> Oceanography > Issues > Archive > Volume 22, Number 2

2009, Oceanography 22(2):228–233, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.51

Kayaking with Bernoulli

Authors | Introduction | Full Article | Citation | References







Authors

Burkard Baschek | Department of Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

David M. Farmer | Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI, USA

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Introduction

In the narrow channels along the coast of British Columbia, Canada, powerful tidal currents generate spectacular rapids sometimes exceeding 8.6 m s-1. The Nakwakto tidal rapids are an especially impressive natural fluid mechanics laboratory and a beautiful example of Daniel Bernoulli's famous principle of energy conservation in a fluid. Boundary-layer separation from irregular shorelines generates intense shears with highly energetic whirlpools that draw gas bubbles to great depth, enhancing aeration of the water. Large standing waves form in the wake of an island. In these environments, fresh surface water from the extensive inlets of the mainland coast and saltier water from the Pacific Ocean are mixed thoroughly throughout the water column. In this article we describe unusual measurements acquired in Nakwakto Rapids, an outstanding educational laboratory with unique opportunities for studying hydrodynamics.

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Full Article

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Citation

Baschek, B., and D.M. Farmer. 2009. Kayaking with Bernoulli. Oceanography 22(2):228–233, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2009.51.

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References

Bernoulli, D. 1738. Hydrodynamica.

Bernoulli, J. 1732. Hydraulica.

Guillen, M. 1995. Five Equations that Changed the World. MSF Books, New York, 277 pp.

Hemmingway, R., and D. Douglass. 1999. Beyond Nakwakto Rapids. Pacific Yachting. Available online at: http://www.insidepassagenews.com/ARTICLES/PACIFIC_YACHTING/nakwakto.html (accessed May 13, 2009).

Henderson, F.M. 1966. Open Channel Flow. Prentice Hall, 544 pp.

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