> Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 22, Number 2

2009, Oceanography 22(2):252–257, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.58

HANDS-ON OCEANOGRAPHY | A Classroom Activity Using Satellite Sea Surface Temperatures to Predict Coral Bleaching

Authors | Purpose of Activity | Full Article | Worksheet | Citation | References







Authors

Britt-Anne Parker | I.M. Systems Group, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coral Reef Watch, Silver Spring, MD, USA

Tyler R.L. Christensen | I.M. Systems Group, NOAA Coral Reef Watch, Silver Spring, MD, USA

Scott F. Heron | NOAA Coral Reef Watch, Townsville, Australia

Jessica A. Morgan | I.M. Systems Group, NOAA Coral Reef Watch, Silver Spring, MD, USA

C. Mark Eakin | NOAA Coral Reef Watch, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

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Purpose of Activity

• Familiarize students with sea surface temperature (SST) and the use of satellites to remotely sense SST.

• Familiarize students with the effect of SST on coral health.

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Full Article

Download 426 KB pdf

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Worksheet

Worksheet > Download 3.08 MB pdf
Worksheet Answers > Download 718 KB pdf

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Citation

Parker, B.-A., T.R.L. Christensen, S.F. Heron, J.A. Morgan, and C.M. Eakin. 2009. Hands-on oceanography | A classroom activity using satellite sea surface temperatures to predict coral bleaching. Oceanography 22(2):252–257, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.58.

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References

Berkelmans, R. 2002. Time-integrated thermal bleaching thresholds of reefs and their variation on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Ecological Progress Series 229:73–82.

Bruno, J.F., E.R. Selig, K.S. Casey, C.A. Page, B.L. Willis, C.D. Harvell, H. Sweatmand, and A.M. Melendy. 2007. Thermal stress and coral cover as drivers of coral disease outbreaks. Public Library of Science: Biology 5(6):e124.

Coral Disease Working Group of the Global Environmental Facility Coral Reef Targeted Research Program. 2007. Coral disease, environmental drivers, and the balance between coral and microbial associates. Oceanography 20(1):172–195. Available online at: http://www.tos.org/oceanography/issues/issue_archive/issue_pdfs/20_1/20.1_breaking_waves.pdf (accessed April 24, 2009).

Eakin, C.M., J.M. Lough, and S.F. Heron. 2009. Climate variability and change: Monitoring data and evidence for increased coral bleaching stress. Pp. 41–62 in Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences. M.H. Van Oppen and J.M. Lough, eds, Ecological Studies 205, Springer, Berlin.

Glynn, P.W., and L. D'Croz. 1990. Experimental evidence for high temperature stress as the cause of El Niño-coincident coral mortality. Coral Reefs 8:181–191.

Glynn, P.W. 1996. Coral reef bleaching: Facts, hypotheses and implications. Global Change Biology 2:495–509.

Harvell, C.D., C.E. Mitchell, J.R. Ward, S. Altizer, A.P. Dobson, R.S. Ostfeld, and M.D. Samuel. 2002. Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science 296:2,158–2,162.

Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 1999. Climate change, coral bleaching, and the future of the world's reefs. Marine and Freshwater Research 50(8):839–866.

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., P.J. Mumby, A.J. Hooten, R.S. Steneck, P. Greenfield, E. Gomez, C.D. Harvell, P.F. Sale, A.J. Edwards, K. Caldeira, and others. 2007. Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318:1,737–1,742.

IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H.L. Miller Jr., eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and New York, NY, USA.

Kleypas, J.A., and C.M. Eakin. 2007. Scientists' perceptions of threats to coral reefs: Results of a survey of coral reef researchers. Bulletin of Marine Science 80(2):419–436.

Marshall, P., and H. Schuttenberg. 2006. A Reef Manager's Guide to Coral Bleaching. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Australia, 163 pp.

McClanahan, T.R., E. Weil, J. Cortes, A.H. Baird, and M. Ateweberhan. 2009. Consequences of coral bleaching for sessile reef organisms. Pp. 121–134 in Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences. M.H. Van Oppen and J.M. Lough, eds, Ecological Studies 205, Springer, Berlin.

Muscatine, L. 1990. The role of symbiotic algae in carbon and energy flux in reef corals. Coral Reefs 25:1–29.

Wilkinson, C., and D. Souter, eds. 2008. Status of Caribbean Coral Reefs after Bleaching and Hurricanes in 2005. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre, Townsville, Australia, 148 pp.

Wilkinson, C., ed. 2008. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre, Townsville, Australia, 296 pp. http://www.gcrmn.org/publications.aspx.

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