Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 25, Issue 1, Supplement

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Volume 25 | Number 1 | Supplement | March 2012

New Frontiers in Ocean Exploration: The E/V Nautilus and NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 2011 Field Season

Citation | Foreword | Table of Contents | Full Report | References






Citation

Bell, K.L.C., K. Elliott, C. Martinez, and S.A. Fuller, eds. 2012. New Frontiers in Ocean Exploration: The E/V Nautilus and NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 2011 Field Season. Oceanography 25(1), supplement, 68 pp, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2011.supplement.01.

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Foreword

This supplement to the March 2012 issue of Oceanography is dedicated to the continuing expeditions of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Ship Okeanos Explorer and Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus. The mission of these two ships is to explore the most unknown areas of the world's ocean, while engaging the interest of scientists, educators, students, and the general public in undersea exploration and discovery through active participation in real time. The March 2011 supplement to Oceanography chronicled the first series of missions undertaken by E/V Nautilus, and here we describe the following field season dedicated to this growing program. Our hope is to continue producing annual supplements to highlight the accomplishments of this systematic ocean exploration program.

Through a partnership that includes the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, the Ocean Exploration Trust, the Institute for Exploration, the University of Rhode Island, the University of New Hampshire, and other institutions, teams of scientists and engineers are implementing the vision of President Clinton's Panel on Ocean Exploration (2000), which challenged the United States to develop assets dedicated to exploring remote ocean areas not routinely investigated by existing research vessels. With guidance and advice from the Ocean Exploration Advisory Working Group, a standing subcommittee of the NOAA Science Advisory Board, and the Nautilus Advisory Board, Okeanos Explorer and Nautilus operate under a new paradigm of "telepresence-enabled" expeditions that make it possible for interdisciplinary teams of experts, working in Exploration Command Centers (ECCs) at academic institutions and other locations around the United States and overseas, to participate in each mission.

Satellite and high-bandwidth Internet2 technology transmit data, including remotely operated vehicle (ROV) video feeds, to shore in real time, supporting the participation of science teams at the Inner Space Center at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, and a growing ECC network. At ECCs, shore-based teams view information in real time and communicate with operational teams aboard the ships, helping to direct exploration activities. Significant progress has been made this year to stream the information on the World Wide Web over standard Internet1, enabling broader access and participation.

This dedicated network also makes it possible for educators, students, and the general public to participate in the missions. Nautilus engages "Educators-at-Sea" on every expedition to work with the shipboard team, preparing and transmitting high-definition video highlights and other products for posting on http://www.NautilusLive.org, making it possible for interested parties to pose questions to the scientists and engineers on board the ship. Likewise, professional educators and students engage in missions conducted by Okeanos Explorer, in real time through http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov, and by accessing curriculum materials that meet national education standards and incorporating information and data generated by each mission.

Through this supplement, we hope to continue to generate interest in this unique program and encourage use of the preliminary results presented. Those who are interested in specific data and information from Okeanos Explorer, please visit http://explore.noaa.gov to access the digital atlas. For E/V Nautilus information, please visit http://www.oceanexplorationtrust.org.

— By John McDonough and Robert D. Ballard

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Table of Contents

Foreword................................................................................................................................................1

Introduction............................................................................................................................................2

Joint Program Overview Map.................................................................................................................4

Telepresence.........................................................................................................................................6

Technology............................................................................................................................................8
    Exploration Vessel Nautilus...............................................................................................................8
    NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.........................................................................................................12
    The URI Inner Space Center and Exploration Command Centers....................................................16

Education and Outreach......................................................................................................................18
    Exploration Vessel Nautilus..............................................................................................................18
    Nautilus Live.....................................................................................................................................20
    NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer..........................................................................................................22

E/V Nautilus 2011 Field Season...........................................................................................................24
    Coastal Exploration of the Southern Black Sea Off Ereğli and Sinop, Turkey...................................26
    Continued Documentation of the Coastal Landscape Off the Datça Peninsula, Turkey...................28
    Continued Exploration of the Santorini Volcanic Field and Cretan Basin, Aegean Sea....................30
    Submarine Volcanoes of the Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea...............................................................32
    Submarine Volcanism in the Straits of Sicily.....................................................................................34
    Nautilus Explores the Western Mediterranean Sea..........................................................................36
    In Search of Serpentinization on Gorringe Bank..............................................................................38
    Seafloor Pockmarks, Deepwater Corals, and Cold Seeps Along the Continental Margin of Israel...40
    The Development of High-Resolution Seafloor Mapping Techniques...............................................42

NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 2011 Field Season...............................................................................46
    NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 2011 Field Season Overview............................................................48
    Exploration of the Deepwater Galápagos Region.............................................................................50
    Exploration of the Mid-Cayman Rise.................................................................................................52
    Mapping Gas Seeps with the Deepwater Multibeam Echosounder on Okeanos Explorer.................54
    "Always Exploring"............................................................................................................................56
    Exploring New Frontiers in Information Management........................................................................58

Epilogue...............................................................................................................................................60

Authors................................................................................................................................................62

Acknowledgements..............................................................................................................................64

References..........................................................................................................................................67

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Full Report

26.82 MB pdf

Single printed copies are available upon request from info@tos.org.

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References

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