.H., G. Peng, H. Kang, P.J. Hogan, O.M. Smedstad, and R.H. Weisberg. 2009. Evaluation of Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment products on South Florida nested simulations with the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model. Ocean Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0160-7.

Kurapov, A.L., J.S. Allen, G.D. Egbert, R.N. Miller, P.M. Kosro, M.D. Levine, T. Boyd, and J.A. Barth. 2005. Assimilation of moored velocity data in a model of coastal wind-driven circulation off Oregon: Multivariate capabilities. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, C10S08, doi:10.1029/2004JC002493.

Kurapov, A.L., G.D. Egbert, J.S. Allen, and R.N. Miller. 2007. Representer-based variational data assimilation in a nonlinear model of nearshore circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, C11019, doi:10.1029/2007JC004117.

Le Hénaff, M., P. De Mey, and P. Marsaleix. 2009. Assessment of observational networks with the Representer Matrix Spectra method: Application to a 3-D coastal model of the Bay of Biscay. Special Issue of Ocean Dynamics, 2007 GODAE Coastal and Shelf Seas Workshop, Liverpool, UK. Ocean Dynamics 59:3–20, doi 10.1007/s10236-008-0144-7.

Lee, T., T. Awaji, M.A. Balmaseda, E. Greiner, and D. Stammer. 2009. Ocean state estimation for climate research. Oceanography 22(3):160–167.

Mourre, B., P. De Mey, F. Lyard, and C. Le Provost. 2004. Assimilation of sea level data over continental shelves: An ensemble method for the exploration of model errors due to uncertainties in bathymetry. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 38(2):93–121, doi:10.1016/ j.dynatmoce.2004.09.001

Mourre, B., P. De Mey, Y. Ménard, F. Lyard, and C. Le Provost. 2006. Relative performances of future altimeter systems and tide gauges in controlling a model of the North Sea high-frequency barotropic dynamics. Ocean Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s10236-006-0081-2.

Nicholls, R.J., and C. Small. 2002. Improved estimates of coastal population and exposure to hazards released. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 83(2):301, 305.

Oke, P.R., J.S. Allen, R.N. Miller, G.D. Egbert, and P.M. Kosro. 2002. Assimilation of surface velocity data into a primitive equation coastal ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research 107, doi:10.1029/2000JC000511.

Papadopoulos, A., G. Kallos, P. Katsafados, and S. Nickovic. 2002. The Poseidon weather forecasting system: An overview. Global Atmosphere and Ocean System 8(2–3):219–237.

Pielke, R.A., W.R. Cotton, R.L. Walco, C.J. Tremback, W.A. Lyons, L.D. Grasso, M.E. Nicholls, M.D. Moran, D.A. Wesley, T.J. Lee, and J.H. Copeland. 1992. A comprehensive meteorological modelling system: RAMS. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics 49:69–91.

Pinardi, N., I. Allen, E. Demirov, P. De Mey, G. Korres, A. Lascaratos, P.Y. Le Traon, C. Maillard, G. Manzella, and C. Tziavos. 2003. The Mediterranean ocean forecasting system: First phase of implementation (1998–2001). Annales Geophysicae 21(1):3–20.

Powell, B.S., H. Arango, A. Moore, E. Di Lorenzo, R. Milliff, and D. Foley. 2008. 4DVAR data assimilation in the Intra-Americas Sea with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). Journal of Ocean Modelling 23:130–145.

Powell, B.S., and A. Moore. 2009. Estimating the 4DVAR analysis error of GODAE products. Ocean Dynamics 59:121–138, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0172-3.

Robinson, A.R., and P. Lermusiaux. 2002. Data assimilation for modeling and predicting coupled physical–biological interactions in the sea. Chapter 12 in The Sea, Volume 12. A.R. Robinson, J.J. McCarthy, and B.J. Rothschild, eds, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

Schiller, A., and N. Smith. 2006. Bluelink: Large-to-coastal scale operational oceanography in the Southern Hemisphere. Pp. 427–439 in Ocean Weather Forecasting: An Integrated View of Oceanography. Springer, doi: 10.1007/1-4020-4028-8_17.

Sponaugle, S., T.N. Lee, V.H. Kourafalou, and D. Pinkard. 2005. Florida current frontal eddies and the settlement of coral reef fishes. Limnology and Oceanography 50:1,033–1,048.

Taillandier, V., V. Echevin, L. Mortier, and J.-L. Devenon. In press. A 4DVAR assimilation approach to estimate the regional forcing from observations of the coastal circulation. Journal of Marine Systems.

Veneziani, M., C.A. Edwards, J.D. Doyle, and D. Foley. 2009a. A central California coastal ocean modeling study: 1. Forward model and the influence of realistic versus climatological forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, C04015, doi:10.1029/2008JC004774.

Veneziani, M., C.A. Edwards, and A.M. Moore. 2009b. A central California coastal ocean modeling study: 2. Adjoint sensitivities to local and remote forcing mechanisms. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, C04020, doi:10.1029/2008JC004775

Wakelin, S.L., J.T. Holt, and R. Proctor. 2009. The influence of initial conditions and open boundary conditions on shelf circulation in a 3D ocean-shelf model of the North East Atlantic. Ocean Dynamics 59:67–81, doi:10.1007/s10236-008-0164-3.