Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 27 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 27, No. 1
Pages 214 - 216


Organic Chemicals of Environmental Concern: Water Sampling and Analytical Challenges

By John W. Farrington  
Jump to
Citation References Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

A detailed understanding of the biogeochemical cycles of organic chemicals of environmental concern (OCEC) in the ocean requires measurement of their concentrations in the water column (Farrington and Takada, 2014, in this issue, and references therein). Obtaining these measurements remains a major challenge. Those of us who have attempted low concentration OCEC measurements in open ocean seawater know that research vessels can be considered a floating cloud of contaminants of the same or interfering compounds, as is true for trace metals (Froelich, 2014, this issue).


Farrington, J.W. 2014. Organic chemicals of environmental concern: Water sampling and analytical challenges. Oceanography 27(1):214–216, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.24.

Bodman, R.H., L.V. Slabaugh, and V.T. Bowen. 1961. A multipurpose large volume water sampler. Journal of Marine Research 19:141–148.
Boehm, P.D. 1980. Evidence for the decoupling of dissolved, particulate and surface microlayer hydrocarbons in northwestern Atlantic continental shelf waters. Marine Chemistry 9:255–281, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4203(80)90029-8.
De Lappe. B.W., R.W. Risebrough, and W. Walker II. 1983. A large-volume sampling assembly for the determination of synthetic organic and petroleum compounds in the dissolved and particulate phases of seawater. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40(S2):s322–s336, https://doi.org/10.1139/f83-337.
Duinker, J.C., D.E. Schulz, and G. Petrick. 1988. Multidimensional gas chromatography with electron capture detection for the determination of toxic congeners in polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures. Analytical Chemistry 60:478–482, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00156a021.
Erickson, M.D. 1997. Analytical Chemistry of PCBs, 2nd Ed. CRC Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 667 pp.
Farrington, J.W., and H. Takada. 2014. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and plastics: Examples of the status, trend, and cycling of organic chemicals of environmental concern in the ocean. Oceanography 27(1):196–213, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.23.
Froelich, F. 2014. In praise of marine chemists. Oceanography 27(1):88–91, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.12.
Frysinger, G.S., R.B Gaines, L. Xu, and C.M. Reddy. 2003. Resolving the unresolved complex mixture in petroleum contaminated sediments. Environmental Science and Technology 37:1,653–1,662, https://doi.org/10.1021/es020742n.
Giger, W., and M. Blumer. 1974. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in environment. Isolation and characterization by chromatography, visible, ultraviolet, and mass-spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 46:1,663–1,671, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60348a036.
Hites, R.A., and W.G. Biemann. 1975. Identification of specific organic compounds in a highly anoxic sediment by GC/MS and HRMS. Advances in Chemistry Series 147:188–201.
Hoh, E., N.G. Dodder, S.J. Lehotay, K.C. Pangallo, C.M. Reddy, and K.A. Maruya. 2012. Nontargeted comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/time-of-flight mass spectrometric method and software for inventorying persistent and bioaccumulative contaminants in marine environments. Environmental Science and Technology 46:8,001–8,008, https://doi.org/10.1021/es301139q.
Kujawinski, E.B., M.C. Kido-Soule, D.L. Valentine, A.K. Boysen, K. Longnecker, and M.C. Redmond. 2011. Fate of dispersants associated with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Environmental Science and Technology 45:1,298–1,306, https://doi.org/10.1021/es103838p.
Petrick, G., D.E. Schulz-Bull, V. Martens, K. Scholz, and J.C. Duinker, 1996. An in-situ filtration/extraction system for the recovery of trace organics in solution and on particles tested in deep ocean water. Marine Chemistry 54:97–105, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4203(96)00029-1.
Reddy, C.M., A. Pearson, L. Xu, A.P. McNichol, B.A. Benner Jr., S.A. Wise, G.A Klouda, L.A. Currie, and T.I. Eglinton. 2002. Radiocarbon as a tool to apportion the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and black carbon in environmental samples. Environmental Science and Technology 36:1,774–1,782, https://doi.org/10.1021/es011343f.
Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.