Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 18 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 18, No. 1
Pages 12 - 24

OpenAccess

Women of the Academy and the Sea

Suzanne O’Connell Mary Anne Holmes
First Paragraph

The oceans cover almost three-quarters of our planet, influencing food production, coastal erosion, sea-level rise, and natural disasters such as tsunamis and hurricanes. Those who study the oceans can be subdivided into four major fields: biological oceanography, chemical oceanography, physical oceanography, and geological oceanography (marine geology and geophysics). Although oceanography also includes ocean engineering, public policy, and coastal oceanography, these disciplines were not considered in this study because they are “non-traditional” and participation therein is more difficult to track.

Citation

O’Connell, S., and M.A. Holmes. 2005. Women of the academy and the sea. Oceanography 18(1):12–24, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2005.66.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.