Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 29 Issue 01

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Volume 29, No. 1
Pages 90 - 97


An Experiment in Graduate Education: A Marine Science Adventure Across the Indian Ocean

By Vicki Buchsbaum Pearse , John C. Ogden, and Sharon J. Proctor 
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Article Abstract

In the fall of 1964, Stanford University’s R/V Te Vega Cruise 5 crossed the equatorial Indian Ocean from Mombasa to Singapore, one of many ships participating in the International Indian Ocean Expedition. The cruise achieved two goals: (1) it provided hands-on oceanography training for graduate students in marine sciences, and (2) it documented the deep scattering layers of the Indian Ocean, only poorly known at the time. Taking place on the other side of the globe from the United States, the cruise also exposed students to cultural and personal experiences that shaped their lives and professions. It demonstrated the importance of experiential learning for future ocean scientists.


Pearse, V.B., J.C. Ogden, and S.J. Proctor. 2016. An experiment in graduate education: A marine science adventure across the Indian Ocean. Oceanography 29(1):90–97, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.02.


Bradbury, M.G., D.P. Abbott, R.V. Bovbjerg, R.N. Mariscal, W.C. Fielding, R.T. Barber, V.B. Pearse, S.J. Proctor, J.C. Ogden, J.P. Wourms, and others. 1971. Studies on the fauna associated with the deep scattering layers in the equatorial Indian Ocean, conducted on R/V Te Vega (during October–November 1964). Pp. 409–452 in Proceedings of an International Symposium on Biological Sound Scattering in the Ocean. G.B. Farquhar, ed., Department of the Navy MC Report 005.

Mariscal, R.N. 2010. The International Indian Ocean Expedition Te Vega Expeditions of Stanford University Cruise 5: East Africa to Singapore. Published by the author.

Maslow, A.H. 1964. Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio, 123 pp.

Privette, G. 1983. Peak experience, peak performance and flow: A comparative analysis of positive human experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45:1,361–1,368, https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.45.6.1361

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