Oceanography The Official Magazine of
The Oceanography Society
Volume 25 Issue 03

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Volume 25, No. 3
September 2012

SIDEBAR • The Southern Ocean Observing System

Stephen R. Rintoul | CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Michael P. Meredith | Polar Oceans Programme, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and Co-Chair of SOOS
Oscar Schofield | Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, and Co-Chair of SOOS
Louise Newman | Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, and Executive Officer of SOOS

First Paragraph

The Southern Ocean includes the only latitude band where the ocean circles the earth unobstructed by continental boundaries. This accident of geography has profound consequences for global ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycles, and climate. The Southern Ocean connects the ocean basins and links the shallow and deep limbs of the overturning circulation (Rintoul et al., 2001). The ocean’s capacity to moderate the pace of climate change is therefore influenced strongly by the Southern Ocean’s circulation.

Citation

Rintoul, S.R., M.P. Meredith, O. Schofield, and L. Newman. 2012. The Southern Ocean Observing System. Oceanography 25(3):68–69, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.76.

References

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Böning, C.W., A. Dispert, M. Visbeck, S.R. Rintoul, and F.U. Schwarzkopf. 2008. The response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to recent climate change. Nature Geoscience 1:864–869, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo362.

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Rintoul, S.R., C. Hughes, and D. Olbers. 2001. The Antarctic Circumpolar System. Pp. 271–302 in Ocean Circulation and Climate. G. Siedler, J. Church, and J. Gould, eds, Academic Press.

Rintoul, S.R., M. Sparrow, M.P. Meredith, V. Wadley, K. Speer, E. Hofmann, C. Summerhayes, E. Urban, and R. Bellerby. 2012. The Southern Ocean Observing System: Initial Science and Implementation Strategy. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research/Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, 74 pp. 

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