Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 21 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 21, No. 2
Pages 52 - 61

OpenAccess

Regional Differences in the Role of Eddy Pumping in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre: Historical Conundrums Revisited

Beatriz Mouriño-Carballido | was at the Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department, Woods Hole, MA, USA, and is now at the Departmento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
Susanne Neuer | School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

First Paragraph

The vast subtropical regions of the ocean account for at least 30% of the carbon export to the deep ocean. It is predicted that these regions will get larger as a consequence of global warming. Traditionally, they have been considered relatively homogeneous, and observations at one site have been extrapolated to the region as a whole. Two main conundrums remain unresolved: (1) in the western province of the subtropical North Atlantic (NASW), direct measurements of nutrient supply have been considerably lower than indirect estimates, and (2) in the eastern province of the subtropical North Atlantic (NASE), instantaneous oxygen production rates by bottle incubations indicate net heterotrophy prevailing throughout large areas. Episodic nutrient inputs into the photic layer and net oxygen production associated with mesoscale activity have been proposed to reconcile both discrepancies. Here, we compare recent findings obtained at the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) station in NASW, and in a region between ca. 22–35°N and 15–34°W (NASE), including the European Station for Time-series in the Ocean, Canary Islands (ESTOC) located north of the Canary Islands. These findings show how important spatial heterogeneity is in understanding the biogeochemistry of this biome.

Citation

Mouriño-Carballido, B., and S. Neuer. 2008. Regional differences in the role of eddy pumping in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre: Historical conundrums revisited. Oceanography 21(2):52–61, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2008.53.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.