Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 01 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 01, No. 2
Pages 37 - 39


REVIEW AND COMMENT • U.S. Marine Scientific Research and Access to Foreign Waters

By David A. Ross  and Judith Fenwick  
Jump to
Citation Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

When planning research cruises, marine scientists often must be versed in areas once considered beyond their traditional disciplines: politics and international law. The choice of location by U.S. scientists for marine research hopefully is driven by the substance of the research itself. But geographic choices for research in recent years certainly have been colored by a mix of factors besides scientific substance, such as: the diverse maritime claims of various coastal countries, the proximity to the United States, the history of clearance activity and ease or difficulty of obtaining clearance from particular countries, and the political unpredictability of certain regions.


Ross, D.A., and J. Fenwick. 1988. U.S. marine scientific research and access to foreign waters. Oceanography 1(2):37–39, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.1988.07.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.