Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 17 Issue 03

View Issue TOC
Volume 17, No. 3
Pages 22 - 31


River Mouth Plume Events and Their Dispersal in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea

By Pedro Arnau , Camino Liquete , and Miquel Canals  
Jump to
Citation Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

River mouth plume-dispersion patterns can be now observed with unprecedented resolution thanks to the most recent generation of satellite imagery products. Various types of thermal and visible images (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer [AVHRR], Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor [SeaWiFS], and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer [MODIS]) have been used to describe plume-formation events, their association with coastal oceanography, and their dispersal in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. At this location, two of the largest Mediterranean rivers (Rhone and Ebro) open into this virtually land-locked sea in addition to more than thirty smaller rivers. The analysis has been completed with hydrological and meteorological data, thus integrating information from watersheds and the marine areas under their direct influence. Furthermore, we discuss whether flood events in the study area, as conditioned by riverine, oceanographic, and climatic factors, are increasing or decreasing in frequency and size as a consequence of climate change and human impact, an issue that deserves further study.


Arnau, P., C. Liquete, and M. Canals. 2004. River mouth plume events and their dispersal in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Oceanography 17(3):22–31, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2004.27.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.