> Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 22, Number 2

2009, Oceanography 22(2):128–145, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.44

Growing a Distributed Ocean Observatory: Our View from the COOL Room

Authors | Abstract | Full Article | Citation | References







Authors

Scott Glenn | Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Oscar Schofield | Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Top



Abstract

The Rutgers University (RU) Coastal Ocean Observation Lab (COOL) is an enduring product of the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP). The key to its longevity is the academic, industry, and government partnerships that were formed through the NOPP process. These partnerships were galvanized by time at sea and then sustained through peer-reviewed proposals. The lab operates an advanced ocean observatory that has maintained a continuous presence on the New Jersey continental shelf since 1992. Key technologies for sustained spatial observations include locally acquired satellite infrared and ocean color imagery, a multistatic high-frequency radar array, and a fleet of autonomous underwater gliders. COOL provides a regional perspective that supports interdisciplinary process studies; provides a test bed, allowing rapid spiral development of sensors and platforms; and has anchored new "campaign" science programs where hundreds of scientists come together for intensive multi-institutional experiments. RU COOL is now a core component of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Mid-Atlantic Regional Ocean Observing System that, in 2007, began providing data for the full shelf from Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras. Looking to the future, in collaboration with partners from around the globe, the International Consortium of Ocean Observing Labs was formed to focus on improving global ocean observing. The NOPP approach was new and unique when introduced. Its philosophy of partnership among diverse groups was fundamental to the success of COOL and, we believe, will sustain international collaborations into the future.

Top



Full Article

Download 925 KB pdf

Top



Citation

Glenn, S., and O. Schofield. 2009. Growing a distributed ocean observatory: Our view from the COOL Room. Oceanography 22(2):128–145, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.44.

Top



References

Castelao, R., O. Schofield, S.M. Glenn, J. Kohut, and R. Chant. 2008. Cross-shelf transport of fresh water in New Jersey Shelf waters during spring and summer 2006. Journal of Geophysical Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004241.

Chant, R.J., S.M. Glenn, E. Hunter, J. Kohut, R.F. Chen, R.H. Houghton, J. Bosch, and O. Schofield. 2008. Bulge formation of a buoyant river outflow. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, C01017, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004100.

Davis, R.E., C.E. Eriksen, and C.P. Jones. 2003. Technology and applications of autonomous underwater vehicles. Pp. 37–58 in Autonomous Buoyancy Driven Underwater Gliders. G. Griffiths, ed., Taylor & Francis, London.

Devred, E., S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt. 2007. Delineation of ecological provinces using ocean colour radiometry. Marine Ecology Progress Series 346:1–13.

Glenn, S.M., T.D. Dickey, B. Parker, and W. Boicourt. 2000a. Long-term real-time coastal ocean observation networks. Oceanography 13(1):24–34.

Glenn, S.M., W. Boicourt, B. Parker, and T.D. Dickey. 2000b. Operational observation networks for ports, a large estuary and an open shelf. Oceanography 13(1):12–23.

Glenn, S.M., and O. Schofield. 2003. Observing the oceans from the COOLroom: Our history, experience, and opinions. Oceanography 16(4):37–52.

Glenn, S.M., O. Schofield, T.D. Dickey, R. Chant, R., J.T. Kohut, H. Barrier, J. Bosch, L. Bowers, E. Creed, C. Haldeman, and others. 2004. The expanding role of ocean color and optics in the changing field of operational oceanography. Oceanography 17(2):86–95.

Glenn, S.M., R. Arnone, T. Bergmann, W.P. Bissett, M. Crowley, J. Cullen, J. Gryzmski, D. Haidvogel. J. Kohut, M. Moline, and others. 2004. The biogeochemical impact of summertime coastal upwelling in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C12S02, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2003JC002265.

Glenn, S.M., C. Jones, M. Twardowski, L. Bowers, J. Kerfoot, D. Webb, and O. Schofield. 2008. Studying resuspension processes in the Mid-Atlantic Bight using Webb slocum gliders. Limnology and Oceanography 53(6):2,180–2,196.

Longhurst, A.R. 1998. Ecological Geography of the Sea. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 398 pp.

Moline, M.A., T.K. Frazer, R. Chant, S. Glenn, C.A. Jacoby, J.R. Reinfelder, J. Yost, M. Zhou, and O. Schofield. 2008. Biological responses in a dynamic buoyant river plume. Oceanography 21(4):70–89.

National Academies. 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century: An Agenda for American Science and Technology, a joint effort of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 592 pages.

Oliver, M.J., J.T. Kohut, A.J. Irwin, S.M. Glenn, O. Schofield, M.A. Moline, and W.P. Bissett. 2004. Bioinformatic approaches for objective detection of water masses. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C07S04, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2003JC002072.

Pettigrew, N.R., H. Xue, J.D. Irish, W. Perrie, C.S. Roesler, A.C. Thomas, and D.W. Townsend, 2008. The Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System: Generic lessons learned in the first seven years of operation (2001–2008). Marine Technology Society Journal 42(3):91–102.

Rudnick, D.L., and M.J. Perry, eds. 2003. ALPS: Autonomous and Lagrangian Platforms and Sensors. Workshop Report, 64 pp. Available online at: http://www.geo-prose.com/ALPS/report.html (accessed March 23, 2009).

Schofield, O., T. Bergmann, W.P. Bissett, F. Grassle, D. Haidvogel, J. Kohut, M. Moline, and S. Glenn. 2002. The Long-term Ecosystem Observatory: An integrated coastal observatory. Journal of Oceanic Engineering 27(2):146–154.

Schofield, O., W.P. Bissett, T.K. Frazer, D. Iglesias-Rodriguez, M.A. Moline, and S. Glenn. 2003. Development of regional coastal ocean observatories and the potential benefits to marine sanctuaries. Marine Technology Society Journal 37:54–67.

Schofield, O., and S.M. Glenn. 2004. The evolving coastal ocean observatories. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C12S01, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004JC002577.

Schofield, O., J. Kohut, D. Aragon, L. Creed, J. Graver, C. Haldeman, J. Kerfoot, H. Roarty, C. Jones, D. Webb, and S.M. Glenn. 2007. Slocum gliders: Robust and ready. Journal of Field Robotics 24(6):1–14, http://dx.doi.org/10:1009/rob.20200.

Schofield, O., R. Chant, B. Cahill, R. Castelao, D. Gong, J. Kohut, M. Montes-Hugo, R. Ramadurai, Y. Xu, and S.M. Glenn. 2008. The decadal view of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is our coastal system changing? Oceanography 21(4):108–117.

Stommel, H. 1989. The Slocum mission. Oceanography 2(1):22–25.

Tang, D., J.A. Moum, J.F. Lynch, P. Abbott, R. Chapman, R. Capman, P.H. Dahl, T.F. Duda, G. Gawarkiewicz, S. Glenn, and others. 2007. Shallow Water '06: A joint acoustic propagation/nonlinear internal wave physics experiment. Oceanography 20(4):156–166.

Top