Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 17 Issue 02

View Issue TOC
Volume 17, No. 2
Pages 113 - 120


MEETING REPORT • Building a Window to the Sea: Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION)

By Oscar Schofield  and Margaret K. Tivey  
Jump to
Citation Copyright & Usage
First Paragraph

For centuries, oceanographers have relied on data and observations about the ocean and the seafloor below gathered from ships during cruises of limited duration. This expeditionary research approach has resulted in major advances in understanding global ocean circulation, the energy associated with mesoscale circulation, plate tectonics, global ocean productivity, and climate-ocean coupling. These and many other successes have expanded our view of Earth and ocean processes, and have demonstrated a need for sampling strategies spanning temporal and spatial scales not effectively carried out using ships. To address this observational gap, community efforts in the United States consistently have recommended that funding agencies support development of the capability to maintain a continuous sampling and monitoring presence in the ocean.


Schofield, O., and M.K. Tivey. 2004. Meeting report—Building a window to the sea: Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION). Oceanography 17(2):113–120, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2004.59.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.