Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 28 Issue 03

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Volume 28, No. 3
Pages 18 - 23


INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL ISSUE • Russian-American Long-term Census of the Arctic: RUSALCA

By Kathleen Crane  and Aleksey Ostrovskiy 
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July 23, 2004, was a historic day in Arctic research and exploration as well as in Russian-US scientific relations. On this day, the Russian research vessel Professor Khromov left Vladivostok, Russia, packed with 52 US- and Russian-funded scientists to begin a 45-day collaborative journey to obtain climate and ecosystem observations in the Pacific Arctic Ocean—a region where summer sea ice cover was declining dramatically. Until that point, the Chukchi Sea, and the life within it, were poorly mapped.


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