Approximately 20 to 25 colleges and universities in this country offer undergraduate degrees in marine science or oceanography, with options in the sub-disciplines of biological, chemical, geological and physical oceanography (Maynard, 1986). In addition to these, there are a number of schools offering a degree in just one of the sub-disciplines (biology) or in related disciplines (fisheries, marine affairs, ocean engineering), and others allowing a student to concentrate in the marine sciences, while not actually offering a degree program as such. While in the past, there were a few institutions offering two-year technical Associate of Science (A.S.) degrees in the marine sciences, these programs appear to be on the decline. Now most undergraduate programs in the field offer the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree, with some of the less rigorous ones offering the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree. How successful are these programs? Is there areal need for them?