Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 16 Issue 01

View Issue TOC
Volume 16, No. 1
Pages 20 - 29


Beyond the Freedom of the Seas: Ocean Policy for the Third Millennium

Michael Orbach
First Paragraph

I had the great fortune to know and to work with Roger Revelle. I did not work with him on science, but rather on issues of the relationship between science and policy-making, and on the educational process through which ocean professionals of the future should be trained. For all of his grounding in natural science, Roger was a "big thinker" in many areas including those I mention. In this lecture, I will build on Roger's ideas and, with a great deal of humility, point to what I perceive to be the their boundedness in the time Roger lived and worked.


Orbach, M. 2003. Fourth Annual Roger Revelle Lecture—Beyond the freedom of the seas: Ocean policy for the third millennium. Oceanography 16(1):20–29, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2003.55.

Copyright & Usage

This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.